Lakes, Ponds and Wetlands

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No Govt in Delhi means no water for Dwarka

The locality has to source its water from Gurgaon now, as even the number of water tankers that used to meet its demand till now, have reduced. The Delhi Development Authority says nothing can happen unless neighbouring Haryana releases water from the Munak channel

Bangalore lake target of encroachment

Hello, I am Kinjal Shah, a student from Landscape Architecture, CEPT University, Ahmedabad. I am doing thesis on 'Restoration of Ponds in Surat'. For my thesis I need the english version of the book 'Aaj Bhi Khare Hain Talab' for my base data regarding the existence & importance of ponds in history . Can you mail me the pdf of the same. I already have the Hindi version of the book but I need the english version.

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Tourism and other human interventions in the Bhimtal area in Uttarakhand has led to drastic changes that have altered the way of life and land use in the region. Can this trend be reversed?

The Himalayan region is facing an unprecedented onslaught of modernization. Large-scale construction, deforestation and pollution are taking a toll on it's pristine eciology. This includes the beautiful Bhimtal lake in Nainital district, Uttarakhand. A case study has been carried out to study this effect of human activities in the region of Bhimtal and 11 satellite villages, in an area of 21.57 sq km. The main water source for the study region is Bhimtal lake, which not only forms the major drainage reservoir, but is also the source of water for domestic and irrigation purposes.

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Hailstorm destroys crop in Maharashtra

Unexpected rain and hailstorm severely impacts crops like wheat, grapes, papaya, cotton, onion and Jowar spread over 12 lakh hectares and kills thousands of livestock, animals and birds even as the State still does not have a plan for climate change.

Out-migration of residents and inefficient agricultural practices in Baldeogarh, MP have been partially resolved by an NGO's intervention, which focused on conserving water.

A little less than 40 km away from the district headquarters of Tikamgarh in northern Madhya Pradesh lies a watershed, which is an area of land where all of the water that is under it or drains off of it goes into the same place (US Environmental Protection Agency). Called the Baldeogarh watershed, it occupies an area of 10,317 hectares across 24 villages of Baldeogarh and drains into the Dhasan river.

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The benefits of the East Kolkata Wetlands are known to all in the state but the greed for land and lax penalties are destroying this Wetland of International Importance.

The city of Kolkata is blessed to have its very own natural urban wastewater treatment system in the form of the East Kolkata Wetlands. According to the Ramsar Site Information Service, these wetlands are "one of the rare examples of environmental protection and development management where a complex ecological process has been adopted by the local farmers for mastering the resource recovery activities".

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Using community radio, messages about adapting to climate change and methods to do it were communicated to farmers in Bundelkhand.

In Jhansi, Bundelkhand farmers experience great uncertainties in agriculture due to erratic rainfall. Covering 13 districts of southwest Uttar Pradesh and Northern Madhya Pradesh with a population of approximately 21 million, Bundelkhand is a typical semi-arid region.  Around 83% of the area is rural and more than one third of the households are considered to be below the poverty line.

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'Eris' and 'ooranis', which are tanks that supplied water for generations in Tamil Nadu, are being revived thanks to monetary donations, good management practices and community participation.

Tamilnadu has a rich tradition of tank management at the village level. Every village had one or more irrigation tanks, locally known as ‘kanmais’ or ‘eris’, and a drinking water tank called ‘ooranis’. This system worked for centuries with the support of residents and the local administration. Endowments, which are nothing but donations given to groups of individuals to accomplish a set of tasks, played an important role in sustaining this ecosystem.

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'Talab Bachao Abhiyan', a group that is working on pond conservation in Bihar, suggests measures to the government and hopes to involve local youth to further the cause of these dying ponds.

In 1989, Bihar's Darbhanga town boasted 213 ponds. Today nearly 25% of them have been drained, leveled to the ground, filled up and built over. Hotels, houses and highrise buildings have bulldozed their way onto these water bodies. Do we not need these ponds any longer? Are they better of as bedrocks of development in these land-starved times? 

Once upon a time

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Governance by the government must give way to governance by the community if we are to preserve the tanks of Tamil Nadu, which are fast disappearing.

Our day-to-day dependence on fresh water is tremendous, whether for domestic or agricultural use. Theoretically, we know that it is a finite resource and that it can't be taken for granted but in practice, we do. India has an average rainfall of around 1150 mm but lets out nearly 1263 billion cubic metres of water into the sea unutilized. 

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