Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

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    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • Dear All, I have a property in Madipakkam, Chennai. I drilled borewell in the year 2000 in my property at about 200 ft. From that time till now, I am getting only one bucket of water, approximately equivalent to 50 litres per day till now. I feel that this is very low and so am thinking of reinspe...
    arunancposted 1 year 3 months agoread more
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  • Namaste, Our borewell report indicates the following : - 450 feet depth - 180 feet water - 2.75" yield, Currently, there is no tank, but let us assume that there will be a overhead tank around 50 feet higher. Questions : - What would be the submersible pump specification needed? - What power is ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • Hi, We have a 400ft borewell dig that got drained recently. We would like to go until 1000ft and as it is a constructed house, we cannot go with normal borewell lorry. One of the borewell company suggested for underroof compact drillers like below: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KQdQs5adTag. More ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • Respected sir, We are from Visakhapatnam, and we do all kinds of water treatment works. We design borewell water treatment for utility purposes only and we want to establish a filtration system at a low budget. What treatment method can be used to remove chlorides, CL is 2240 ppm, hardness at 2380 ...
    Akkeni Chiranje...posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • Dear Sir, We dug a borewell in 2017 upto 290 feet of 6 inch. After a year, the submersible pump got stuck. Now, we have recovered the pump and again dug up to 350 feet. After the bore well digging process, we tried to place the submersible pump into it, but it got stuck at 80 feet and the casing is...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • Dear Sir, The motor of a bore well which we dug around 290 feet in 2017 got stuck . The motor was removed and re-boring of 6 inch was done upto 350 feet . After the re-boring too, we feel that something is still stuck in the borewell, which is making it difficult to place the submersible pump in th...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
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  • Hanumanthappa Ramanagar from Kushtagi taluka of Karnataka’s Koppal district has 15 acres of arid land with two deep wells on two sides of the land. One is a “very old” dug well and the other, a tubewell, is just 10 years old. Both were on the verge of going defunct two years ago. “There were...
    arathiposted 1 year 4 months agoread more
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    seetha@indiawat...posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • How to calculate the lift of water. Motor is fixed at 20 feet distance from the sump. Foot valve depth is 8 feet. The pipeline to the motor from the foot valve 4 bends. From the motor the delivery to tank has 6 bends. Now please tell me if 0.5 hp motor is sufficient. How much water could be delivere...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
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  • Hi, I am from Bangalore and we have purchased apartment in a residential complex where ground water is green/brown color. This is a newly built apartment which is housing 80 flats, and all the residents are facing the same issue and are very much worried. We had got the water tested from a lab in B...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 5 months agoread more
  • Hi, I recently got a borewell done. The entire depth of the borewell is 145 feet. We also got submersible installed which is at a depth of 85 feet. After three months, we noticed that just below the submersible, the entire borewell is full. Can anybody suggest what caused this? We consulted the per...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 5 months agoread more
  • Hi, We recently dug a bore well in Visakhapatnam, India at a depth of 240 feet. The water seems to be a little oily, sticky, when used for bathing and cleaning. We had a original bore about 10 feet away for 80 feet that dried out. We used this original bore for 2 decades with out any problems. Howe...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 5 months agoread more
  • Hi, I am Raj Gaurav from Patna, Bihar. I have 260 ft boring and bore of 1 inch for which I use 1 hp motor. Initially (upto 1 year ) the motor would run on 8 amp (average). I had switched on the motor once when there was high voltage, and made the motor work for 5 minutes after which I switched it o...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 5 months agoread more
  • Hello, I have no electricity on my land and I have applied for borewell permission to get electrical power connection, but collector sir has ordered not to give permissions. My crops are dying, could you please help me?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 5 months agoread more
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    seetha@indiawat...posted 1 year 5 months agoread more

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i need to know all the points to be considered before the installation of a borewell for a family of 10 members.

Location: Shela, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

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I am thinking to do a borewell at my house. I would like to know what would be the approximate cost for it, how deep is recommended and how long does it take to complete the work?

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There is no space in my house to dig a borewell. Only space available is 10ft height and 3ft width. Is it possible to dig a borewell?

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Hi,

We have our 100ft borewell dug in 2013. Recently our drainage got clogged and the sewage water got mixed in our borewell. Now the drainage clogging has been cleared but still the borewell water is contaminated and the water yield is very less. Is there any ways to clean my borewell? Please suggest.

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We have a borewell which giver smelly water during rainy days. Any reliable and perment solution to test the water and fix it to have a clean water.

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I have constructed a borewell near the Electronic City in Bangalore around two months back. We had dug around 1030 feet when we get 2 inches water. We stopped the borewell after digging another 5 feet as the borewell person informed that he cannot dig further.

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The distance between the septic tank and borewell is 15 ft and the dimension of the septic tank is 11X6X7 ft. Is this distance between the septic tank and borewell ok or not? Any suggestions.

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We have drilled borewell upto 575 ft through sensor vehicle and used filter pipe and yet at 300ft it has been collapsed when checked through camera testing. However, at the same site we drilled  upto 73ft and installed 10" pvc pipe and drilled upto 155ft through inwell bed setting and found 3 layers of loose soil and kept covering the borewell.So what should we do now for a successful drilling?

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We drilled borewell in the month of October and we went until 1120 feet but we didn't find any source of water. The drilling person mentioned that water of 0.5" is available. We thought that it is a failure and we constructed our home. After completing the home construction, I used the camera technique and was able to find water at a depth of 300 feet but in the video that was provided I was not able to find any single source. But the camera person and some of the people are suggesting to put the motor.

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There are many reasons why we see more droughts in India these days. Here is all the information that you need to know droughts better.

Droughts are one of the most feared natural calamities in India impacting food production, the economy as well as the morale of millions of farmers in a country where

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