Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

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  • Hello, I have two bore wells on my premises. One of which is being used regularly. Another one is unused as the first one is giving sufficient water for current usage, Recently I was advised (maybe wrongly) that if I do not use water from the bore well, the underlying water will flow to neighborhoo...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 11 hours agoread more
  • Hi, We had an old borewell with 70 feet depth in our house in West mambalam, Chennai. After 10 years of use, the pipe was struck after the floods and water was not coming. We drilled new borewell one year back - 260 feet depth. Rock was hit at 80 feet and casing was done for approximately same dept...
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  • Hi, We have an query regarding compression pump / submersible pump for domestic use in our native place. We have shallow installed which is currently working via Hand pump. The shallow / bore well is 600 feet deep, with 70 - 80ft 4in pipe and remaining 520-530 ft in 2in pipe. During summer water le...
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  • Hello, We have an query regarding recommendation of a compression pump / submersible pump for use in our native place, Midnapore District, West Bengal. We have shallow / borewell installed which is currently working via hand pump. The borewell is 600 feet deep, with 70 - 80ft having 4in pipe and re...
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  • Dear All, I have a property in Madipakkam, Chennai. I drilled borewell in the year 2000 in my property at about 200 ft. From that time till now, I am getting only one bucket of water, approximately equivalent to 50 litres per day till now. I feel that this is very low and so am thinking of reinspe...
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  • Namaste, Our borewell report indicates the following : - 450 feet depth - 180 feet water - 2.75" yield, Currently, there is no tank, but let us assume that there will be a overhead tank around 50 feet higher. Questions : - What would be the submersible pump specification needed? - What power is ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 1 month agoread more
  • Hi, We have a 400ft borewell dig that got drained recently. We would like to go until 1000ft and as it is a constructed house, we cannot go with normal borewell lorry. One of the borewell company suggested for underroof compact drillers like below: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KQdQs5adTag. More ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 1 month agoread more
  • Respected sir, We are from Visakhapatnam, and we do all kinds of water treatment works. We design borewell water treatment for utility purposes only and we want to establish a filtration system at a low budget. What treatment method can be used to remove chlorides, CL is 2240 ppm, hardness at 2380 ...
    Akkeni Chiranje...posted 1 year 1 month agoread more
  • Dear Sir, We dug a borewell in 2017 upto 290 feet of 6 inch. After a year, the submersible pump got stuck. Now, we have recovered the pump and again dug up to 350 feet. After the bore well digging process, we tried to place the submersible pump into it, but it got stuck at 80 feet and the casing is...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 1 month agoread more
  • Dear Sir, The motor of a bore well which we dug around 290 feet in 2017 got stuck . The motor was removed and re-boring of 6 inch was done upto 350 feet . After the re-boring too, we feel that something is still stuck in the borewell, which is making it difficult to place the submersible pump in th...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 1 month agoread more

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Farmer Thangavel tastes success with date farming in the drought-prone region of Vidarbha.

In a drought-prone region like Vidarbha in Maharashtra, mostly in the news for water scarcity and farmer suicide, it is not every day that you hear the success story of a farmer. That's why the story of Savi Thangavel, 69, a resident of Mohegaon village which is just 22 km from Nagpur, is special. He took up date farming when nobody even thought about it and became the first successful date farmer in the region.

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Hello, I am trying to dig borewell for irrigation purpose in my farm land but my neighbour farmer who is having his borewell from 150 feet from my location is obstructing me. Is there any regulation for drilling borewell for farming purpose. I went to local police but they have no clue about any rules.

Is there any regulation for drilling borewell in farming land, if yes, then please share the link with me.

Thanks & Regards

Vaibhav (vaibhavbhor@gmail.com)

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We have a borewell that hasn't been used for close to two years. Can I get the wiring fixed and start running it right away or should we get the motor out and get it serviced before running it?

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Hello,

There is silt in my borewell which gets extracted into the water storage tank, because of this drinking water unit needs frequent replacement. Please provide solution for filtering of silt prior to collection in storage tank. Please suggest the options which could be helpful. 

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Hello,

I have a borewell with 350 feet depth, suddenly we got a problem with wire which is connected to the motor placed at the bottom of the borewell. We tried to pull the motor and pipes with borewell machine and chain-type machine, but both have not worked. Now motor and pipes are still there at 160 feet from bottom. Could you please help me provide solution to pull the motor and pipe. I am from Kappalabanda Village, Puttaparthi Mandal, Ananthapur District, Andhra Pradesh - 9866791297

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Dear Sir,

I am unable drill below 60 ft in Chennai, Manapakkam area. The local drillers refused to drill below this level as their drill bit is getting obstructed by the small stones. They worry their bit may be damaged. I tried twice with different drillers and failed both times at this depth. The stones are small similar to the gravels used for roads and building. As soon as they remove the drill bit the stones closes the hole and the pipe is not getting below 50 ft.

Need your kind advise.

Best Regards, T. Dharmasivam,

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I have dug a borewell in my agricultural land 8 kms away from Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu. At 420 ft totally heavy hard rock is present under the soil. I found some little water inside the borewell (nearly 60 ft)but when I used test motor the water was very less. Please advice me do I have to re-dug the same, or take a new point. Mine is a rocky area. Also, is it possible to recharge the borewell and if I recharge the borewell, will it work in my hard rock land. Please help.

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Hi, We have done bore cleaning recently at depth of 340 Feet, and placed the borewell motor at 300 Ft. Now after cleaning the bore with compressor still the water is muddy. Could you please advise corrective action to be carried to get the water clean from borewell. Kindly advise possible solution to clean the borewell water if it does not get clean after bore the cleaning work.

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Hi,

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