Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • The problem of Bengaluru’s water is well known. The demand for water tankers skyrockets during the summer months, when municipal and borewell water supplies run dry, and many of the city’s lakes, actually man-made tanks, lie neglected and polluted. While legislation on rainwater harvesting ...
    priyadposted 1 week 1 day agoread more
  • Last night there were heavy rains in my area and suddenly storm water surged in and filled up my sump tank and borewell with contaminated storm and sewage water. What is the immediate action I need to take to be able to use the borewell water (not for drinking)? Do I need to put some powder to make ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 week 3 days agoread more
  • Prior before drilling we have consulted Geologist of Ground water department as per his advise we have to go up to 200 feet. Till 50 feet we didn't had any issues, At 80 feet the bore vendor said the side rocks are soft rocks which are breaking into pebbles which is not advisable to drill further, i...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 weeks 51 min agoread more
  • I am from Coorg district in Karnataka and I suppose you know this is a hilly area. We have a existing borewell which is 250 feet deep and we get 1.5 inch water throughout the year, but this is not sufficient for agriculture purpose as monsoon was bad 3 years in a row. A Hydrologist gave a new point ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 weeks 1 hour agoread more
  • Who selects the villages for water supply by tankers? How are they selected? How is the number of tankers for a particular village is decided? What is the water storage capacity of the tanker? At what cost each tanker is available? Who bears the cost? Where can I get tehsil wise data about number of...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 weeks 1 hour agoread more
  • Electrician told due to overheating of CPVC pipe in low water discharge, it might got melted in between and the pump with motor assemble got detached . The reason we guess is that the pump is being operated without Non return Valve for the past few days (3 weeks). Also the normal running time is 2 h...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • I dug a bore well of 270 feet depth. Only 45 feet is filled with pipe. No inner is erected after 45 feet. They told me no need of it because the rock is strong. Water spots are found at 93 feet and 125 feet. So they digged to 270 feet for maximizing the occupying capacity of the well. They told me t...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hi, i am arvind Recently a borewell is dug into my house in raebareli, U.P. Borewell is about 145 feets deep and submersible pump is lowered to depth of 100 feets, after complete installation , when the pump was started it was discharging muddy water , the mechanic told us that water will get clean ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • We pump bore water for storage for drip irrigation purpose into a open well that has no great yield in our farm in south western Tamil Nadu in the arid foot hill areas of western Ghats. Recently due to drought the water pumped into the well from bore also gets absorbed and dried. The well is rocky i...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • I am having a problem with my bore well at home. It's a new bore that we have drilled to 500ft and sent a sub motor inside up to 480ft. We get a min water for house use only. Some times 20min in the morning. The water level is low at my site. But my problem is, the very 1st pipe that connects to my ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hello Team, I live in an apartment and we have a borewell located in a corner of the plot. Since the gap between the compound and constructed building is about 2 feet, there is hardly any space for digging recharge pit. The borewell is currently active and about 200 ft depth. Though during summer th...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • When Satya Devi was a child, the open well near her house in the village of Malku Majra was the water source for the household. She reminisces, “The water was clean and soft. The well would never go dry. Once when there was a drought, we went to the bed of the Sirsa river, dug a few holes in the b...
    chicuposted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • The United Nations, in its sustainable development goals (SDGs), has earmarked 2030 as the year by which universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all is to be achieved. To be able to do so, we would need to ensure that the 663 million people who currently drink water...
    arathiposted 1 month 4 weeks agoread more
  • A dominant characteristic of a peri-urban site is its transition out of an agrarian economy due to industrialisation and urbanisation. This usually manifests in the form of agricultural land either left barren or sold for developmental activities and farmers and agricultural labourers looking for an...
    arathiposted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • Hi, In my farming land I recently drilled a new bore well. It's got stuck and we are not able to lift it out with chain blocker. Bore well details Total Feet: 180 Casing Feet: 60 (6") Motor type: 3HP motor (4") connected Pipe: HDPE single pipe (150 feets) Motor pump is at 135 feets deep in bore well...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • We recently dug bore of 500 feet in Yercaud(TN).Initially there was no trace of water during drilling and found only rocks starting from 7 feet until we stopped the drilling at 500 feet.Later after few days,we just tried to check if any water was there by dropping stone and we could hear tickling so...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • I put 300 feet borewell, in my area yield is moderate... is there any submersible pump with less output power for 300 feet borewell? I'm hesitatant to use compressor as it is noisy. Please suggest.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • I live in Chennai. Our borewell is not yielding water and many of my neighbors face the same issue. plumber suggested us to drill another borewell. We do not have space , as our first floor extends to cover the entire plot area, hence the only way which our plumber suggests is to drill hole in the r...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • We had 100 Ft bore which went dry, we called borewell driller, they came, remove old motor and drilled additional 150 Ft, ( water was found at 220-240 ft) We installed new motor, new pipes, wire and rope. After starting motor, to our dismay, delivery was around 1/2 inch only. But driller had said we...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • I recently had a borewell done at my home. I was suppose to dig a borewell upto 120ft, the starting process was extremely easy as 40 ft was digged very easily with water been available at 40 to 45 ft ,but further during the drilling process they drilled another 20ft in which the shaft of the machine...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 1 week agoread more

