Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • I have a borewell with a depth of 365 ft in which I have installed a 3/20 submersible pump. However, due to low voltage issue I am not able to extract the water. It is extracted only when nearby motors are switched off. What should I do?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 8 months 1 week agoread more
  • India is running out of water fast. As if this is not bad news enough, it has been found that even the available water is highly polluted with organic and hazardous pollutants. Infact, a recent Water Aid report finds that India is among the top countries with the worst access to clean water clo...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 8 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hi, I am a farmer and totally depends on farming for my livelihood. I want to dig a borewell in my field. Can it be tested properly so that I can get an idea of where to drill?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 8 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • We have put borewell at 165 feet with casing 72 feet. The drilling was stopped at165 feet due to loose soil and we have inserted filter pipe at 110feet. We have doubt whether we will get sufficient water.Pls share your valuable suggestions.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 8 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • We dug a borewell of 560 ft full casing. Found water at 420 ft after the black hard rock layer vanished at 400ft. Continued drilling red soil (which is suggested to have water) for further upto 560 ft. In summer we did the bore and checked it, the water level raised and came to 300ft. Later we insta...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 8 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Basanti Haldar (45) has been living in a slum at Kalikapur in Kolkata for over two decades. She works as a domestic help in an upscale locality in the neighbourhood. She is happy nowadays due to an increase in her income.  The installation of Automated Dispensing Units (ADU) has not only provi...
    arathiposted 8 months 4 weeks agoread more
  • Hello Everyone, Kindly help me in deciding the no of stages required for the below borewell: Borewell depth: 910 ft; Planning to install Motor at 800ft; I got permisssion to install 7.5 hp motor. So, how to calculate the no of stages required. Kindly help me. Thanks, Sivamoorthy.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 20 hours agoread more
  • In Aleppey district of Kerala is there any borewell water test lab? Else in Kerala where is water test lab near to Alleppey district ?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 4 days agoread more
  • Our borewell is drilled till 310 feet and CI pipes are put inside till 240 feet due to presence of hard rock. We have installed 1hp motor at the depth of 210 feet. After flushing the water for many days we didn’t get clear water. But after 20 days water start clearing and we stopped further flushi...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 1 week agoread more
  • NGT orders performance audit for management of solid waste In order to ensure adherence to the Compliance of Municipal Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016, the National Green Tribunal has ordered the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs to carry out a performance audit. In the initial stage, the au...
    swatiposted 9 months 1 week agoread more
  • In a drought-prone region like Vidarbha in Maharashtra, mostly in the news for water scarcity and farmer suicide, it is not every day that you hear the success story of a farmer. That's why the story of Savi Thangavel, 69, a resident of Mohegaon village which is just 22 km from Nagpur, is speci...
    makarandpurohitposted 9 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hello, I am trying to dig borewell for irrigation purpose in my farm land but my neighbour farmer who is having his borewell from 150 feet from my location is obstructing me. Is there any regulation for drilling borewell for farming purpose. I went to local police but they have no clue about any rul...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • We have a borewell that hasn't been used for close to two years. Can I get the wiring fixed and start running it right away or should we get the motor out and get it serviced before running it?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Hello, There is silt in my borewell which gets extracted into the water storage tank, because of this drinking water unit needs frequent replacement. Please provide solution for filtering of silt prior to collection in storage tank. Please suggest the options which could be helpful. 
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 4 weeks agoread more
  • Hello, I have a borewell with 350 feet depth, suddenly we got a problem with wire which is connected to the motor placed at the bottom of the borewell. We tried to pull the motor and pipes with borewell machine and chain-type machine, but both have not worked. Now motor and pipes are still there at...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 1 day agoread more
  • Dear Sir, I am unable drill below 60 ft in Chennai, Manapakkam area. The local drillers refused to drill below this level as their drill bit is getting obstructed by the small stones. They worry their bit may be damaged. I tried twice with different drillers and failed both times at this depth. The...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 1 week agoread more
  • I have dug a borewell in my agricultural land 8 kms away from Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu. At 420 ft totally heavy hard rock is present under the soil. I found some little water inside the borewell (nearly 60 ft)but when I used test motor the water was very less. Please advice me do I have to re-dug the...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hi, We have done bore cleaning recently at depth of 340 Feet, and placed the borewell motor at 300 Ft. Now after cleaning the bore with compressor still the water is muddy. Could you please advise corrective action to be carried to get the water clean from borewell. Kindly advise possible solution t...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Hi, I live in a flat comprising of about nine houses. We live in Maduravoyal, Chennai. Due to scarcity of water from well, we dug 100 feet borewell pump in which water started flowing from 20 feet itself. Hose is set at 80 feet because of more dust particles and we pump water using 1HP jet pump fro...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Dear Sir, I had dug a borewell at my farm in Doddaballapur for a total length of 320 feet and fixed a taxmo pump motor of 7.5 HP at the depth of 180 ft as the motor could not be lowered further and got jammed at that level. Have used Ashirwad plastic pipes. After using motor for about 7-8 months, t...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 3 weeks agoread more

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We drilled 7 inch borewell for agricultural purpose. Hit the rock at 66 feet. Encountered 3 inches of water at 100 feet. After 110 feet loose soil encountered. The water was very muddy. The contractor stopped drilling after 205 feet. What should I do? The borewell has dried now. Is furthur drilling possible for more depth?

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I have 350 ft deep borwell in field. There is presence of stone at 295 ft which is not allowing the motor to get inserted into the borewell. Even flushing the borewell twice did not work. Is there any chemical agent available for stone cracking. Please advise.

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Study shows a rapid decline in usable groundwater between 2005 and 2013 leading to the risk of severe food crisis and drinking water scarcity for millions of people.

India is the largest user of groundwater in the world. It uses an estimated 230 km3 of groundwater per year, which is over a quarter of the global total. About 85 percent of rural drinking water needs, 65 percent of irrigation needs and 50 percent of urban drinking water and industrial needs are fulfilled with groundwater.

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Civil society activists champion alternatives to conventional water management solutions implemented by the government.

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Please provide information of consultants in Bengaluru for finding out the water points for installing a borewell. How to know if the well is dry? 

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I dug a borewell of 260ft depth. However, after the boring was done and the process of washing was initiated by compressor, the sand started coming out continuously and it did not stop. Please tell me the solution?

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I am from Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu. I digged borewell of 940 ft depth but but did not find water or wet sand. Only powder is coming from the borewell. What shall I do now? Shall I close the borewell or is there any way to find water in the borewell?Please suggest.

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I am from Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu. I have a borewell of 1000 feet with 1/2 to 3/4 inch water source I have decided to use my compressor for getting water. Please clarify what inch hdpe hose should be used for getting better results and which brand would be good.

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What submersible motors sould be used for 7 inch casing pipes for to extract borewell water?

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