Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

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May 25, 2021 While borewells and aggressive irrigation practices continue to suck Punjab dry, can crop diversification rescue the state from turning into a desert?
Unsustainable agricultural practices in Punjab (Image Source: IWP flickr photos)
December 18, 2019 A study from Gujarat finds that micro-irrigation combined with metered power led to a reduction in uncontrolled groundwater extraction by farmers.
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Scientific closure of abandoned bore wells
How to plug or decommission an abandoned or defunct bore well to prevent contamination in the nearby productive wells Amita Bhaduri posted 1 week ago

Why de-commission defunct or failed bore wells?

Well decommissioning is necessary to permanently fill in and seal a well to eliminate the well as a source of water (Image: Asadwarraich, Wikimedia Commons; CC BY-SA 4.0)
Dealing with droughts
There are many reasons why we see more droughts in India these days. Here is all the information that you need to know droughts better. Aarti Kelkar Khambete posted 1 month 1 week ago

Droughts are one of the most feared natural calamities in India impacting food production, the economy as well as the morale of millions of farmers in a cou

India will see more droughts in the future. (Image Source: Wikimedia Commons)
Bad smell from submersible borewell
(not verified) posted 1 month 2 weeks ago

In December 2020, I had dug a 245 ft borewell in my house. Every time when I switch on the motor, there is a smell from water. Please suggest what can I do?

 

Need help with a borewell installation
(not verified) posted 1 month 2 weeks ago

Bore depth -250 ft

Water found at -130 ft

Pipe till -150 ft

Because of some reasons, plastic pipe (5 inch) reduced in size due to which the motor is not getting inserted. Please tell me what can I do in this case.

Need help regarding the borewell
(not verified) posted 1 month 3 weeks ago

We drilled 7 inch borewell for agricultural purpose. Hit the rock at 66 feet. Encountered 3 inches of water at 100 feet. After 110 feet loose soil encountered. The water was very muddy. The contractor stopped drilling after 205 feet. What should I do? The borewell has dried now. Is furthur drilling possible for more depth?

Crop diversification to address the water crisis in Punjab
While borewells and aggressive irrigation practices continue to suck Punjab dry, can crop diversification rescue the state from turning into a desert? Aarti Kelkar Khambete posted 2 months ago

Punjab, sucked dry

Unsustainable agricultural practices in Punjab (Image Source: IWP flickr photos)
Cleaning of borewell
(not verified) posted 2 months ago

5" dia borewell, 220 ft depth, some animal has fallen in the borewell and is dead. Flesh particles are coming out with water. Is there any chemical to clean the water inside the borewell?

Easiest way to find borewell
(not verified) posted 2 months 1 week ago

Hello Experts,

Removal of fluoride lumps
(not verified) posted 2 months 1 week ago

How to remove fluoride lumps from borewell?

Need to know the borewell point
(not verified) posted 2 months 2 weeks ago

Sir, I had dug one borewell point, but the water was absent at that point. I am seeking your support to survey the new point. Please suggest a geologist in Visakhapatnam, Anakapalli area.