Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

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    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • India is running out of water fast. As if this is not bad news enough, it has been found that even the available water is highly polluted with organic and hazardous pollutants. Infact, a recent Water Aid report finds that India is among the top countries with the worst access to clean water clo...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 month 4 weeks agoread more
  • Hi, I am a farmer and totally depends on farming for my livelihood. I want to dig a borewell in my field. Can it be tested properly so that I can get an idea of where to drill?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 16 hours agoread more
  • Basanti Haldar (45) has been living in a slum at Kalikapur in Kolkata for over two decades. She works as a domestic help in an upscale locality in the neighbourhood. She is happy nowadays due to an increase in her income.  The installation of Automated Dispensing Units (ADU) has not only provi...
    arathiposted 2 months 6 days agoread more
  • NGT orders performance audit for management of solid waste In order to ensure adherence to the Compliance of Municipal Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016, the National Green Tribunal has ordered the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs to carry out a performance audit. In the initial stage, the au...
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  • In a drought-prone region like Vidarbha in Maharashtra, mostly in the news for water scarcity and farmer suicide, it is not every day that you hear the success story of a farmer. That's why the story of Savi Thangavel, 69, a resident of Mohegaon village which is just 22 km from Nagpur, is speci...
    makarandpurohitposted 2 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Hello, I am trying to dig borewell for irrigation purpose in my farm land but my neighbour farmer who is having his borewell from 150 feet from my location is obstructing me. Is there any regulation for drilling borewell for farming purpose. I went to local police but they have no clue about any rul...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 3 days agoread more
  • We have a borewell that hasn't been used for close to two years. Can I get the wiring fixed and start running it right away or should we get the motor out and get it serviced before running it?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 6 days agoread more
  • Hello, There is silt in my borewell which gets extracted into the water storage tank, because of this drinking water unit needs frequent replacement. Please provide solution for filtering of silt prior to collection in storage tank. Please suggest the options which could be helpful. 
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 1 week agoread more
  • Hello, I have a borewell with 350 feet depth, suddenly we got a problem with wire which is connected to the motor placed at the bottom of the borewell. We tried to pull the motor and pipes with borewell machine and chain-type machine, but both have not worked. Now motor and pipes are still there at...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 1 week agoread more
  • Dear Sir, I am unable drill below 60 ft in Chennai, Manapakkam area. The local drillers refused to drill below this level as their drill bit is getting obstructed by the small stones. They worry their bit may be damaged. I tried twice with different drillers and failed both times at this depth. The...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • I have dug a borewell in my agricultural land 8 kms away from Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu. At 420 ft totally heavy hard rock is present under the soil. I found some little water inside the borewell (nearly 60 ft)but when I used test motor the water was very less. Please advice me do I have to re-dug the...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Hi, We have done bore cleaning recently at depth of 340 Feet, and placed the borewell motor at 300 Ft. Now after cleaning the bore with compressor still the water is muddy. Could you please advise corrective action to be carried to get the water clean from borewell. Kindly advise possible solution t...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 months 2 days agoread more
  • Hi, I live in a flat comprising of about nine houses. We live in Maduravoyal, Chennai. Due to scarcity of water from well, we dug 100 feet borewell pump in which water started flowing from 20 feet itself. Hose is set at 80 feet because of more dust particles and we pump water using 1HP jet pump fro...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 months 2 days agoread more
  • Dear Sir, I had dug a borewell at my farm in Doddaballapur for a total length of 320 feet and fixed a taxmo pump motor of 7.5 HP at the depth of 180 ft as the motor could not be lowered further and got jammed at that level. Have used Ashirwad plastic pipes. After using motor for about 7-8 months, t...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 months 5 days agoread more
  • Hello all, We have 2 existing borewells as point marked by water dividers. We are not getting water from borewells. One of borewell has been dug upto the depth of 350 ft. We are getting very less water if we run motor once in a week. Please suggest either to go deeper on this or find new water poin...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 months 5 days agoread more
  • While drilling a borewell air gushed out of a nearby borewell, so we had to stop drilling. Please provide suggestion.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 months 1 week agoread more
  • Hello, I live in an apartment complex that has 9 high-rise towers (14 floors each) & has about 614 residential units, in Bangalore, South. We have been relying on external water supply vendor which is priced exorbitantly. (For toilet flush, we do have STP water supply). We are looking to h...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hello Sir, Recently I had dug a borewell for 300 ft in Chennai. I did not see any water splashing out during digging process. But in the evening when I dropped a stone, I could here water splashing inside. So I continually watched the water level for next 4 days and following is the observation: D...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Hi Team, We had dug up a hand bore 10 years back and were using a 1hp motor. All of a sudden, water stopped. We replaced our motor with a submersible one. Now the water is coming but it's too muddy. We have cleaned and removed the silt. We have also gushed out muddy water for a week now but the issu...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 5 months 14 hours agoread more

