Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • In the early hours, the villagers of Khalabari, a tribal-dominated village in the Dumuripadar gram panchayat of Koraput district in Odisha step out of their houses for bringing wood and drinking water. The road to the forest where the water is available is rocky. Both women and men walk a few kilome...
    makarandpurohitposted 1 week 3 hours agoread more
  • Urmila Devi lives in Chaitabazaar village which is barely five kilometres from the eastern bank of the Burhi Gandak river. It is located in a particularly flood-prone area of East Champaran in north Bihar. The drinking water quality in this area is poor. The recurrent floods only make it w...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 week 1 day agoread more
  • Concerned with contaminated water sources in rural areas, the Centre plans to provide piped water supply (classified as an improved water source by the WHO & UNICEF Joint Monitoring Report) to 80 percent rural households in the country by 2022. Better access to drinking water is certainly good n...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 week 3 days agoread more
  • The theme for the Conclave this year is “Water Use Efficiency: An Imperative for India” to highlight the imperative of water use efficiency in the industry, agriculture and urban contexts.  The Indian economy at present is struggling with excessive population growth and changing water reso...
    Water Awards 2016posted 2 weeks 22 hours agoread more
  • Ours is a real estate development company and one of our project is at Miraroad east, Thane district, Maharashtra. The borewell water at the project site is having the following testing reports: TDS- 65,260 mg/l Total hardness- 15,490 mg/l Turbidity: 154 NTU Silica (as SIO2): 24.42 mg/l Chlorid...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 weeks 4 days agoread more
  • For 10 metre head and 1000 cum/s, what should the rating be for a submersible pump and also its power consumption?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 weeks 1 day agoread more
  • In India, most families depend on borewell or well water. Most cities like Bangalore, Mumbai, Pune, etc get well or borewell water for drinking. Borewell water is usually safe to drink but it is not 100 percent pure because of its hardness and contamination level. Your borewell water might contain b...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 weeks 1 day agoread more
  • In many parts of the world including India, groundwater diviners or dowsers are considered to have special powers to precisely find the site that yields groundwater for drilling borewells. Irrespective of the level of literacy, villagers and farmers are highly influenced by these groundwater diviner...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 weeks 1 day agoread more
  • Solawata, a small village in Jaipur district is barely 10 kilometers away from Sambhar, India's largest saline lake which is a major centre of salt production that produces about two lakh tonnes of salt a year. On our way to the village from Sambhar, we see caravans packed with bright coloured camel...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 4 days agoread more
  • We have dug a new bore well with following characteristics. Total depth of the bore well: 225 ft Laterite segment; top 10 -15 feet down Yellow paste clay; up to 80 feet down rock; from 80 feet till bottom of the well, water was found. At around 135 feet, strong water pressure was found. After 200 f...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 6 days agoread more
  • A large housing complex on Kanakpura Road, Bangalore is looking for people who can install borewells in their premises on BOT basis. Contact +91 9888004981.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 6 days agoread more
  • We have an apartment in Rajrajeshwari Nagar Bangalore for which we decided to go for a new Borewell as the exisiting one provided by the builder had gone dry and would not suffice the requirement of 16 flats. This new borewell was dug in March 2012. The well 6" was drilled upto 760 feet and the sour...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 6 days agoread more
  • I want to purchase a hose and pump set for my borewell that is 230 feet deep. From 130 feet onwards, water can be seen. Please suggest which company's pump set and hose can be used?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 6 days agoread more
  • Recently, I purchased 7 acre of land. We dug a bore well and we got 1.5 inch water at 350 feet, and we dug till 650 feet. The question I have is How many liters of water we will get daily? I'm planning to grow Fruit trees (Pomegranate, Guava, Gooseberry). Will the water I'm getting be sufficient...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 6 days agoread more
  • This is Mr. Zaib from Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Sorry to say but my English is not very good so do pardon me in advance if you can't get my point. We built our new home last year and did a 130 feet deep bore well in March 2016. Water comes out in the bore well at twice stages ( at 55 feet and 78 feet de...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 6 days agoread more
  • My borewell is located near to the compound wall. After few days of borewell drilling sewage started to get collected on the nearby plot which is hardly 3 feet from the borewell. We drilled for 200 feet. Water levels in the nearby borewell are < 50 feet. We used casing pipe for 35 feet after that...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 6 days agoread more
  • I would like to know full details to obtain permission for drilling a borewell on my private property in Udupi district. Who is the competent authority to give this permission? And also local citizens rights that stay nearby and who have a well and using rainwater harvesting.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • My apartment is in Madambakkam near Tambaram, Chennai and there is no drainage facility in my area. We have 3 soak pits around my flat for the sewage water (from bathroom and washing machine). However, a pit at one corner is adjacent (11 feet) located from my neighbour's borewell. The borewell is ab...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • Shilpi Bai was just 18 when she got married to Magan Singh Solanki in Jamnia village, in Dhar district, Madhya Pradesh. She had dreams in her eyes of a great life ahead. She was healthy and soon became a mother of two children. Her husband was a farmer and she would help him in the field after compl...
    arathiposted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • Women of Podapathar village in Sundargarh district in Odisha have become an inspiration for millions of women in the country now, thanks to their determination to improve the drinking water situation in their village.  Earlier the women had to fetch water for domestic use&n...
    makarandpurohitposted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more

