Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • Borewell was digged two weeks back, it is was giving enough water. Due to some reason motor got burnt, we took it out, repaird it & ran again. After running for two hours it stopped. We tried to start again but it never started, then we tried to take out the motor pump from the borewell to check...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 1 week agoread more
  • Dear Sir, I have purchased a pump with borewell recently. New Pump Rating - 12.5 HP. Existing Motor - 7.5 HP Existing Site detail 1. Bore depth – 350 Feet 2. Water Level – 250 Feet 3. Current Bore-well – 300 Feet (20*15 Pipes) or vertical length, 4. Pipe Size – 2 Inch or 50 MM 5. Horizontal...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 1 week agoread more
  • Hi The borewell water in our home shows a TDS of 1150. Could you recommend a solution for lowering it to less than 100. Its causing unsightly stains on the floor, walls, sinks, taps etc. Your advice would be greatly appreciated. This is for my home of 8 persons.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 1 week agoread more
  • A resident of Bajankheda village in Ratlam district of Madhya Pradesh, Sitabai Tindor shows her pot full of water to us. A strange red, the water looks unusual. “We have been using this red water for domestic use for the last two decades. Industries in Ratlam has spoilt our land and water. The gov...
    makarandpurohitposted 9 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Hello. I'm Sriganesh from salem. I live in the main part of the urban city. I have a borewell that is unused and it has good amounts of water. I dont want to waste it. Suggest me some good feasible ideas that I can work out to start earning from it. Thanks in advance.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 3 days agoread more
  • Groundwater is a major source of water for a large number of Indians with 66 percent rural households and 27 percent urban households directly depending on it for drinking purposes, as per Census 2011. There is a greater daily dependence on groundwater for non-potable uses. Almost 75 percent of Ind...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 10 months 3 days agoread more
  • Basubai is a mother of three young children—Ajay (9), Manju (11) and Sonu (13). She is married to Mukesh Singh in Jamniamota village in Bakaner block in Dhar district, Madhya Pradesh. Annoyed by the yellowing and staining of the teeth of her children, she would always complain to her husband ...
    arathiposted 10 months 1 week agoread more
  • Hello Sir, I have drill borewell of 380 ft. and got water for 2 .1/2 inch at 345 ft, but now the borewell is filled sand upto 330 ft. Can you please suggest, what I have to do now, do I have to put inner casing after flush, how much inner casing I have to put, I remember I got loose sand at 95 ft t...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 1 week agoread more
  • In India, although we have approximately four months of monsoon (which is basically 45 days of effective rainfall), in drought prone areas, there are only 10-15 days of harvestable rain in the entire season. If you don't get enough rain during those days, it's a cause for worry. Given that evaporat...
    priyadposted 10 months 1 week agoread more
  • We recently drilled borewell in our car parking area. We created a pit around the borewell and covered it with a slab and cemented its sides. Now it is air-tight packed. My question is, when water is sucked by motor, will vaccum be created and disturb the surrounding soil or damage the motor?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • A growing demand for water implies the need for an improved understanding of our resources, and the ability to manage that demand in an equitable and sustainable way. Wells, not dams, have been the temples of modern India India is a groundwater economy. At 260 cubic km per year, our country is the...
    priyadposted 10 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hello Sir, I live in Kolkata under Kolkata Municipality. Sir, I wated to ask you if I have to take any permission from municipality for borewell? Please give me the solution. Thanks
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Sir, We are residing in Saraswathi nagar, Adambakkam,Chennai. We have a bore well pump 90 feet below. It was drilled 16 years back. But now it has stopped pumping water. We doubt if ground water exists. Can the same bore be flushed out and tried again? Shall we drill a new Borewell? Pl kindly sugg...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Up until two decades ago, the main sources of drinking water in Rajasthan included surface water from perennial ponds, reservoirs, lakes, dams, rivers and streams with borewells and tubewells used sparingly and only in remote areas. All this changed when guinea worm infections started appearing in t...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 10 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Kindly provide me the legal standards/procedure to dig borewell in a private land but near a forest land.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Hello, We cleaned our borewell in 2016 for silt deposition problems due to which we got a rotten stinking smell in tap waters. I would like to know what is the exact frequency of cleaning borewell for a silt problem? I am again getting rotten smell in my borewell now. Previously it was cleaned in 2...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Please suggest reliable automation solution to mange on/off compressor motor by taking consideration into the following 1. Water level in the overhead tank to avoid overflow 2. Dry run protection 3. Timer automation to avoid motor running long time at a stretch during summer
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 11 months 13 hours agoread more
  • Punjab introduces “Paani Bacho, Paise Kamao” scheme to motivate farmers to pump less Aimed at improving water use efficiency, the Punjab State Power Corporation Limited has come up with a new scheme, “Paani Bacho, Paise Kamao”. Under this, farmers will be compensated for decreased use ...
    seetha@indiawat...posted 11 months 18 hours agoread more
  • World Bank approves Atal Bhujal Yojana to improve groundwater management The World Bank has approved Rs 6,000-crore Atal Bhujal Yojana which aims to improve groundwater management in priority areas through community participation over a period of five years. Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Prad...
    seetha@indiawat...posted 11 months 1 week agoread more
  • Rajasthan is all geared up for the open defecation free (ODF) status well before the national deadline of October 2, 2019. According to the assistant engineer of the nagar parishad, Resha Singh, 4.75 lakh toilets have been constructed since October 2, 2014 in Alwar district which is about to be decl...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 11 months 1 week agoread more