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There are many reasons why we see more droughts in India these days. Here is all the information that you need to know droughts better.

Droughts are one of the most feared natural calamities in India impacting food production, the economy as well as the morale of millions of farmers in a country where

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A study finds drinking water in peri-urban areas around Bengaluru has high levels of bacteriological and chemical contaminants making it unfit for consumption.

India is running out of water fast. As if this is not bad news enough, it has been found that even the available water is highly polluted with organic and hazardous pollutants. Infact, a recent Water Aid report finds that India is among the top countries with the worst access to clean water close to homes.

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Hi,

I am a farmer and totally depends on farming for my livelihood. I want to dig a borewell in my field. Can it be tested properly so that I can get an idea of where to drill?

Topics

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Regions

While potable water dispensing units provided under WASH has come as a boon to Kalikapur slum residents, they struggle to meet other water needs due to lack of piped water.

Basanti Haldar (45) has been living in a slum at Kalikapur in Kolkata for over two decades. She works as a domestic help in an upscale locality in the neighbourhood. She is happy nowadays due to an increase in her income. 

The installation of Automated Dispensing Units (ADU) has not only provided her with clean potable water but have also saved her from the cumbersome job of standing in long serpentine queues for a bucket of water. She has time for more work that has also helped her earn better. 

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Policy matters this week

NGT orders performance audit for management of solid waste

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Farmer Thangavel tastes success with date farming in the drought-prone region of Vidarbha.

In a drought-prone region like Vidarbha in Maharashtra, mostly in the news for water scarcity and farmer suicide, it is not every day that you hear the success story of a farmer. That's why the story of Savi Thangavel, 69, a resident of Mohegaon village which is just 22 km from Nagpur, is special. He took up date farming when nobody even thought about it and became the first successful date farmer in the region.

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Hello, I am trying to dig borewell for irrigation purpose in my farm land but my neighbour farmer who is having his borewell from 150 feet from my location is obstructing me. Is there any regulation for drilling borewell for farming purpose. I went to local police but they have no clue about any rules.

Is there any regulation for drilling borewell in farming land, if yes, then please share the link with me.

Thanks & Regards

Vaibhav (vaibhavbhor@gmail.com)

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We have a borewell that hasn't been used for close to two years. Can I get the wiring fixed and start running it right away or should we get the motor out and get it serviced before running it?

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Hello,

There is silt in my borewell which gets extracted into the water storage tank, because of this drinking water unit needs frequent replacement. Please provide solution for filtering of silt prior to collection in storage tank. Please suggest the options which could be helpful. 

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Hello,

I have a borewell with 350 feet depth, suddenly we got a problem with wire which is connected to the motor placed at the bottom of the borewell. We tried to pull the motor and pipes with borewell machine and chain-type machine, but both have not worked. Now motor and pipes are still there at 160 feet from bottom. Could you please help me provide solution to pull the motor and pipe. I am from Kappalabanda Village, Puttaparthi Mandal, Ananthapur District, Andhra Pradesh - 9866791297

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