Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

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  • We have 235 feet borewell at home and we use texmo compression motor to pump. We observed that the water is not pumped up to the water tank from past few days. We could see meagre water in tank even if motor is running for more than an hour. We already had a borewell with 90ft depth and since there ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hello, I have a new borewell in Tumkur, Kallambella, where I have received water of 1.5 inches at a depth of 1050 feet borewell. A further depth of 75 feet was dug, so the total depth of borewell is at 1050 feet. I am planning for agricultural work in this 3 acres piece of land. Considering the amo...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • I have a borewell depth of 650 ft and I have fixed a 3hp 40 stage single phase Texmo pump, because of the silt the pump run only once and its not running now. What should I do now to pump the water. Is there any way to use the same pump by doing any process or should I go for compressor pump. If yes...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Does borewell recharge requires removal of submersible pump? 
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 3 weeks agoread more
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  • How to lift broken motor from a borewell at 400ft depth?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 4 weeks agoread more
  • We have a borewell of 1120 ft and from the day we have installed motor excess sand coming out with water. Initally we had put 20 Hp pump and motor at 300 ft, delivery 3 inch but the pump got damaged in 7 days due to sand. Then we put new pump of 20 hp and that also got damaged after 10-12 days &...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 19 hours agoread more
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  • We had dug a borewell in February and it yielded water. But we did not use the borewell for 6 months and now the bore well has dried up ( even after the rains of July). Is there a possibility to revive the borewell?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 1 week agoread more
  • I am having unused borewell of depth 350 feet and 8inches dia. We left the borewell unused for more than 10 years for less water & drought. And surrounding water table gone up to 500 feet, 600 feet, 700 feet deep. Suddenly we checked the borewell, we came to know that the borewell has water at 2...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 1 week agoread more
  • I am planning to buy a land in Chennai. The developer says each plot owner have to build septic tank for sewage and also borewell for drinking water. Will the grey water from the septic tank leak and pollute the borewell. There are multiple plots. I want to know how to protect borewell water, as it ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 1 week agoread more
  • Hello, My three year old borewell with 450 depth is now getting black and yellow colour, smelly water. Kindly guide me how we can fix this? I have no other source for water. Will bore cleaning help? Pls guide me (the neighbouring house 500 meter away from me is selling water but they never faced th...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hi, I have a Agricultural land in Kothapet village, Rangareddy district in Telangana. I dug three bores but I could not find any water. Can you suggest whom I can contact for survey in bore point.
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  • I have dug a 918 feet borewell. The motor is 5 HP 50 stages. Water tank is at 65 feet above ground level and total hose pipe length required is 1000 feet. Please advise me what is the optimal inner diameter of the hose pipe I need to use in the motor? One plumber is saying 1.25 inch some others are ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 3 weeks agoread more

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Cyclone Bulbul causes devastation in West Bengal and Odisha

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Groundwater use has doubled in Pune. Comprehensive mapping of groundwater resources and better management and governance is the need of the hour.

Pune continues to face a water crisis every summer despite having sufficient water, thanks to its geographical location and plentiful natural water assets. While enough of its water needs are taken care of by water supply from the Khadakwasla dam, the use of groundwater to meet the needs of the population continues to increase.

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The recently concluded 4 day conference in Bangalore looked at the current state of global water resource challenges & future pathways to achieve the SDGs, while ensuring equity in access to all.

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A women's collective in western Madhya Pradesh protects crop varieties bred by indigenous farming communities.

Pandutalav, a small quiet village nestled in the dry teak forests in the tribal pocket in Dewas boasts an authentic rural way of life. This little dot on the map is known for its attempts to introduce indigenous varieties of crops, in particular pearl millet these days. Mahila Jagat Lihaaz Samiti (Majlis), a Dalit and Adivasi women’s collective in western Madhya Pradesh is working on a sustainable agriculture programme here.

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Groundwater, drawn at rapid rates from peri-urban areas of Hyderabad is now turning into a commodity, controlled and distributed by a few, to meet the needs of the urban elite.

Peri urban spaces swept up in the urbanisation tangle

Urban growth and expansion of cities is increasing the demand for land and water, increasing pressure on resources available not only in urban, but also in peri-urban areas. State policies often use peri-urban spaces and resources to meet the needs of urban populations; for instance, they use grazing lands for urban infrastructure, sewerage and water treatment plants or for special economic zones.

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We have 235 feet borewell at home and we use texmo compression motor to pump. We observed that the water is not pumped up to the water tank from past few days. We could see meagre water in tank even if motor is running for more than an hour. We already had a borewell with 90ft depth and since there was no water, we installed new one last year with a depth of 235ft after checking with experts. We did not face any issues till date and the electrician has checked the motor and confirmed no issues with it.

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Hello,

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I have a borewell depth of 650 ft and I have fixed a 3hp 40 stage single phase Texmo pump, because of the silt the pump run only once and its not running now. What should I do now to pump the water. Is there any way to use the same pump by doing any process or should I go for compressor pump. If yes, then of what capacity?

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Regions

Does borewell recharge requires removal of submersible pump? 

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Regions

People come together to dig community ponds in Dungarpur, to fight water scarcity.

While most parts of the country are facing a water crisis, here’s a case from the arid state of Rajasthan, where decentralized initiatives are solving water issues. Dungarpur in southern Rajasthan has exemplified how community participation with local level planning processes are working towards improving rainwater harvesting and recharge of groundwater.

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