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There are many reasons why we see more droughts in India these days. Here is all the information that you need to know droughts better.

Droughts are one of the most feared natural calamities in India impacting food production, the economy as well as the morale of millions of farmers in a country where

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I have a borewell with a depth of 365 ft in which I have installed a 3/20 submersible pump. However, due to low voltage issue I am not able to extract the water. It is extracted only when nearby motors are switched off. What should I do?

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A study finds drinking water in peri-urban areas around Bengaluru has high levels of bacteriological and chemical contaminants making it unfit for consumption.

India is running out of water fast. As if this is not bad news enough, it has been found that even the available water is highly polluted with organic and hazardous pollutants. Infact, a recent Water Aid report finds that India is among the top countries with the worst access to clean water close to homes.

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Hi,

I am a farmer and totally depends on farming for my livelihood. I want to dig a borewell in my field. Can it be tested properly so that I can get an idea of where to drill?

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We have put borewell at 165 feet with casing 72 feet. The drilling was stopped at165 feet due to loose soil and we have inserted filter pipe at 110feet. We have doubt whether we will get sufficient water.Pls share your valuable suggestions.

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We dug a borewell of 560 ft full casing. Found water at 420 ft after the black hard rock layer vanished at 400ft. Continued drilling red soil (which is suggested to have water) for further upto 560 ft. In summer we did the bore and checked it, the water level raised and came to 300ft. Later we installed submersible pump of 12.5 hp with 12 head (50ft each). The motor was giving 2inch water with no pressure later we installed a motor to 470 ft in search of 2inch pressure but the water vanished and the water extraction came down to 1/2 inches.

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While potable water dispensing units provided under WASH has come as a boon to Kalikapur slum residents, they struggle to meet other water needs due to lack of piped water.

Basanti Haldar (45) has been living in a slum at Kalikapur in Kolkata for over two decades. She works as a domestic help in an upscale locality in the neighbourhood. She is happy nowadays due to an increase in her income. 

The installation of Automated Dispensing Units (ADU) has not only provided her with clean potable water but have also saved her from the cumbersome job of standing in long serpentine queues for a bucket of water. She has time for more work that has also helped her earn better. 

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Hello Everyone,

Kindly help me in deciding the no of stages required for the below borewell:

Borewell depth: 910 ft; Planning to install Motor at 800ft; I got permisssion to install 7.5 hp motor.

So, how to calculate the no of stages required. Kindly help me. Thanks, Sivamoorthy.

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In Aleppey district of Kerala is there any borewell water test lab? Else in Kerala where is water test lab near to Alleppey district ?

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Our borewell is drilled till 310 feet and CI pipes are put inside till 240 feet due to presence of hard rock. We have installed 1hp motor at the depth of 210 feet. After flushing the water for many days we didn’t get clear water. But after 20 days water start clearing and we stopped further flushing. However, we get clean water only for after 10 minutes but the clear water still have some traces of minute particles. The water level at our borewell is at10feet depth when full. So what we can do for clear water supply?

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