Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • Dear Sir, We dug a borewell in 2017 upto 290 feet of 6 inch. After a year, the submersible pump got stuck. Now, we have recovered the pump and again dug up to 350 feet. After the bore well digging process, we tried to place the submersible pump into it, but it got stuck at 80 feet and the casing is...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 2 months agoread more
  • Dear Sir, The motor of a bore well which we dug around 290 feet in 2017 got stuck . The motor was removed and re-boring of 6 inch was done upto 350 feet . After the re-boring too, we feel that something is still stuck in the borewell, which is making it difficult to place the submersible pump in th...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 2 months agoread more
  • Rabindra Kumar Jena, the Member of Parliament (MP) from Balasore, Odisha knew that something was wrong with the health of people in a part of his constituency but he could not put his finger to it. By sheer chance, in 2015, he got to know that this seemed to be related to excessive fluoride in water...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 year 2 months agoread more
  • Hanumanthappa Ramanagar from Kushtagi taluka of Karnataka’s Koppal district has 15 acres of arid land with two deep wells on two sides of the land. One is a “very old” dug well and the other, a tubewell, is just 10 years old. Both were on the verge of going defunct two years ago. “There were...
    arathiposted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • Delhi's groundwater most ‘over exploited’ after Punjab and Rajasthan With groundwater in 56 percent of tehsils in Delhi found to be over exploited, the state is now the third most ‘over exploited’ behind Punjab and Rajasthan. As per the Central Groundwater Board data, 76 percent of the asse...
    seetha@indiawat...posted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • How to calculate the lift of water. Motor is fixed at 20 feet distance from the sump. Foot valve depth is 8 feet. The pipeline to the motor from the foot valve 4 bends. From the motor the delivery to tank has 6 bends. Now please tell me if 0.5 hp motor is sufficient. How much water could be delivere...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • Kaudikasa is a small village with a population of just 350 people in the Ambagad Chowki block of the Rajnandgaon district in Chhattisgarh. Despite its small size, Kaudikasa village has been in the news for all the wrong reasons. Severe health problems have been reported from the village, thanks to a...
    makarandpurohitposted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • Hi, I am from Bangalore and we have purchased apartment in a residential complex where ground water is green/brown color. This is a newly built apartment which is housing 80 flats, and all the residents are facing the same issue and are very much worried. We had got the water tested from a lab in B...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • Hi, I recently got a borewell done. The entire depth of the borewell is 145 feet. We also got submersible installed which is at a depth of 85 feet. After three months, we noticed that just below the submersible, the entire borewell is full. Can anybody suggest what caused this? We consulted the per...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • Hi, We recently dug a bore well in Visakhapatnam, India at a depth of 240 feet. The water seems to be a little oily, sticky, when used for bathing and cleaning. We had a original bore about 10 feet away for 80 feet that dried out. We used this original bore for 2 decades with out any problems. Howe...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • Hi, I am Raj Gaurav from Patna, Bihar. I have 260 ft boring and bore of 1 inch for which I use 1 hp motor. Initially (upto 1 year ) the motor would run on 8 amp (average). I had switched on the motor once when there was high voltage, and made the motor work for 5 minutes after which I switched it o...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • Hello, I have no electricity on my land and I have applied for borewell permission to get electrical power connection, but collector sir has ordered not to give permissions. My crops are dying, could you please help me?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • Centre to fast track Atal Bhujal Yojana to help manage groundwater efficiently  In order to manage water resources efficiently and strengthen groundwater recharge, the government has decided to fast-track Atal Bhujal Yojana conceived at a cost of Rs 6000 crore. The Central Ground Wat...
    seetha@indiawat...posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • After several failed attempts at retrieving a stuck bore pump from 360 feet in a bore well, our mechanic poured 3kg of washing soap powder into the borewell to ease out the retrieval process as a last option. Finally, we did not succeed in retrieving the pump. During drilling, first water source fou...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • Hi, We have drilled a bore well 8 months back, which is around 480 ft deep, but we did not install a pump set because of loose soil till 200 ft. To put a casing till 200 ft would have been expensive. This week, we did a video scanning of the bore well and noticed a blockage at 240 ft,  but the...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • One of the major causes of deterioration of water quality is the increase in overall salinity. Total hardness and the presence of materials like fluoride, nitrate, iron, arsenic, and toxic metal ions determine salinity levels in groundwater. With the demand for groundwater growing rapidly, its explo...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • I recently drilled a borewell in my site in Erode, but could not find water source even after going beyond 940 ft, hence stopped the drilling. Before drilling borewell, I got the site verified by water diviner (who brought a machine and found a point to drill. Mr. Natarajan-9842776565). But could no...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • In the beginning, the borewell water showed a good ph of 8.5, but was greyish color as there was some grey sand getting mixed in it, so we put some pebbles to block the sand from getting in. But now, I am getting a sewage and chemical kind of smell from the water. I'm really starting to get annoyed...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • Location: Warangal, Telangana Depth - 200ft 10ft to 45ft- Soild Rock 45ft to 55f - Weak soil + Water 55ft to 200ft Rock Casing - Till 60 ft - 8inch Dia (6mm PVC pipe ) 60ft to 200 -> 6 inch Dia no casing We drilled the borewell with above stats and after few months when we tried to install...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 5 months agoread more
  • Alternative Futures: India Unshackled is a book that brings together scenarios of an India that is politically and socially egalitarian, radically democratic, economically sustainable and equitable, and socio-culturally diverse and harmonious. Edited by KJ Joy and Ashish Kothari, with a foreword by ...
    priyadposted 1 year 5 months agoread more

