Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • Borewell is drilled till 280ft. Got water at 90ft, however, after 110 ft got sand up to 160ft after that there is rock. Casing is up to 119ft. Now the motor pump is at 150ft. Getting to much sandy water. After few hours water is not coming, but the motor continues to run. This is happening again and...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 8 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • We have a new borewell with 300 feet depth and 4.5 inch dia. Need suggestion on submersible pumpset to pull water to groundfloor + three floors With 3 inch dia and 1.5 HP.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 8 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Dear team, We are living in a hilly area in Hyderabad. We have already constructed a house and its more difficult to bore now. We are looking for mini borewell now with less noise and that can be drilled upto the depth of 200-250. Thanks Dinesh
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 2 days agoread more
  • If borewell depth is 700 metres then how is groundwater level at that location is 10 meters?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 3 days agoread more
  • I am from Odisha and have 4 inch 300 ft bore since 8 years. Now, I am having a problem that, when I start the motor at first 5 min clean water comes but after that muddy water comes for 10 to 15 minutes and then clean water comes again. My water level is at 130 ft and motor is at 90 ft. I have clean...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 3 days agoread more
  • Water from a new borewell in our housing society has the composition as attached. Request for a suggestion for cost effective treatment to supply utility water for 16 families.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 9 months 1 week agoread more
  • Cyclone Bulbul causes devastation in West Bengal and Odisha Hitting the coast of India and Bangladesh on November 9th, the deadly Cyclone Bulbul has claimed twenty lives, displaced two million people and destroyed houses in West Bengal and Bangladesh. The storm brought torrential rains and strong w...
    Swati Bansalposted 9 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Pune continues to face a water crisis every summer despite having sufficient water, thanks to its geographical location and plentiful natural water assets. While enough of its water needs are taken care of by water supply from the Khadakwasla dam, the use of groundwater to meet the needs of the popu...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 10 months 1 week agoread more
  • The borewell in our house is 4 years old. From a few months since there were no rains in Bengaluru we had not used the borewell. Recently, when the borewell was turned on, there was a burning smell . When checked with the plumber, he said that the silt/mud from the water has all settled up near the ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Hello, I am looking to improve the groundwater level of my land. We currently have a borewell that supplies water to an RO Plant. I wanted to know if I can use the borewell recharge technique using my RO reject water. My local expert is saying that if we add a layer of charcoal it will act as a nat...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 11 months 3 days agoread more
  • The Water Future Conference in Bangalore last week, saw many from the scientific community, academia, research, civil society and the media come together to discuss the state of water resources across the world and in India, as well as future pathways and scenarios, and different technological and i...
    priyadposted 11 months 6 days agoread more
  • Pandutalav, a small quiet village nestled in the dry teak forests in the tribal pocket in Dewas boasts an authentic rural way of life. This little dot on the map is known for its attempts to introduce indigenous varieties of crops, in particular pearl millet these days. Mahila Jagat Lihaaz Samiti (M...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 11 months 1 week agoread more
  • Peri urban spaces swept up in the urbanisation tangle Urban growth and expansion of cities is increasing the demand for land and water, increasing pressure on resources available not only in urban, but also in peri-urban areas. State policies often use peri-urban spaces and resources to meet the ne...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 11 months 1 week agoread more
  • I have a farm in West Bengal, Purulia and we have dug a borewell of 720 feet and an 8-inch diameter. The entire bore is through stone so the casing could only be provided till 10 feet and we hit water at around 550 feet and gushing water at 650 so the bore was only possible till 720. We have made an...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 11 months 1 week agoread more
  • We have 235 feet borewell at home and we use texmo compression motor to pump. We observed that the water is not pumped up to the water tank from past few days. We could see meagre water in tank even if motor is running for more than an hour. We already had a borewell with 90ft depth and since there ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 11 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hello, I have a new borewell in Tumkur, Kallambella, where I have received water of 1.5 inches at a depth of 1050 feet borewell. A further depth of 75 feet was dug, so the total depth of borewell is at 1050 feet. I am planning for agricultural work in this 3 acres piece of land. Considering the amo...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 11 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • I have a borewell depth of 650 ft and I have fixed a 3hp 40 stage single phase Texmo pump, because of the silt the pump run only once and its not running now. What should I do now to pump the water. Is there any way to use the same pump by doing any process or should I go for compressor pump. If yes...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 11 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Does borewell recharge requires removal of submersible pump? 
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 11 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • While most parts of the country are facing a water crisis, here’s a case from the arid state of Rajasthan, where decentralized initiatives are solving water issues. Dungarpur in southern Rajasthan has exemplified how community participation with local level planning processes are working towards i...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 11 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • How to lift broken motor from a borewell at 400ft depth?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 11 months 4 weeks agoread more

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Fluorosis has turned out to be a chronic public health problem, with millions of people at high risk due to lack of clean drinking water.

I am in the middle of nowhere, out on a field visit to understand how fluoride, a deadly contaminant in groundwater has been afflicting people in some of the worst affected villages in Nalgonda, Telangana. I am thirsty as hell and would do anything to find a seemingly elusive little glass of water, but I can’t.

Restless as I am, with my thoughts running wild, I get out of the car and start walking.

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Decentralised groundwater governance frameworks that integrate democratic institutional mechanisms are needed to deal with the current groundwater crisis in India.

The challenges to sustain groundwater dependency in India are many where groundwater over extraction is not only leading to rapid depletion of the resource, but also giving rise to water quality issues in a situation where the response at the level of policy continues to be lukewarm.

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Dear team,

Recently, we had drilled a borewell at Madhanapalli area in Andhra Pradesh with 80 feet pvc casing. After drilling approximately 210 feet, there was a boulder and hevay flow of water came gushing out and drilling hammer did not rotate. We tried to drill further for 220 feet but we couldn't. Any one pls suggest, what to do now?

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Hi,

While drilling borewell the 20 feet long PVC pipe has been broken. The team told that not able to remove this pipe so only do drill again on the pipe inside and destroy it. And they did it. They told that all the pieces of plastics were removed out while giving high pressure. Is it possible to remove out all the pieces of PVC pipe and clean the borewell through the air pressure? Please advise.

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How can India change the game on groundwater management to deal with its overexploited aquifers?

After independence, India was largely food insecure but post Green Revolution around the 1970s, foodgrain production increased manifold consequently reducing food insecurity and poverty in the country, in spite of rapid population growth. Its ability to achieve targeted results was largely dependent on the explosion of groundwater abstraction mechanisms like tubewells.

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What is the minimum distance we should keep from neighbour's boundary to digg a borewell?

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I want to have a sprinkler system.

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A study finds that a number of locations in the country have high concentrations of micropollutants in groundwater posing a risk to health and environment.

Groundwater pollution due to organic micropollutants is becoming a major cause of concern in many parts of the world, where water resources are on the decline. India is the largest user of groundwater and the presence of micropollutants in groundwater has been a growing concern. What do studies on micropollutants in groundwater in India show?

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Hi,

Would like to know the specifications of motor and pump for my borewell which is 500ft deep. Is 2hp motor with 20 point sump suitable?

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Now a days people are using hose pipes for borewell instead of rigid pvc or gi pipes of 20 ft each. Can I use hose pipes for a borewell of 70 feet where water is there for 36 feet. Currently it has 60 feet x 2 pvc pipes.

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