Rainfed Agriculture

  • The interstate dispute between Odisha and Chhattisgarh over the Mahanadi's water is an ongoing one and it looks like both the state governments have no interest in finding a long-term solution. It all started with the Chhattisgarh government constructing six barrages on the upstream of the Mahanadi...
    makarandpurohitposted 1 year 5 months agoread more
  • Monsoon, the season of rains, has a unique place in the heart of the people of India. This passionate burst of showers has been extensively documented, observed and studied by travellers, poets, scientists, farmers and more. Extremely vital for agriculture and survival in India, the monsoon continu...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 year 5 months agoread more
  • India could address its water, food security by replacing rice cultivation: Study  According to a new study, India can reduce its irrigation water use to one third by replacing the water-intensive rice crop with less water-intensive cereals like maize, finger millet, pearl millet and sorghum. ...
    swatiposted 1 year 6 months agoread more
  • A study by the World Bank indicates that due to rising temperatures and changing monsoon rainfall patterns from climate change, India’s gross domestic product (GDP) may dip by 2.8 percent (amounting to $1177.8 billion) by 2050. The living standards of nearly half the country’s population will ge...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 year 6 months agoread more
  • Entering its second year, the Graduate Program of Water Science and Policy 2018 at Shiv Nadar University envisages a multi-disciplinary classroom, engagement and content delivered by some of the best minds globally – experts on water who have worked on ground realities, made policies and initiated...
    priyadposted 1 year 8 months agoread more
  • Lokesh Verma, a farmer from Nainital’s Chanfi village, says this is the third year in a row that he is bearing losses in agriculture. “I have lost around Rs 2 lakh and there’s a debt of Rs 70,000 to pay off. I grow strawberries, guavas and peas in my 15 bighas of land, but there is not enough ...
    arathiposted 1 year 9 months agoread more
  • Agriculture is of central importance to India’s economy with more than half of the workforce in the country depending on it for their livelihoods. However, it is increasingly being threatened due to climate-change-induced changing rainfall patterns and water scarcity having a negative impact on pr...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 year 9 months agoread more
  • The GFES initiative aims to support the collaboration between users and researchers in the earlier stages of water science and promote the assimilation of local knowledge and users experiences into research design to develop ideas for future India-UK water research. GFES will take the...
    priyadposted 1 year 9 months agoread more
  • Small farmers are the key to ending poverty and hunger and promoting sustainable development. In India, small and marginal farmers—those who work on less than two hectares (five acres) of land—constitute 80 percent of all farm households, 50 percent of rural households and 36 percent of the tota...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 10 months agoread more
  • Scanty rainfall, depleting groundwater levels, barren farmlands and mass migration of farmers to cities for better livelihood--this is the reality of most of rural India today. Many parts of India are witnessing this growing trend of farmers leaving their lands in search of jobs in cities. Andhra Pr...
    arathiposted 1 year 10 months agoread more
  • Every year, thousands of villages in Maharashtra get affected by droughts. Experts say that the reasons for recurrent droughts include a lack of policy framework, technical knowledge and community participation as well as poor implementation of government programmes. Until 1970, the residents of Ka...
    makarandpurohitposted 1 year 11 months agoread more
  • Water is a crucial part of all societies as it has myriad uses. In India, however, it is of much more importance as over 600 million people make a living off the land. They rely on the monsoon to replenish their water sources and the unpredictable nature of rain leaves them vulnerable. Even today, t...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 11 months agoread more
  • This year’s budget was expected to be extensively farmer- and rural-sector oriented. And that is exactly what it turned out to be. The distress in the agrarian sector has intensified and its political implications were rife this year considering the Lok Sabha elections are scheduled next year. The...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 year 11 months agoread more
  • Pitidri is a nondescript village that dots the rainshadow area of Purulia district in West Bengal. Droughts are common here even when the area is endowed with above average rainfall of over 1300 mm a year. Until some time ago, Urmila Mahato, a 42-year-old farmer from Pitidri had been struggling to e...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 year 12 months agoread more
  • Alternative Futures: India Unshackled is a riveting new book that brings together scenarios of an India that is politically and socially egalitarian, radically democratic, economically sustainable and equitable, and socio-culturally diverse and harmonious. Edited by KJ Joy and Ashish Kothari, w...
    priyadposted 1 year 12 months agoread more
  • Assam prepares river atlas to tackle floods, erosion, deforestation The Assam government is preparing a river atlas with the aid of the North Eastern Space Application Centre (NESAC) that would serve as a comprehensive database of all major and minor rivers of the state. Besides serving as a databa...
    swatiposted 2 years 2 days agoread more
  • Government approves Rs 5,369 crore for Jal Vikas Marg Project With the technical assistance and investment support from the World Bank, the Centre has given its approval to Rs 5,369 crore Jal Vikas Marg Project for capacity augmentation of navigation on the Haldia-Varanasi stretch of National ...
    swatiposted 2 years 1 week agoread more
  • Yet again, North India shrouded in heavy smog Delhi and parts of north India are once again enveloped in heavy toxic smog, thanks to crop burning in Punjab. Taking note of the crisis, the National Green Tribunal has rapped the state governments concerned and has instructed them to ta...
    swatiposted 2 years 2 months agoread more
  • The theme for the Conclave this year is “Water Use Efficiency: An Imperative for India” to highlight the imperative of water use efficiency in the industry, agriculture and urban contexts.  The Indian economy at present is struggling with excessive population growth and changing water reso...
    Water Awards 2016posted 2 years 2 months agoread more
  • Marathwada in Maharashtra is an arid region with rainfall of less than 750 mm per year. Most villages in the region face acute water scarcity. Kachner in Aurangabad was no exception.  This meant that only rainfed agriculture was possible when the rains were good. Most of the year, and particul...
    arathiposted 2 years 5 months agoread more

