Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • In Aleppey district of Kerala is there any borewell water test lab? Else in Kerala where is water test lab near to Alleppey district ?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 7 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Our borewell is drilled till 310 feet and CI pipes are put inside till 240 feet due to presence of hard rock. We have installed 1hp motor at the depth of 210 feet. After flushing the water for many days we didn’t get clear water. But after 20 days water start clearing and we stopped further flushi...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 7 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • NGT orders performance audit for management of solid waste In order to ensure adherence to the Compliance of Municipal Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016, the National Green Tribunal has ordered the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs to carry out a performance audit. In the initial stage, the au...
    swatiposted 7 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • In a drought-prone region like Vidarbha in Maharashtra, mostly in the news for water scarcity and farmer suicide, it is not every day that you hear the success story of a farmer. That's why the story of Savi Thangavel, 69, a resident of Mohegaon village which is just 22 km from Nagpur, is speci...
    makarandpurohitposted 7 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Hello, I am trying to dig borewell for irrigation purpose in my farm land but my neighbour farmer who is having his borewell from 150 feet from my location is obstructing me. Is there any regulation for drilling borewell for farming purpose. I went to local police but they have no clue about any rul...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 8 months 1 week agoread more
  • We have a borewell that hasn't been used for close to two years. Can I get the wiring fixed and start running it right away or should we get the motor out and get it serviced before running it?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 8 months 1 week agoread more
  • Hello, There is silt in my borewell which gets extracted into the water storage tank, because of this drinking water unit needs frequent replacement. Please provide solution for filtering of silt prior to collection in storage tank. Please suggest the options which could be helpful. 
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 8 months 1 week agoread more
  • Hello, I have a borewell with 350 feet depth, suddenly we got a problem with wire which is connected to the motor placed at the bottom of the borewell. We tried to pull the motor and pipes with borewell machine and chain-type machine, but both have not worked. Now motor and pipes are still there at...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 8 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Dear Sir, I am unable drill below 60 ft in Chennai, Manapakkam area. The local drillers refused to drill below this level as their drill bit is getting obstructed by the small stones. They worry their bit may be damaged. I tried twice with different drillers and failed both times at this depth. The...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 8 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • I have dug a borewell in my agricultural land 8 kms away from Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu. At 420 ft totally heavy hard rock is present under the soil. I found some little water inside the borewell (nearly 60 ft)but when I used test motor the water was very less. Please advice me do I have to re-dug the...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 8 months 4 weeks agoread more
  • Hi, We have done bore cleaning recently at depth of 340 Feet, and placed the borewell motor at 300 Ft. Now after cleaning the bore with compressor still the water is muddy. Could you please advise corrective action to be carried to get the water clean from borewell. Kindly advise possible solution t...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 6 days agoread more
  • Hi, I live in a flat comprising of about nine houses. We live in Maduravoyal, Chennai. Due to scarcity of water from well, we dug 100 feet borewell pump in which water started flowing from 20 feet itself. Hose is set at 80 feet because of more dust particles and we pump water using 1HP jet pump fro...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 1 week agoread more
  • Dear Sir, I had dug a borewell at my farm in Doddaballapur for a total length of 320 feet and fixed a taxmo pump motor of 7.5 HP at the depth of 180 ft as the motor could not be lowered further and got jammed at that level. Have used Ashirwad plastic pipes. After using motor for about 7-8 months, t...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 1 week agoread more
  • Hello all, We have 2 existing borewells as point marked by water dividers. We are not getting water from borewells. One of borewell has been dug upto the depth of 350 ft. We are getting very less water if we run motor once in a week. Please suggest either to go deeper on this or find new water poin...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 1 week agoread more
  • While drilling a borewell air gushed out of a nearby borewell, so we had to stop drilling. Please provide suggestion.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hello, I live in an apartment complex that has 9 high-rise towers (14 floors each) & has about 614 residential units, in Bangalore, South. We have been relying on external water supply vendor which is priced exorbitantly. (For toilet flush, we do have STP water supply). We are looking to h...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hello Sir, Recently I had dug a borewell for 300 ft in Chennai. I did not see any water splashing out during digging process. But in the evening when I dropped a stone, I could here water splashing inside. So I continually watched the water level for next 4 days and following is the observation: D...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 1 day agoread more
  • Hi Team, We had dug up a hand bore 10 years back and were using a 1hp motor. All of a sudden, water stopped. We replaced our motor with a submersible one. Now the water is coming but it's too muddy. We have cleaned and removed the silt. We have also gushed out muddy water for a week now but the issu...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 5 days agoread more
  • (Question received through email) Dear Sir, We drilled a borewell (for domestic purpose) near Chennimalai in Erode District in September, 2017 upto 1060 feet. It was completely rocky upto 900 feet and then we could find water source (about one inch according to the borewell driller)...
    swatiposted 10 months 1 week agoread more
  • I have a submersible pump installed at my hometown - Gonda in UP. The water comes out good if we use the running water while the pump is running. However, the stored water turns to brownish red after 10 mins. It also leaves a lot of sleuth ( brownish red ) on all the buckets, tap and shower head. We...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 1 week agoread more

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Hello,

I am from Barshi Solapur Maharashtra. Our borewell gets filled with sand regularly (450 feet total length filled with sand up to 250 feet). Is there any motor or pump that can suck out the sand regularly? Please provide any solution for this problem.

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I have a borewell of 640 feet depth and water is present at 100 feet but no water stays in the borewell as there is a hole at 620 feet. Please suggest how to block this hole.

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Hi,

I have a building G+4 floors in Bangalore Munekolala. And we have borewell which is dug at 600 ft in 2017. Till last month, there was no problem with the borewell. But from last month the water is not coming through it and currently we are depending only on tankers. There have been new buildings near by in recent times. To know the issue, I have done the borewell scanning. They have given report as below

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The tds in my borewell water is 5500, kindly suggest me how to reduce the tds to 1500?

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Dear Team,

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Hello,

We drilled a borewell eight years ago. The following are the details:

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Hi,

My borewell in Nanmangalam, Chennai is 100 ft deep. While taking the pipe out of borewell it got stuck at 20 ft. I need someone to help either to put a camera and look at what is going on and pull out the pipe. Any contact or agency in Chennai who are specialized in doing this work? Please reply to visitariv@gmail.com

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Does Supreme brand make 4.5 inch column pipes for borewell. My borewell is 300 ft deep, kindly advise me a column pipe. Can I use column pipes which have no male/female heads but only sockets at the end?

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We have around 400 feet borewell, but for some reason we did not use it for long. Recently, we tried to use the borewell but could not extract any water, so we tried to pull the motor to see if it was functioning properly. However, while pulling the motor up it fell into the borehole but the remaining cable and pipes came up. We have realised that removing the old motor or fixing the new one would cost us same. Now my question is that if we leave the old motor inside will it cause any problem in future?

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Hello,

We have three borewells on our premises which were dug when our building was constructed. They are about 700 to 850 feet in depth. One well which used to yield good amount of water has now come down to a trickle. Is it worth carrying out a hydro fracture procedure on this well?

Reji Thomas

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