Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • Hello, What size of the cable ( 1. 5 hp pump ) and HDPE pipe can be used for a 400 ft deep borewel? Dilip, Kolhapur
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 days 9 hours agoread more
  • Hello, I live in Amaravati district, in Maharashtra. The question is about pipe material for borewell casing. Even though PVC pipe has so many advantages, why do we still continue to use MS casing pipes instead of PVC pipes? Is there any limitation of using PVC pipes for borewell application ? Tha...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 days 9 hours agoread more
  • Hello, I have dug a 6 1/2 inch borewell in my farm, I got 2 inch water at 90 feet depth and I have dug it to a total depth of 420 feet. Please advise me of in how many feet I should install a submersible and any particular model Thanks
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 days 11 hours agoread more
  • Sir. I want to send rainwater collected from rooftop etc into the ground. Kindly guide to what depth I should bore in the ground. Water levels here in Punjab are around 150-200 feet down the ground. Some say that I need to bore for 200 feet to send the water to the ground. Is it so ??
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 days 11 hours agoread more
  • Dear Sir, This is Daniel from Chennai, I am in the requirement of drilling a new bore well for approx. 300ft . I am confused as to what gauge pipe to be used for casing because of the following reasons: 1. Neighbors have advised that 4 gauge pipes might not be able to withstand the pressure from ea...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 days 11 hours agoread more
  • Groundwater depletion, a growing challenge for India Groundwater depletion is assuming serious proportions in India with extraction having increased from less than one million in 1960 to almost 24 million in 2014. Irrigation consumes as high as 90 percent of the groundwater extracted annually, whil...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 week 5 days agoread more
  • Punjab, a small state in northwest India, derives its name from the Persian words panj (five) and āb (water), meaning the "land of five rivers". Ironically, this state is now regularly in the news for its rapidly depleting groundwater levels. The most recent government repo...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 weeks 5 days agoread more
  • Kathayi, a scheduled tribe (ST) dominated village in the midst of the forested stretches of Shahnagar block in Panna district faces acute water scarcity during the 3-4 summer months. Through the government schemes, three wells and two hand pumps were installed in this 75 household village in the l...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 6 days agoread more
  • In the past few years, India has undoubtedly developed remarkably, but not enough to eradicate all the problems it has been facing, including the shortage of water. To contribute our part in the process of reducing key water risks, I, Safa Mohammed a student of eleventh grade, along with my fellow s...
    Swati Bansalposted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • The ‘Managing Aquifer Recharge and Sustaining Groundwater Use through Village-level Intervention’ (MARVI) project is being undertaken since February 2012 with the overall aim to improve the security of irrigation water supplies and enhance livelihood opportunities for rural communities in India....
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 4 weeks agoread more
  • Kachchh: A desert oasis under peril The westernmost district of India, Kachchh was long known as the arid deserted region and seldom received mention for any important economic activities. But, with the earthquake in 2001 that brought in new development policies and interventions, the region witnes...
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  • Maharashtra has the highest COVID-19 cases in the country and the government is taking a slew of measures to flatten the curve. We speak to Mr. Yusuf Kabir, WASH specialist and emergency focal point for UNICEF Mumbai, who is at the forefront of the containment efforts to find out about their efforts...
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  • Latur in Maharashtra has been facing acute drinking water scarcity over the last month and has been in news again, and that too, inspite of having piped water connections and a good monsoon this year! Indeed, availability of safe drinking water near the house can provide a number of advantages. It ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Posted By : Vikrant Pandhare Posted Date : 29/03/2020 I have 620 feet deep borewells which contains 1.5 inch water and 7.5 HP motor with 12 stages as well as outer pipeline is 2.5 inch pipe. Please let me know if 1.5 inch water in borewell is there which size pipeline should I choose? My sec...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Water is a precious natural resource that ensures human well-being. However, across the globe there is a severe water crisis, which is heightened by issues of inaccessibility and contamination. “The right to water and sanitation is a human right equal to all other human rights, which implies that ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Efforts are underway by both state and central governments to improve access to safe and adequate drinking water to people, and nationally, as on 31 December 2018, 79% of rural habitations had been covered at 40 litres per capita per day (lpcd) but only 47% at 55 lpcd. Yet, in spite of the big push ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • I have a borewell dug upto 1000 ft and the opening of the casing pipe is 2 ft below ground level. I made a manhole and covered it. The borewell is in front of our gate and below a car ramp.Unfortunately, the domestic sewage pipe passing besides this has broken and the water entered into borewell. Si...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 4 weeks agoread more
  • Millions of Indian women can take up to six trips a day to gather and transport water, which takes up a major part of their day. During scorching summers when many sources dry up, their drudgery gets even worse. Stories of girls dropping out of school to share the burden of carrying water are also n...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 4 months 1 day agoread more
  • Historically, water is a gendered burden, with women being the primary caregivers responsible for cooking, washing and cleaning chores in the house and in modern times in institutions (teachers, anganwadi and healthcare workers). Women have traditionally been associated with various w...
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  • It’s a dull reality that the state of water in the urban slum of Lalbagh near Azadpur in north Delhi was awful till a few years back. Hoards of people would queue up to get water from the public taps or the tankers along the road. Life was tough here and people got access to piped water supply onl...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 4 months 3 weeks agoread more