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In Aleppey district of Kerala is there any borewell water test lab? Else in Kerala where is water test lab near to Alleppey district ?

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Our borewell is drilled till 310 feet and CI pipes are put inside till 240 feet due to presence of hard rock. We have installed 1hp motor at the depth of 210 feet. After flushing the water for many days we didn’t get clear water. But after 20 days water start clearing and we stopped further flushing. However, we get clean water only for after 10 minutes but the clear water still have some traces of minute particles. The water level at our borewell is at10feet depth when full. So what we can do for clear water supply?

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Policy matters this week

NGT orders performance audit for management of solid waste

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Farmer Thangavel tastes success with date farming in the drought-prone region of Vidarbha.

In a drought-prone region like Vidarbha in Maharashtra, mostly in the news for water scarcity and farmer suicide, it is not every day that you hear the success story of a farmer. That's why the story of Savi Thangavel, 69, a resident of Mohegaon village which is just 22 km from Nagpur, is special. He took up date farming when nobody even thought about it and became the first successful date farmer in the region.

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Hello, I am trying to dig borewell for irrigation purpose in my farm land but my neighbour farmer who is having his borewell from 150 feet from my location is obstructing me. Is there any regulation for drilling borewell for farming purpose. I went to local police but they have no clue about any rules.

Is there any regulation for drilling borewell in farming land, if yes, then please share the link with me.

Thanks & Regards

Vaibhav (vaibhavbhor@gmail.com)

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We have a borewell that hasn't been used for close to two years. Can I get the wiring fixed and start running it right away or should we get the motor out and get it serviced before running it?

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Hello,

There is silt in my borewell which gets extracted into the water storage tank, because of this drinking water unit needs frequent replacement. Please provide solution for filtering of silt prior to collection in storage tank. Please suggest the options which could be helpful. 

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Hello,

I have a borewell with 350 feet depth, suddenly we got a problem with wire which is connected to the motor placed at the bottom of the borewell. We tried to pull the motor and pipes with borewell machine and chain-type machine, but both have not worked. Now motor and pipes are still there at 160 feet from bottom. Could you please help me provide solution to pull the motor and pipe. I am from Kappalabanda Village, Puttaparthi Mandal, Ananthapur District, Andhra Pradesh - 9866791297

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Dear Sir,

I am unable drill below 60 ft in Chennai, Manapakkam area. The local drillers refused to drill below this level as their drill bit is getting obstructed by the small stones. They worry their bit may be damaged. I tried twice with different drillers and failed both times at this depth. The stones are small similar to the gravels used for roads and building. As soon as they remove the drill bit the stones closes the hole and the pipe is not getting below 50 ft.

Need your kind advise.

Best Regards, T. Dharmasivam,

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I have dug a borewell in my agricultural land 8 kms away from Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu. At 420 ft totally heavy hard rock is present under the soil. I found some little water inside the borewell (nearly 60 ft)but when I used test motor the water was very less. Please advice me do I have to re-dug the same, or take a new point. Mine is a rocky area. Also, is it possible to recharge the borewell and if I recharge the borewell, will it work in my hard rock land. Please help.

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