Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • In the past few years, India has undoubtedly developed remarkably, but not enough to eradicate all the problems it has been facing, including the shortage of water. To contribute our part in the process of reducing key water risks, I, Safa Mohammed a student of eleventh grade, along with my fellow s...
    swatiposted 5 days 17 hours agoread more
  • The ‘Managing Aquifer Recharge and Sustaining Groundwater Use through Village-level Intervention’ (MARVI) project is being undertaken since February 2012 with the overall aim to improve the security of irrigation water supplies and enhance livelihood opportunities for rural communities in India....
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • Kachchh: A desert oasis under peril The westernmost district of India, Kachchh was long known as the arid deserted region and seldom received mention for any important economic activities. But, with the earthquake in 2001 that brought in new development policies and interventions, the region witnes...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 weeks 5 days agoread more
  • Maharashtra has the highest COVID-19 cases in the country and the government is taking a slew of measures to flatten the curve. We speak to Mr. Yusuf Kabir, WASH specialist and emergency focal point for UNICEF Mumbai, who is at the forefront of the containment efforts to find out about their efforts...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • Latur in Maharashtra has been facing acute drinking water scarcity over the last month and has been in news again, and that too, inspite of having piped water connections and a good monsoon this year! Indeed, availability of safe drinking water near the house can provide a number of advantages. It ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 2 months 10 hours agoread more
  • Posted By : Vikrant Pandhare Posted Date : 29/03/2020 I have 620 feet deep borewells which contains 1.5 inch water and 7.5 HP motor with 12 stages as well as outer pipeline is 2.5 inch pipe. Please let me know if 1.5 inch water in borewell is there which size pipeline should I choose? My sec...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 1 day agoread more
  • Water is a precious natural resource that ensures human well-being. However, across the globe there is a severe water crisis, which is heightened by issues of inaccessibility and contamination. “The right to water and sanitation is a human right equal to all other human rights, which implies that ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 2 days agoread more
  • Efforts are underway by both state and central governments to improve access to safe and adequate drinking water to people, and nationally, as on 31 December 2018, 79% of rural habitations had been covered at 40 litres per capita per day (lpcd) but only 47% at 55 lpcd. Yet, in spite of the big push ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • I have a borewell dug upto 1000 ft and the opening of the casing pipe is 2 ft below ground level. I made a manhole and covered it. The borewell is in front of our gate and below a car ramp.Unfortunately, the domestic sewage pipe passing besides this has broken and the water entered into borewell. Si...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Millions of Indian women can take up to six trips a day to gather and transport water, which takes up a major part of their day. During scorching summers when many sources dry up, their drudgery gets even worse. Stories of girls dropping out of school to share the burden of carrying water are also n...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Historically, water is a gendered burden, with women being the primary caregivers responsible for cooking, washing and cleaning chores in the house and in modern times in institutions (teachers, anganwadi and healthcare workers). Women have traditionally been associated with various w...
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  • It’s a dull reality that the state of water in the urban slum of Lalbagh near Azadpur in north Delhi was awful till a few years back. Hoards of people would queue up to get water from the public taps or the tankers along the road. Life was tough here and people got access to piped water supply onl...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 1 week agoread more
  • I am in the middle of nowhere, out on a field visit to understand how fluoride, a deadly contaminant in groundwater has been afflicting people in some of the worst affected villages in Nalgonda, Telangana. I am thirsty as hell and would do anything to find a seemingly elusive little glass of water, ...
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  • The challenges to sustain groundwater dependency in India are many where groundwater over extraction is not only leading to rapid depletion of the resource, but also giving rise to water quality issues in a situation where the response at the level of policy continues to be lukewarm. A workshop t...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 months 1 week agoread more
  • Dear team, Recently, we had drilled a borewell at Madhanapalli area in Andhra Pradesh with 80 feet pvc casing. After drilling approximately 210 feet, there was a boulder and hevay flow of water came gushing out and drilling hammer did not rotate. We tried to drill further for 220 feet but we couldn...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 1 week agoread more
  • Hi, While drilling borewell the 20 feet long PVC pipe has been broken. The team told that not able to remove this pipe so only do drill again on the pipe inside and destroy it. And they did it. They told that all the pieces of plastics were removed out while giving high pressure. Is it possible to ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • After independence, India was largely food insecure but post Green Revolution around the 1970s, foodgrain production increased manifold consequently reducing food insecurity and poverty in the country, in spite of rapid population growth. Its ability to achieve targeted results was largely dependent...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • What is the minimum distance we should keep from neighbour's boundary to digg a borewell?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • I want to have a sprinkler system. Total length of pipe 150 ft Diameter of pipe - 1" Maximum head height = 30 feet Suction lift - 0 feet for submersible and maximum 10 feet for surface My Requirement is - 400-600 ltr per minute water flow.   Now, my question is: If I attach open well sub...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Groundwater pollution due to organic micropollutants is becoming a major cause of concern in many parts of the world, where water resources are on the decline. India is the largest user of groundwater and the presence of micropollutants in groundwater has been a growing concern. What do studies on m...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 months 13 hours agoread more

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An initiative by the students of Oasis International School, Bengaluru, focuses on water conservation and management, while also developing universal values like empathy, gratitude, love and respect.

