Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • I am from Chennai and live in an apartment with three blocks, for all the blocks submersible pump is installed and working fine. Two of blocks have no problem in pulling up the water but my block has problem in pulling up the water. The plumber informed us that the water level is low and the pump pu...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • What type of borewell cleaning method will be successful? Having problem of water accumulation inside borewell. Water pumping stops in 5 minutes when using pumping motor.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • I have drilled a new borewell and it is 240 feet. Yesterday I have installed a pump at 200 feet, I have found water at 140 feet but the pump got jammed. Please let me know what is the problem? Is it due to less water or sand problem?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • Our borewell is about 900ft depth. During drilling there was no water but little bit of wet soil came out after drilling about 400 ft. We are so disappointed. Nearby sites are having good yield of water at around 200 to 300 fts itself. The driller hopes that it will yield about 0.75 inches water whi...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • There is a borewell which is almost 20yrs old, which has not been used till date, as there was little water source. I do not know, how deep it is, but my relatives tell me its more than 500 feet deep. I recently lowered a rope with brick to check for water, these are my findings: Water present at 10...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • I need to select a pump for my new borewell. It is 25 mtr in depth. I need to pump water for domestic purpose tank 10 mtr above ground. Which typ of pump will suit the purpose?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 3 months agoread more
  • We have a borewell of 200 feet, 4.5 inch dia. Couple of years back one submersible motor got stuck at 180 feet while removing for repair. The bore mechanic was not able to remove it, so we bought another submersible motor and installed it above the existing motor at 180 feet. Now we want to re-drill...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • Hello, We are a housing society in Mumbai. We have obtained permission for borewell and drilled the borewell and have dug the ringwell pit around the borewell. So this will be for borewell recharge. We have dug another ringwell, this will be for groundwater recharge. We want to know if any permissi...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • Sir, Recently drilled new bore hole of 250 ft. Water is salty and smelly. Bore hole is near to drainage pipe, could that be a reason for smelly water. Is there any way to get rid of this smell? Appreciate your advice. 
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • Can you please help me with contact details of people who can identify borewell point in agriculture land near Belgaum?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • Recently, I had dug a borewell of 270 feet and I want to place the water tank on top of my two storeyed building, so I request you to suggest me a good submersible pump for domestic use.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • I got 2 inches of water at 70 feet, then while drilling we found only soil, no rocks up to 200 feet. During this time the 2 inch water also disappeared. We drilled up to 320 feet, at 290 feet again we got 3 inch of water with muddy color. Then we stopped at 320 feet. After that we fitted pump & ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • We had borewell with depth of 560 feet. We re-drilled it to get to 700 feet. After 600 feet we got clay type mud. At 670 feet we got about 4 inch water and we finished drill till 690 feet. After 10 hours when we started putting motor in the borewell it went till 610 feet. There was only muddy water ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • Our apartment complex in Bengaluru has sloping roof which does not allow us to have a roof top collection of rainwater. All that water comes down and flows on the roads of the complex to the lowest point in our complex before it goes out. Can this water which has traversed the complex on ground leve...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • Tamil Nadu is one of the most water-vulnerable states in India that depends heavily on groundwater for irrigation. As high as 56 percent of land in the state is currently irrigated by groundwater and the remaining by tanks and canals. The provision of subsidies by the state government for irrigation...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • Are there any borewell scanning contractors in Chennai?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • I have dug my borewell till 515 feets after 450 feets I found water. While testing we used five HP motor which gave two inch water flow for 25 mins, afterwards there is continuous flow of 0.75 inch for whole day and if we stop for 1-2 hrs it gives 2 inches water for 15 mins. Please suggest how much ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • We bought a used house in January 2019. They bored a well upto 700 ft and installed 2 hp submersible pump at 590 ft with 1 inch pipe. We did some renovation work. At the beginning of the month of May, amp meter went higher, but we didn't get water. Technicians checked the panel board for inspecting ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • Dear Sir, Two years back the motor and pump set were stuck in the borewell at our residence. When we tried to take it out, the hose and wires came out leaving the set in the borewell itself. Possibly it was stuck in mud. Technicians told us to use another set, so we left the old set in borewell its...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more
  • Hello, I need contact of a hydrogeologist for drilling a borewell near Coimbatore (Sirumugai).
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 4 months agoread more

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We have 235 feet borewell at home and we use texmo compression motor to pump. We observed that the water is not pumped up to the water tank from past few days. We could see meagre water in tank even if motor is running for more than an hour. We already had a borewell with 90ft depth and since there was no water, we installed new one last year with a depth of 235ft after checking with experts. We did not face any issues till date and the electrician has checked the motor and confirmed no issues with it.

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Hello,

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I have a borewell depth of 650 ft and I have fixed a 3hp 40 stage single phase Texmo pump, because of the silt the pump run only once and its not running now. What should I do now to pump the water. Is there any way to use the same pump by doing any process or should I go for compressor pump. If yes, then of what capacity?

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Does borewell recharge requires removal of submersible pump? 

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People come together to dig community ponds in Dungarpur, to fight water scarcity.

While most parts of the country are facing a water crisis, here’s a case from the arid state of Rajasthan, where decentralized initiatives are solving water issues. Dungarpur in southern Rajasthan has exemplified how community participation with local level planning processes are working towards improving rainwater harvesting and recharge of groundwater.

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How to lift broken motor from a borewell at 400ft depth?

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We have a borewell of 1120 ft and from the day we have installed motor excess sand coming out with water. Initally we had put 20 Hp pump and motor at 300 ft, delivery 3 inch but the pump got damaged in 7 days due to sand. Then we put new pump of 20 hp and that also got damaged after 10-12 days & bore got punctured and water of upper table got mix in borewell which is of 2500 TDS. After 15-20 days bore got repaired and puncture done and we put 12 HP 12 stage pump but still it is throwing sand and TDS is still 1800. Actual tds at that level is 300.

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Team Malhar, students of Water Policy and Governance (WPG) and alumni of Tata Institute of Social Science, Mumbai in partnership with RRA Network proudly present the third annual session of "WATER TALK SERIES" on 7th September, 2019 at TISS, Mumbai

September 7, 2019 9:30AM - September 7, 2019 5:30PM
September 6, 2019 12:30PM

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We had dug a borewell in February and it yielded water. But we did not use the borewell for 6 months and now the bore well has dried up ( even after the rains of July). Is there a possibility to revive the borewell?

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Hi,

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