Rural Water

  • Millions of Indian women can take up to six trips a day to gather and transport water, which takes up a major part of their day. During scorching summers when many sources dry up, their drudgery gets even worse. Stories of girls dropping out of school to share the burden of carrying water are also n...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Historically, water is a gendered burden, with women being the primary caregivers responsible for cooking, washing and cleaning chores in the house and in modern times in institutions (teachers, anganwadi and healthcare workers). Women have traditionally been associated with various w...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Karnataka allowed to implement Kalasa-Banduri project In a major relief to the Karnataka government, Centre has issued a gazette notification for the implementation of the Mahadayi water dispute tribunal’s August 2018 verdict. The notification allows the Karnataka government to go ahead with the ...
    swatiposted 2 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Maharashtra is the second largest sugar producing state in India, after Uttar Pradesh where as high as 1.6 million farmers cultivate sugarcane on 0.7 million hectares of land. The sugarcane industry provides direct employment to about 0.16 million workers while 1.5 million workers engage in sugarcan...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 months 2 days agoread more
  • Surrounded by vast expanses of water, the Kuttanad region in Alleppey district, Kerala faces severe drinking water scarcity due to infrastructure failure and civic body inaction. This picture-perfect expanse that lies at the heart of the backwaters experiences “frequent floods, waterlogging, conta...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 5 days agoread more
  • The challenges to sustain groundwater dependency in India are many where groundwater over extraction is not only leading to rapid depletion of the resource, but also giving rise to water quality issues in a situation where the response at the level of policy continues to be lukewarm. A workshop t...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 months 1 week agoread more
  • Kotda village provides an inspiring example of how a village suffering from teething troubles in the critical areas of water and sanitation can emerge as a model water and sanitation village. Located in Mangrol block of Junagadh district, from a distance this village presents a lush green appearance...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 1 week agoread more
  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman’s budget announcement on February 1, 2020 made a push for piped rural drinking water supply and promised full coverage of all households by 2024. Last year, the National Rural Drinking Water Mission (NRDWM) was restructured and subsumed into Jal Jeevan...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Common pool resources, popularly known as “commons”, are those resources which are accessible to the whole community or village and to which no individual has exclusive ownership or property rights. Commons have two essential characteristics: non-excludability and high-subtractability. Non-exclu...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • After independence, India was largely food insecure but post Green Revolution around the 1970s, foodgrain production increased manifold consequently reducing food insecurity and poverty in the country, in spite of rapid population growth. Its ability to achieve targeted results was largely dependent...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Union Finance Minister Ms. Nirmala Sitharaman presented the decade's first union budget in the parliament on 1st February 2020. While presenting budget for 2020-2021, she started with the country’s vision for the decade in which she emphasised on water management and clean rivers as one of th...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Groundwater pollution due to organic micropollutants is becoming a major cause of concern in many parts of the world, where water resources are on the decline. India is the largest user of groundwater and the presence of micropollutants in groundwater has been a growing concern. What do studies on m...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 months 21 hours agoread more
  • The Mahanadi delta in Odisha is a composite delta fed by water, sediments and nutrients from a network of three major rivers: Mahanadi, Brahmani and Baitarini. The coastline of the delta is approximately 200 km long, extending from the Chilika lagoon in the south to the Dhamara river in the north. I...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 4 months 6 days agoread more
  • Gangetic dolphins under threat thanks to increased river traffic Despite concerted efforts by various agencies to save the Gangetic dolphins, several factors, including poaching for oil, river pollution and increased traffic in water bodies, continue to pose grave threat to the species. Accord...
    swatiposted 4 months 1 week agoread more
  • The water crisis in Karnataka has not only led to severe agrarian distress in the eastern plains region but also created an acute shortage of domestic water, in both rural and urban areas. The 21st century has seen significant changes in demography, economy and agriculture, increasing the demand for...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 months 1 week agoread more
  • Environment Ministry notifies new wetland conservation rules The Environment Ministry has notified new conservation rules that prohibit setting up or expansion of industries, and disposal of construction and demolition waste within the wetlands. The ministry has also ordered all the state and union...
    swatiposted 4 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Andhra Pradesh and Telangana shelve plan to link Godavari and Krishna rivers The governments of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have shelved the project to inter-link Godavari and Krishna rivers that was expected to benefit drought-prone areas in the two states. The reason behind this is Andhra govern...
    swatiposted 4 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Objective of the event: To orient participants on innovative borewell recharge method in rural areas as well as various methods of aquifer recharge in urban areas. Target Participants: Staff from NGOs who want to integrate the aquifer recharge techniques in their on-going ...
    swatiposted 6 months 1 week agoread more
  • Focus on water conservation in MGNREGA: Rural Development ministry to states The Ministry of Rural Development has asked states to give special focus to works related to water harvesting and water conservation, including river rejuvenation while preparing the MGNREGA labour budget for the 2020...
    swatiposted 6 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Pune continues to face a water crisis every summer despite having sufficient water, thanks to its geographical location and plentiful natural water assets. While enough of its water needs are taken care of by water supply from the Khadakwasla dam, the use of groundwater to meet the needs of the popu...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 7 months 1 week agoread more