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The villagers of Khalabari are hopeful that the overhead tank being built in the village would make drinking water easily accessible to them.

In the early hours, the villagers of Khalabari, a tribal-dominated village in the Dumuripadar gram panchayat of Koraput district in Odisha step out of their houses for bringing wood and drinking water. The road to the forest where the water is available is rocky. Both women and men walk a few kilometres on the harsh terrain to bring essential commodities needed for their survival. Khalabari, with a population of 186, has 45 households. 

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A new biosand filter is revolutionising water purification in rural India with increased filtration, better portability and affordability.

Urmila Devi lives in Chaitabazaar village which is barely five kilometres from the eastern bank of the Burhi Gandak river. It is located in a particularly flood-prone area of East Champaran in north Bihar. The drinking water quality in this area is poor. The recurrent floods only make it worse.

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A study from rural Maharashtra finds piped water supply does not guarantee safe drinking water. Water treatment, storage and WASH practices influence water quality.

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The theme for the Conclave this year is “Water Use Efficiency: An Imperative for India” to highlight the imperative of water use efficiency in the industry, agriculture and urban contexts

November 28, 2017 10:00AM
November 27, 2017 12:00PM

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Ours is a real estate development company and one of our project is at Miraroad east, Thane district, Maharashtra. The borewell water at the project site is having the following testing reports:

TDS- 65,260 mg/l
Total hardness- 15,490 mg/l
Turbidity: 154 NTU
Silica (as SIO2): 24.42 mg/l
Chloride: 28,411.40 mg/l
 

Please provide solution for these parameters and which treatment method should be used-- Softener or RO system-- for making the water potable for domestic use?

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For 10 metre head and 1000 cum/s, what should the rating be for a submersible pump and also its power consumption?

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Borewell water is used for drinking in many parts of India. Here are some purifiers you can use if the water is impure or hard.

In India, most families depend on borewell or well water. Most cities like Bangalore, Mumbai, Pune, etc get well or borewell water for drinking. Borewell water is usually safe to drink but it is not 100 percent pure because of its hardness and contamination level. Your borewell water might contain bacteria, viruses and heavy metals like arsenic, fluoride, lead, etc. In simple words, water gets its hardness from dissolved calcium and magnesium in the water. Borewell water tastes a little sour but it generally doesn’t pose any health hazard. 

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In rural farms in India, groundwater exploration is mostly done using diviners or dowsers. They are unreliable and expensive and must be replaced with scientific options.

In many parts of the world including India, groundwater diviners or dowsers are considered to have special powers to precisely find the site that yields groundwater for drilling borewells. Irrespective of the level of literacy, villagers and farmers are highly influenced by these groundwater diviners. 

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Regions

A Rajasthan village gets to drink sweetwater despite high salinity in its groundwater, thanks to a solar-powered desalination unit.

Solawata, a small village in Jaipur district is barely 10 kilometers away from Sambhar, India's largest saline lake which is a major centre of salt production that produces about two lakh tonnes of salt a year. On our way to the village from Sambhar, we see caravans packed with bright coloured camel saddles parked on the road. In sharp contrast, the villages on the way look dry and dreary with their bleak infertile lands.

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We have dug a new bore well with following characteristics. Total depth of the bore well: 225 ft Laterite segment; top 10 -15 feet down Yellow paste clay; up to 80 feet down rock; from 80 feet till bottom of the well, water was found.

Topics

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Regions

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