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A partnership between Biome, ACWADAM and WIPRO brought stakeholders together to map Sarjapur's aquifer.

The problem of Bengaluru’s water is well known. The demand for water tankers skyrockets during the summer months, when municipal and borewell water supplies run dry, and many of the city’s lakes, actually man-made tanks, lie neglected and polluted.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Last night there were heavy rains in my area and suddenly storm water surged in and filled up my sump tank and borewell with contaminated storm and sewage water. What is the immediate action I need to take to be able to use the borewell water (not for drinking)? Do I need to put some powder to make it safer for use?

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Prior before drilling we have consulted Geologist of Ground water department as per his advise we have to go up to 200 feet. Till 50 feet we didn't had any issues, At 80 feet the bore vendor said the side rocks are soft rocks which are breaking into pebbles which is not advisable to drill further, if you drill further the bore rod may struck and we may not able to remove it, and so he stopped. Could you please suggest how should we proceed further ? Is there any way to overcome this.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

I am from Coorg district in Karnataka and I suppose you know this is a hilly area. We have a existing borewell which is 250 feet deep and we get 1.5 inch water throughout the year, but this is not sufficient for agriculture purpose as monsoon was bad 3 years in a row. A Hydrologist gave a new point 8 feet from the existing bore well.He located this point by electrical conductivity. The reading that he got in his device was 130 to 140. He said its in a different rock and told that the old bore wont get affected.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Who selects the villages for water supply by tankers? How are they selected? How is the number of tankers for a particular village is decided? What is the water storage capacity of the tanker? At what cost each tanker is available? Who bears the cost? Where can I get tehsil wise data about number of tankers each year?

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Electrician told due to overheating of CPVC pipe in low water discharge, it might got melted in between and the pump with motor assemble got detached . The reason we guess is that the pump is being operated without Non return Valve for the past few days (3 weeks). Also the normal running time is 2 hours daily (1 hour in morning and 1 hour in evening). Further we have been informed while using submersible pumps at a depth of 850 feet, we should have tied rope along with the pump which we are not aware at the time of instalaltion.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

I dug a bore well of 270 feet depth. Only 45 feet is filled with pipe. No inner is erected after 45 feet. They told me no need of it because the rock is strong. Water spots are found at 93 feet and 125 feet. So they digged to 270 feet for maximizing the occupying capacity of the well. They told me that only 1000 liters of water can be lifted from the well per day (500 Liters at morning and 500 at evening) by using 1.5 HP compressor motor. Water level is 30 feet below from ground level. Now the problem is electricity board only allowing 4 star rating pump set promoting energy efficiency.

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Regions

Hi, i am arvind Recently a borewell is dug into my house in raebareli, U.P.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

We pump bore water for storage for drip irrigation purpose into a open well that has no great yield in our farm in south western Tamil Nadu in the arid foot hill areas of western Ghats. Recently due to drought the water pumped into the well from bore also gets absorbed and dried. The well is rocky in nature below 6-8 feet and 153sq.ft. What can we do to save the bore water?

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

I am having a problem with my bore well at home. It's a new bore that we have drilled to 500ft and sent a sub motor inside up to 480ft. We get a min water for house use only. Some times 20min in the morning. The water level is low at my site. But my problem is, the very 1st pipe that connects to my Submerge moto always gets bulged and burst in the middle of the pipe. What could be the reason? My bore technician also says that he has not come across this issue in his whole experience. This has happened 2 times now in 1 month itself.

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Regions

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