Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • India is the largest user of groundwater in the world. It uses an estimated 230 km3 of groundwater per year, which is over a quarter of the global total. About 85 percent of rural drinking water needs, 65 percent of irrigation needs and 50 percent of urban drinking water and industrial needs are ful...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 15 hours 28 min agoread more
  • India, the second largest population in the world, is facing a water crisis with over 600 million people facing acute water shortage, as per a report by Niti Aayog, the government think-tank. India’s water crisis is expected to worsen, threatening the country’s food security as over 80 percent o...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 15 hours 52 min agoread more
  • I am from Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu. I have a borewell of 1000 feet with 1/2 to 3/4 inch water source I have decided to use my compressor for getting water. Please clarify what inch hdpe hose should be used for getting better results and which brand would be good.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 weeks 4 days agoread more
  • What submersible motors sould be used for 7 inch casing pipes for to extract borewell water?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 weeks 1 hour agoread more
  • Compiled by Pankaj Kumar S. and Alok Srivastava, Resource Persons; additional research provided by Ramya Gopalan, Research Associate and Happy Pant, Research Officer8 September 2006 Original Query: V. Kurian Baby, Socio-Economic Unit Foundation (SEUF), Kerala, Posted: 3 August 2006 Reforms in wate...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 weeks 2 days agoread more
  • The Hindu Kush Himalayas (HKH) cover 3500 kms across eight countries namely Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan. Commonly described as the “water towers for Asia” the HKH are the source of 10 major rivers including the mighty Ganges, Brahmaputra and the Ind...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 month 23 hours agoread more
  • (Received through email) Hi, I would like to know what is maximum allowed depth for a borewell? My next plot owner already went till 2000 and they are digging close to our apartment. So would need to know any norms set for maximum depth allowed by GHMC or CGWB. Regards Vinoth babu...
    swatiposted 2 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • i need to know all the points to be considered before the installation of a borewell for a family of 10 members. Location: Shela, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 15 hours agoread more
  • I am thinking to do a borewell at my house. I would like to know what would be the approximate cost for it, how deep is recommended and how long does it take to complete the work?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 19 hours agoread more
  • There is no space in my house to dig a borewell. Only space available is 10ft height and 3ft width. Is it possible to dig a borewell?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 4 days agoread more
  • Hi, We have our 100ft borewell dug in 2013. Recently our drainage got clogged and the sewage water got mixed in our borewell. Now the drainage clogging has been cleared but still the borewell water is contaminated and the water yield is very less. Is there any ways to clean my borewell? Please sugg...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 6 days agoread more
  • We have a borewell which giver smelly water during rainy days. Any reliable and perment solution to test the water and fix it to have a clean water.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 6 days agoread more
  • I have constructed a borewell near the Electronic City in Bangalore around two months back. We had dug around 1030 feet when we get 2 inches water. We stopped the borewell after digging another 5 feet as the borewell person informed that he cannot dig further. We had been getting water adequately u...
    bvsundarrajposted 3 months 1 week agoread more
  • The distance between the septic tank and borewell is 15 ft and the dimension of the septic tank is 11X6X7 ft. Is this distance between the septic tank and borewell ok or not? Any suggestions.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • We have drilled borewell upto 575 ft through sensor vehicle and used filter pipe and yet at 300ft it has been collapsed when checked through camera testing. However, at the same site we drilled  upto 73ft and installed 10" pvc pipe and drilled upto 155ft through inwell bed setting and found 3 l...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • We drilled borewell in the month of October and we went until 1120 feet but we didn't find any source of water. The drilling person mentioned that water of 0.5" is available. We thought that it is a failure and we constructed our home. After completing the home construction, I used the camera techni...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 months 1 week agoread more
  • Droughts are one of the most feared natural calamities in India impacting food production, the economy as well as the morale of millions of farmers in a country where agriculture is the livelihood of 60 percent of the population. This year too, 255 districts of the country have received deficient o...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 months 1 week agoread more
  • I have a borewell with a depth of 365 ft in which I have installed a 3/20 submersible pump. However, due to low voltage issue I am not able to extract the water. It is extracted only when nearby motors are switched off. What should I do?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • India is running out of water fast. As if this is not bad news enough, it has been found that even the available water is highly polluted with organic and hazardous pollutants. Infact, a recent Water Aid report finds that India is among the top countries with the worst access to clean water clo...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 5 months 2 days agoread more
  • Hi, I am a farmer and totally depends on farming for my livelihood. I want to dig a borewell in my field. Can it be tested properly so that I can get an idea of where to drill?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 5 months 4 days agoread more

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Study shows a rapid decline in usable groundwater between 2005 and 2013 leading to the risk of severe food crisis and drinking water scarcity for millions of people.

India is the largest user of groundwater in the world. It uses an estimated 230 km3 of groundwater per year, which is over a quarter of the global total. About 85 percent of rural drinking water needs, 65 percent of irrigation needs and 50 percent of urban drinking water and industrial needs are fulfilled with groundwater.

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Regions

Civil society activists champion alternatives to conventional water management solutions implemented by the government.

India, the second largest population in the world, is facing a water crisis with over 600 million people facing acute water shortage, as per a report by Niti Aayog, the government think-tank. India’s water crisis is expected to worsen, threatening the country’s food security as over 80 percent of our water is used in agriculture. Twenty-one cities are likely to run out of groundwater by 2020, despite increasing demand, as per the report.

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Regions

I am from Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu. I have a borewell of 1000 feet with 1/2 to 3/4 inch water source I have decided to use my compressor for getting water. Please clarify what inch hdpe hose should be used for getting better results and which brand would be good.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

What submersible motors sould be used for 7 inch casing pipes for to extract borewell water?

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Compiled by Pankaj Kumar S. and Alok Srivastava, Resource Persons; additional research provided by Ramya Gopalan, Research Associate and Happy Pant, Research Officer
8 September 2006

Original Query: V. Kurian Baby, Socio-Economic Unit Foundation (SEUF), Kerala, Posted: 3 August 2006

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

As climate change and urbanisation threaten water security in the HKH region, there is an urgent need for good water governance.

The Hindu Kush Himalayas (HKH) cover 3500 kms across eight countries namely Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan.

Attachments

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

(Received through email)

Hi,

I would like to know what is maximum allowed depth for a borewell? My next plot owner already went till 2000 and they are digging close to our apartment. So would need to know any norms set for maximum depth allowed by GHMC or CGWB.

Regards
Vinoth babus
 
 

 

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

i need to know all the points to be considered before the installation of a borewell for a family of 10 members.

Location: Shela, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

I am thinking to do a borewell at my house. I would like to know what would be the approximate cost for it, how deep is recommended and how long does it take to complete the work?

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

There is no space in my house to dig a borewell. Only space available is 10ft height and 3ft width. Is it possible to dig a borewell?

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

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