Singh S

Punjab, the land of the Green Revolution, is going through an agrarian crisis. This impacts not only men, but also women from small-scale and marginal farming communities.

We've come a long way since the Green Revolution in the 60s especially in Punjab, where it all began. Lower production due to higher costs, increased debt, lowered income and drop in employment – this is the situation here as it grapples with an agrarian crisis. 

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With the increasing threats to our landscapes, biodiversity management can no longer afford to be part of a polarized 'yes or no' argument. Instead,it is vital to seek out and implement a bouquet of negotiated approaches. The diversity of India's landscapes as well as conservation approaches make it a valuable learning tool. This report presents some of these approaches

Chapter 1: Background

Biodiversity conservation has normally followed one of two approaches-

  • Setting aside protected areas
  • Community-based conservation.

The former was usually preferred by governments and global agencies, and as of today 12.7% of the global land area is protected to some extent. However, this does not translate into the protection of a representative sample of biodiversity. This approach also tends to exclude communities who have been the traditional managers of these ecosystems.

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