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Policy matters this week

Centre advises states to ensure adequate water supply in rural areas during lockdown

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The new policy needs to build context specificity and have enabling mechanisms for equitable resource allocation.

The way water as a resource has been viewed in the policies of India has evolved significantly over the years. Reduction in per capita availability over the years (5177 to 1463 cubic metres between 1950-2015) has forced every new policy to change the way it has approached its management. It was considered an economic commodity in the second National Water Policy (NWP) drafted in 2002. Finally in 2012, the third NWP recognized the importance of managing water as a “common-pool resource”.

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As corona virus 'travels' to rural areas, PRADAN ramps up its response by training tribals and marginalised women.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared coronavirus disease a pandemic. Originating from Wuhan in China, it has traversed almost the entire globe, and claimed more than 41,000 lives, while over 8 lakh people are infected already. That’s largely the urban population.

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All you need to know on Jal Jeevan Mission, a time-bound mission-mode programme that was launched in 2019 to provide water to all by 2024.
On 15 August, 2019, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM), a time-bound mission-mode programme, to enable all rural household to have functional household tap connection (FHTC) i.e. Har Ghar Nal Se Jal by 2024. The goal of JJM is to provide FHTC to every household with service level at the rate of 55 litres per capita per day (lpcd).  
 

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While water supply coverage has improved over the years in Maharashtra, why does safe and continuous water supply still remain a distant dream for the state?

Latur in Maharashtra has been facing acute drinking water scarcity over the last month and has been in news again, and that too, inspite of having piped water connections and a good monsoon this year!

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For Har Ghar Nal Ka Jal to succeed, the state needs to look at water harvesting to augment groundwater availability.

Water is a precious natural resource that ensures human well-being. However, across the globe there is a severe water crisis, which is heightened by issues of inaccessibility and contamination.

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How technology enables monitoring and evaluation, or comparative analysis of developmental data from village to state level.

Developments in geographical information systems (GIS) in India, both in policy and law, have thus far empowered to a greater extent government and business at national and regional level. The real challenge in this sector is to extend this technology to local communities for self-governance and to enable them to participate on an equal footing in regional and national development.

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Policy matters this week

Centre to finalise National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights

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Will the World Bank honor its commitments to the poor in an Indian water project?

In the wake of a scandal revealing that the World Bank may have suppressed knowledge of money for the poor being siphoned off by elites, all eyes are on the Bank to see whether its commitments to the poor hold water. Now, the Bank has a chance to demonstrate its commitment to vulnerable communities––and not the wealthy few––by righting its wrongs in a massive water scheme the Bank is financing in rural India.

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What can be learnt from past experiences on scaling up coverage of piped water supply?

Efforts are underway by both state and central governments to improve access to safe and adequate drinking water to people, and nationally, as on 31 December 2018, 79% of rural habitations had been covered at 40 litres per capita per day (lpcd) but only 47% at 55 lpcd. Yet, in spite of the big push towards piped water supply in rural areas, the coverage continued to be poor.

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