Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

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  • What type of borewell cleaning method will be successful? Having problem of water accumulation inside borewell. Water pumping stops in 5 minutes when using pumping motor.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 2 days agoread more
  • I have drilled a new borewell and it is 240 feet. Yesterday I have installed a pump at 200 feet, I have found water at 140 feet but the pump got jammed. Please let me know what is the problem? Is it due to less water or sand problem?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 4 days agoread more
  • Our borewell is about 900ft depth. During drilling there was no water but little bit of wet soil came out after drilling about 400 ft. We are so disappointed. Nearby sites are having good yield of water at around 200 to 300 fts itself. The driller hopes that it will yield about 0.75 inches water whi...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 4 days agoread more
  • There is a borewell which is almost 20yrs old, which has not been used till date, as there was little water source. I do not know, how deep it is, but my relatives tell me its more than 500 feet deep. I recently lowered a rope with brick to check for water, these are my findings: Water present at 10...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 6 days agoread more
  • I need to select a pump for my new borewell. It is 25 mtr in depth. I need to pump water for domestic purpose tank 10 mtr above ground. Which typ of pump will suit the purpose?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 6 days agoread more
  • We have a borewell of 200 feet, 4.5 inch dia. Couple of years back one submersible motor got stuck at 180 feet while removing for repair. The bore mechanic was not able to remove it, so we bought another submersible motor and installed it above the existing motor at 180 feet. Now we want to re-drill...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • Hello, We are a housing society in Mumbai. We have obtained permission for borewell and drilled the borewell and have dug the ringwell pit around the borewell. So this will be for borewell recharge. We have dug another ringwell, this will be for groundwater recharge. We want to know if any permissi...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • Our apartment complex in Bengaluru has sloping roof which does not allow us to have a roof top collection of rainwater. All that water comes down and flows on the roads of the complex to the lowest point in our complex before it goes out. Can this water which has traversed the complex on ground leve...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Tamil Nadu is one of the most water-vulnerable states in India that depends heavily on groundwater for irrigation. As high as 56 percent of land in the state is currently irrigated by groundwater and the remaining by tanks and canals. The provision of subsidies by the state government for irrigation...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 2 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Are there any borewell scanning contractors in Chennai?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • I have dug my borewell till 515 feets after 450 feets I found water. While testing we used five HP motor which gave two inch water flow for 25 mins, afterwards there is continuous flow of 0.75 inch for whole day and if we stop for 1-2 hrs it gives 2 inches water for 15 mins. Please suggest how much ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Dear Sir, Two years back the motor and pump set were stuck in the borewell at our residence. When we tried to take it out, the hose and wires came out leaving the set in the borewell itself. Possibly it was stuck in mud. Technicians told us to use another set, so we left the old set in borewell its...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Hello, I need contact of a hydrogeologist for drilling a borewell near Coimbatore (Sirumugai).
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Hi, I am looking for groundwater/borewell point identifiers in Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu. I have a farm land I am only looking for scientific surveyors/consultants for drilling a borewell in my farm. Please let me know if you know of someone who provides such service in Tiruvannamalai dis...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Can any body help me in solving this? I have a borewell with a depth of 480 ft. Unfortunately, while drilling we encountered mud present at 440 feet along with water. We continued drilling till 480 feet and stopped. Now the concern is at what level the pump should be placed for optimum performance? ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 4 weeks agoread more
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  • Hi, I stay in Bangalore. What is the legal procedure and whom to approach, if I want a borewell in my agricultural land in Veppanapalli limits?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • I found water at 40 feet in a borewell, having a depth of 500 feet, but there is a presence of fully hard rock after 50 feet. Is this enough for domestic purpose? Also, please provide solution to the presence of hard rock. 
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 2 weeks agoread more

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I dug a borewell 180 feets and received 2 inches of water at160 feets, however, when we fit the motor, only one inch of water came out. Would want to know the reason for this?

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Hi Team,

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Hello,

We are in the process of flushing our community borewells that have dropped in yield. The vendor tells us that there is a low cost compressor flushing with 2-3 kg pressure and a high cost flushing where the rig goes in and flushes the borewell with 20 kg plus pressure. He recommends the high pressure flushing for better cleaning. I want to understand the process better and then decide . Any advice please ?

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I have a borewell of depth 700 feet in my agriculture land in Malappuram district, Kerala, with a single phase electricity connection. Kindly advise me on the most appropriate motor that I need to install for irrigation purposes.

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How one can stop digging of borewell in neighbourhood which is being dug illegally?

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INREM Foundation and The Fluoride Network have worked in Chikkaballapur extensively, to battle the problem of fluoride contamination in groundwater.

Chikkaballapur is a district in the state of Karnataka, just north of the capital Bengaluru. A peri-urban area that was once an agricultural centre for this region, today Chikkaballapur is facing a unique problem. 

Decreasing rainfall has meant increasing periods of drought for this area, which in turn has caused residents to dig deeper and deeper in search of water. In this pursuit for groundwater, they have found water… but it is contaminated with fluoride.

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What should be the distance between two agricultural borewells belonging to different farmers? 

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Decentralised communitarian technology can mitigate the water crises facing us today.

Decentralised and communitarian efforts in soil and water conservation, sustainable agriculture, afforestation and renewable energy need extensive investment, if the human race is to survive the deepening water, food, energy and climate crises.

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A study finds that farmers in south India continue to rely on borewells rather than investing in water conservation structures or demand management strategies to cope with droughts.

India is witnessing the second driest pre-monsoon season in the last 65 years. As the country eagerly eyes the monsoon clouds, the delay so far has now widened the rain deficit to 43%.

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An analysis of the new Nal se Jal scheme, promising drinking water to every household in India by 2024.

Water scarcity has a history … and that history is nothing less than the history of government. – Alatout, 2008.

Attempts to privatize water may have increased globally in the recent past, but in more general terms, governments largely control water as in India, where water is a state subject. After all, water is the only life-giving non-substitutable good; hence, controlling water means controlling life, and controlling society at large.

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