Manohar Rao

Best practices in IEC-HRD to engage rural communities based on JJM - Karnataka experience
A summary of conversations with Mr. Parameshwar Hegde, Director (ISA), Rural Drinking Water and Sanitation Department, Government of Karnataka Amita Bhaduri posted 3 months 2 weeks ago

What does IEC-HRD mean for large-scale programs such as Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)?

At the district level, Karnataka has engaged Implementation Support Agencies (ISA) who are involved in IEC
Managing commons: Need and challenges
How can technology, knowledge and capacity creation help in management of commons? Amita Bhaduri posted 1 year 9 months ago

Common pool resources, popularly known as “commons”, are those resources which are accessible to the whole community or village and to which no individual has exclusive ownership or property rights. Commons have two essential characteristics: non-excludability and high-subtractability.

Plantation in Gomala (Image: Foundation for Ecological Security)
Mazhapolima - A community based well recharge programme
A project report on a community based well recharge programme in Kerala to recharge ground water and improve supply of drinking water reena posted 12 years 2 months ago

When stakeholders come together, they can address critical water related issues.

"Mazhapolima"? : Participatory well recharge programme in Thrissur district, Kerala, part 2
Report of visit to the Mazhapolima , Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting-based Open Well Recharge program in Thrissur district, Kerala. iwp posted 12 years 7 months ago

The Mazhapolima program is quite unique; it aims to (eventually) recharge about 4.5 lakh dug wells in the district, and do this through community awareness and action. It's driven by the District Collector, Mr. Kurian Baby, who strongly advocates sustainable, local development & innovation.


A Gram Panchayat (GP) in Kerala is fairly large, and has a population of approximately 20000 people, as compared to about 10000 in Karnataka, and about 700 in Uttar Pradesh. GP's have ward divisions, about 20 of them per GP. Each GP has a staff of at least 6-8 people. The GP that we visited - Adat, had about 12 employees , 4 lower division clerks, 3 upper division clerks, 1 Joint Secretary, 1 Secretary, 2 peons and 1 sweeper. Except for the peons and the sweeper, the employees are all usually SSLC-pass, but here in Adat they were mostly graduates. For salaries alone, the GP spends about Rs 1.5 lakhs per month. Adat GP executed 124 projects last year. The GP's annual budget was Rs 1.40 crores, not including NREGA funds. Out of this, Rs 40 lakhs was raised by the GP through property taxes etc. Most other parts of the country, GP budgets are only about 5 to 10 lakhs. The Adat GP office was a large 2 storeyed building. Mr Vijayan, the Joint Secretary proudly showed us their awards, which filled up an entire wall.