In the past few years, India has undoubtedly developed remarkably, but not enough to eradicate all the problems it has been facing, including the shortage of water. To contribute our part in the process of reducing key water risks, I, Safa Mohammed a student of eleventh grade, along with my fellow students of grades 7 to 12 of Oasis International School took part in this year’s Service Learning Program (SLP). Our plan was to work collaboratively to help tackle water issues in a village called Kadusonapanahalli.

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Issues in groundwater management and recharge have been dealt with in a series of booklets as a part of the MARVI project.

The ‘Managing Aquifer Recharge and Sustaining Groundwater Use through Village-level Intervention’ (MARVI) project is being undertaken since February 2012 with the overall aim to improve the security of irrigation water supplies and enhance livelihood opportunities for rural communities in India.

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Robust arid region horticulture in the water-scarce arid region of Kachchh, but without improved value-addition for increased shelf-life, farmers faced with a crisis.

Kachchh: A desert oasis under peril

The westernmost district of India, Kachchh was long known as the arid deserted region and seldom received mention for any important economic activities. But, with the earthquake in 2001 that brought in new development policies and interventions, the region witnessed a three-fold increase in the value of production at constant prices since 2001.

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Government of Maharashtra and UNICEF Mumbai are training frontline workers to tackle the spread of COVID-19.

Maharashtra has the highest COVID-19 cases in the country and the government is taking a slew of measures to flatten the curve. We speak to Mr. Yusuf Kabir, WASH specialist and emergency focal point for UNICEF Mumbai, who is at the forefront of the containment efforts to find out about their efforts towards water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in urban and rural areas especially to tackle COVID-19 spread.

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While water supply coverage has improved over the years in Maharashtra, why does safe and continuous water supply still remain a distant dream for the state?

Latur in Maharashtra has been facing acute drinking water scarcity over the last month and has been in news again, and that too, inspite of having piped water connections and a good monsoon this year!

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Regions

Posted By : Vikrant Pandhare

Posted Date : 29/03/2020

I have 620 feet deep borewells which contains 1.5 inch water and 7.5 HP motor with 12 stages as well as outer pipeline is 2.5 inch pipe. Please let me know if 1.5 inch water in borewell is there which size pipeline should I choose?

My second question is: The 7.5 HP pump stops every 3 minutes after pumping for 2 minutes. These 2 minutes water comes full in 2.5 inches pipe, later it gives break of 3 minutes and then starts pumping for 2 minutes. Kindly advice me on a right choice of over bend size of pipeline. 

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For Har Ghar Nal Ka Jal to succeed, the state needs to look at water harvesting to augment groundwater availability.

Water is a precious natural resource that ensures human well-being. However, across the globe there is a severe water crisis, which is heightened by issues of inaccessibility and contamination.

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What can be learnt from past experiences on scaling up coverage of piped water supply?

Efforts are underway by both state and central governments to improve access to safe and adequate drinking water to people, and nationally, as on 31 December 2018, 79% of rural habitations had been covered at 40 litres per capita per day (lpcd) but only 47% at 55 lpcd. Yet, in spite of the big push towards piped water supply in rural areas, the coverage continued to be poor.

Topics

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Regions

I have a borewell dug upto 1000 ft and the opening of the casing pipe is 2 ft below ground level. I made a manhole and covered it. The borewell is in front of our gate and below a car ramp.Unfortunately, the domestic sewage pipe passing besides this has broken and the water entered into borewell. Since then, the bore water is emitting stinky smell. I pumped out water daily for an hour. Dropped chlorinated water into the borewell twice. As I pumped out water daily for 2 weeks the smell has gone. Later I intermittently used the borewell for 5 minutes for a couple of days in a week.

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There is a need to focus on the “first mile” i.e. communities across rural India to be able to ensure sustainability and scalability for piped water supply.

Millions of Indian women can take up to six trips a day to gather and transport water, which takes up a major part of their day. During scorching summers when many sources dry up, their drudgery gets even worse. Stories of girls dropping out of school to share the burden of carrying water are also not unheard of.

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