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A study finds that farmers in south India continue to rely on borewells rather than investing in water conservation structures or demand management strategies to cope with droughts.

India is witnessing the second driest pre-monsoon season in the last 65 years. As the country eagerly eyes the monsoon clouds, the delay so far has now widened the rain deficit to 43%.

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Study reveals women are central to both food production and preparation, as well as to domestic water provisioning.

The water sector remains male dominated at different scales, from engineers and technocrats responsible for designing irrigation systems, to upper caste and upper class men who decide on the location of canals, borewells, tanks, and other water systems at the grassroots level. While women are involved in the daily management of water for food production, especially on small farms, they have little say in water provisioning decisions.

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What are India's plans for managing its natural resources, undertaking sustainable land management and combating droughts?

Managing natural resources, the sustainable way

On the occasion of World Day to Combat Desertification (WDCD 2019), India elaborated on its plans for managing its natural resources, undertaking sustainable land management and combatting droughts.  The highlighted actions are expected to help India meets its overall target of achieving Land Degradation Neutrality by 2030. The highlighted actions are expected to help India meets its overall target of achieving Land Degradation Neutrality by 2030.

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While WOTR’s work has contributed to improving SDG outcomes, what are the learnings from the efforts made by the organisation to map and identify the pathways that have brought about this change?

Sustainable development, still an unfinished agenda

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The effects of climate change are felt by the indigenous communities residing in the Himalayan region. How are they coping with these changes?

Mountain ecosystems are highly sensitive due to ecological fragility, geomorphologic instability but are blessed with vast eco biodiversity. Climate change impacts in the form of temperature rise, unpredictable and decreased rainfall, glacier melt, prolonged summers and short winters and changes in the seasonal cycle are happening at a more severe pace in the mountain areas making it more vulnerable to their impacts.

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With over 50 percent of the cultivable area being rain-fed, the farm economy could be in a precarious situation with the ongoing rain deficiency.

India’s leading weather and agriculture risk monitoring company has released a Kharif Report, sharing the prediction for the upcoming monsoon and its impact on the production of kharif crops. According to the report, Skymet expects the upcoming monsoon to be “below normal” to the tune of 93 percent (with an error margin of +/-5 percent) of the long period average (LPA) of 887 mm for the four-month period from June to September.

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New drought and flood tolerant rice varieties can ease water constraints and ensure food security, study says.

In recent years, cycles of extreme drought and severe flooding have affected the country’s water availability and crop production. The trend can be attributed to climate change. Scientists have been exploring drought and flood tolerant crop varieties to offset stress conditions that significantly constrain rice production. With the development of new drought and flood-tolerant rice varieties, agriculture scientists hope to ease water constraints and ensure food security.

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Rice-based diets had higher emissions but wheat-based diets used more water, says study.

India's food system produces large environmental impacts but these vary by diets. The per capita environmental impacts of diets in India are currently lower than those of many high-income countries due, in part, to habitually low consumption of animal source foods. But, this relatively low per capita impact may change due to the “nutrition transition” from cereal-dominated diets towards diets high in animal-source and highly processed foods, at least among some segments of the population.

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A study finds that farmers from socially-marginalised castes continue to be disadvantaged in accessing agricultural extension services.

Increase in agricultural productivity is not only dependent on material inputs, but also on farmer’s access to relevant information on crop production and farm management practices. This information is provided through agricultural extension services in India.

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The forecast shows monsoon to begin under the shadow of El Niño and could be below normal across all four regions.

Skies in several parts of Kerala are overcast with pre-monsoon but monsoon is progressing sluggishly, as per meteorological predictions. “This year’s monsoon rains will arrive on India southern coast in Kerala on June 4 and deliver less rain than average year,” says Skymet, a private weather forecasting agency. The shadow of El Niño, a global ocean phenomenon marked by the warming of the equatorial Pacific Ocean, will affect the onset of the monsoon. The report suggests that El Niño is likely to continue during the monsoon season.

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