Safe drinking water, a global concern
The safety and accessibility of drinking water is a global concern. The World Health Organisation (WHO) reports that 80 percent of diseases are waterborne. Contamination from the geological formations (termed geogenic contamination) is the major source of groundwater contamination.
Non carcinogenic health effects of groundwater contamination are equally challenging as the carcinogenic risks.
Nearly 85 percent of the Indian population consumes groundwater and this groundwater can get polluted because of a number of contaminants - with fluoride being an important one.
Fluoride contamination of groundwater - a grave risk to health
When UNICEF brought borewell rigs to India in early 1970s to help deal with water shortage, little did we know that it would become a tool for privatising the groundwater in the decades to come. Today, this practice of treating groundwater as a private resource has led to over-exploitation and an increase in mineral contamination as we drill into deeper aquifers in search of water.
Starting May 15, 2022 Mamatha from Andhra Pradesh, and Rameshwar from Maharashtra, equipped with a mobile phone and a measuring tape, will be joining several others heading to their fields and neighbouring villages to measure wells.
Excessive dependence and unregulated use of groundwater is draining India dry with 84 percent of groundwater being used for irrigation and 90 percent for drinking in rural areas.
Several large states have low coverage of JJM in rural households: Panel expresses displeasure
Out of 9.45 lakh water bodies identified, 18,691 encroached upon, informs Jal Shakti Ministry
Delhi is facing the risk of land subsidence. And uncontrolled and illegal groundwater extraction is to blame!
What is land subsidence
The word Kachch is derived from the Gujarati word ‘Kachha’, meaning tortoise, from which the drought-prone district of Kutch gets i