Pages

Hello,

What size of the cable ( 1. 5 hp pump ) and HDPE pipe can be used for a 400 ft deep borewel?

Dilip, Kolhapur

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Hello,

I live in Amaravati district, in Maharashtra. The question is about pipe material for borewell casing. Even though PVC pipe has so many advantages, why do we still continue to use MS casing pipes instead of PVC pipes? Is there any limitation of using PVC pipes for borewell application ?

Thanks

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Hello,

I have dug a 6 1/2 inch borewell in my farm, I got 2 inch water at 90 feet depth and I have dug it to a total depth of 420 feet. Please advise me of in how many feet I should install a submersible and any particular model

Thanks

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Sir.

I want to send rainwater collected from rooftop etc into the ground. Kindly guide to what depth I should bore in the ground. Water levels here in Punjab are around 150-200 feet down the ground. Some say that I need to bore for 200 feet to send the water to the ground. Is it so ??

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Dear Sir,

This is Daniel from Chennai, I am in the requirement of drilling a new bore well for approx. 300ft . I am confused as to what gauge pipe to be used for casing because of the following reasons: 1. Neighbors have advised that 4 gauge pipes might not be able to withstand the pressure from earth and might collapse . 2. Bore-well contractor has advised that it is difficult for water to seep through 6 gauge pipes as soil may block slits I am confused which to go for, please could you kindly answer urgently as we are out of water. Your help is much appreciated,

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Saurashtra, and Vidarbha and Marathwada have similar climatic and aquifer characteristics. Why do the latter suffer from droughts when Saurashtra has been able to improve its groundwater levels?

Groundwater depletion, a growing challenge for India

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The time for quick fixes is over; a comprehensive policy overhaul is urgently needed to impede the juggernaut of Punjab's groundwater depletion.

Punjab, a small state in northwest India, derives its name from the Persian words panj (five) and āb (water), meaning the "land of five rivers". Ironically, this state is now regularly in the news for its rapidly depleting groundwater levels.

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An attempt to document the geological features, water potential, and traditional wisdom around them in the Upper Ken basin.

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An initiative by the students of Oasis International School, Bengaluru, focuses on water conservation and management, while also developing universal values like empathy, gratitude, love and respect.

In the past few years, India has undoubtedly developed remarkably, but not enough to eradicate all the problems it has been facing, including the shortage of water. To contribute our part in the process of reducing key water risks, I, Safa Mohammed a student of eleventh grade, along with my fellow students of grades 7 to 12 of Oasis International School took part in this year’s Service Learning Program (SLP). Our plan was to work collaboratively to help tackle water issues in a village called Kadusonapanahalli.

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Issues in groundwater management and recharge have been dealt with in a series of booklets as a part of the MARVI project.

The ‘Managing Aquifer Recharge and Sustaining Groundwater Use through Village-level Intervention’ (MARVI) project is being undertaken since February 2012 with the overall aim to improve the security of irrigation water supplies and enhance livelihood opportunities for rural communities in India.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

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