Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • Pune has a story similar to many other cities in India that grew exponentially without much warning. The unplanned development hit the water resources badly, increasing the city’s dependence on groundwater. Now, the city experiences water scarcity every year, even when the monsoons have been plent...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 2 days 25 min agoread more
  • Located in Uttar Pradesh’s Baghpat district, with vast agricultural fields growing sugarcane, rice, wheat, jowar, chana and all kinds of seasonal vegetables, Dhikoli in Pilana tehsil comes across as a bustling and prosperous village. Barely an hour-long car ride from New Delhi, it is home to 15000...
    arathiposted 3 days 54 min agoread more
  • Rs 5000 fine on those dumping waste on Yamuna floodplains The National Green Tribunal has banned open defecation and dumping of waste on the floodplains of the Yamuna river in Delhi. Along with this, the tribunal has also ordered a compensation of Rs 5,000 on those found violating the order. Additi...
    swatiposted 6 days 6 hours agoread more
  • I purchased a new RO water purifier system. Bore water TDS level is 650 PPM, after RO purification water TDS level is 70 PPM and reject water TDS level is 180 PPM. My doubt is that the TDS level of reject water is less than the borewell water - is it right or wrong?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • In our area soil is very brittle. Water is easily available from 50/60 feet but the problem is how to pump the water. After some time (1/2 months) well is getting completely fill with soil and not able to pump water and even recover the motor. We have tried to put casing at 60Ft and pipes with slott...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 weeks 6 days agoread more
  • This is Vinay here recently have constructed my home near Bannerghatta Road in Bangalore, where in have drilled a borewell to 850 feet. The water force was so much that I couldn't drill further. Once I started using the water, I noticed it changes to brown colour and smells bad i.e. once I start the...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 weeks 6 days agoread more
  • We used to have normal well its used to have salt water , and in summer water level will be very less, recently based on bore well drilling persons suggestion we have take a bore with 200ft depth in old well it self. We r getting good water from it. But around the casing also water is there in well....
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 weeks 6 days agoread more
  • My tube well is only providing water for 10 to 15 minutes. After that water decreases and disappears. To get water again we have to start the pump again - is this a problem with my pump or with water level? Narendar Singh from Uttar Pradesh  
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 weeks 6 days agoread more
  • Ambitious solution to curb Karnataka's drought In a bid to tackle the water woes of the state, the Minister for Rural Development and Panchayat Raj HK Patil has announced a plan to drill 1 km deep borewells in 10 water scarce areas. The government is going to involve the private company, Water...
    swatiposted 3 weeks 6 days agoread more
  • Pettugodalu is a small village in Hukumpeta, a tribal mandal of Visakhapatnam District with 150 members. The village has 30 acres of the land, 100% dependent on rainfall. There is a stream passing at 200 feet distance to the land and at a depth of 70 feet where from June to January, water flows at 3...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 5 days agoread more
  • Our borewell depth is 1000 ft. I dropped a water hose upto the level of 990 feet, and used a 5HP high pressure compressor to pump the water out. Since only 10 feet is remaining to touch the bottom, is there a possibility of silt / mud gathering in jet pipe and blocking it? To avoid this situation ho...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 5 days agoread more
  • Our 15 year old borewell is now giving more fine sand, we need help in removing it before putting in the sump. The fine silt gets regularly collected inside sump and keep mixing again with fresh water pumped into sump. Will rainwater harvester type filter help?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 5 days agoread more
  • Dear Experts, We have a borewell in our house at Dharshiwa, kunwargadh, Raipur (CG). The depth is about 375 feet. Rock was hit at around 60ft and the casing is done upto 80 feet. The submersible pump is fixed at 250ft. We have been using the borwell for 2 years. The water from borewell is muddy. In ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hi, can anyone guide us on how to determine the water level inside a borewell? There is very less water yield say for about 2 minutes of water flow, in our 160ft old borewell which was dug 3 years ago in our unoccupied new house. So we decided to go for a new borewell which had very less flow at 60 ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 3 weeks agoread more
  • I AM NOW HAVING A COMPRESSOR MOTOR FOR MY BOREWELL. 1 HP MOTOR & 1.5 HP COMPRESSOR. IT TAKES , OF LATE, A VERY LONG TIME ABOUT 4 HOURS TO FILL THE TANK. 6 FT X 6 FT X 5 FT . MY VILLAGE IS VAIYAMPATTI IN MANAPPARAI TALUK , TIRUCHIRAPPALLI DISTRICT, TAMILNADU. A DRY PLACE. NO RIVERS . NO LAKES. RA...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 4 weeks agoread more
  • Hi, I live in Tamilnadu. Recently panchayat union is trying to dig a bore well for drinking water supply for the village. The new point is 30 feet away from our farming bore well (it has all permissions). This may dry up my water source and also there is another government borewell available within ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 4 weeks agoread more
  • I have a borewell dug till 300 feet. Suddenly last week, water stopped pumping out from the borewell. When I switched on the motor and when the ampere reading showed 15A, water was being pumped out. Now from last week when I switch on the motor the ampere reading is showing 20A volt meter is showing...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 4 weeks agoread more
  • I have a 380 feet borewell in my farm in Southern Tamil Nadu. This borewell currently has a yield of 3000 to 3600 litres per hour. The borewell was drilled in 2012 and a pump was installed a year ago in Feb 2016. The water from the borewell is a bit muddy but more of a pale white muddy mix (I have n...
    pskrishnanposted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • 1) Existing borewell of 9 years old, depth 450 ft. 2) Due to slush / mud borwell was cleaned and as suggested filter pipes installed upto 440 ft. 3) Then we lowered a pump and motor with new HDPE 1 1/2 hose pipe. motor / pump all new. 4) Already two pumps got struck and I had to blast the then exist...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • I have a bore well which is 850 ft deep. If I switch it on in the morning, it gives me water for 45 minutes, and every now and then I have to keep checking the water flow. This is becoming problematic since morning time it is usually busy getting ready to office and making sure my kids are ready as ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 1 week agoread more

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Pune citizens come together to save their water resources, show ways to use water sustainably.

Pune has a story similar to many other cities in India that grew exponentially without much warning. The unplanned development hit the water resources badly, increasing the city’s dependence on groundwater. Now, the city experiences water scarcity every year, even when the monsoons have been plentiful. Although the authorities have assured the citizens of adequate water storage in the dams and fewer water cuts this year, long-term, sustainable solutions still evade all political discourses.

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How restoration of traditional ponds, rainwater harvesting and wastewater treatment saved a village from water scarcity.

Located in Uttar Pradesh’s Baghpat district, with vast agricultural fields growing sugarcane, rice, wheat, jowar, chana and all kinds of seasonal vegetables, Dhikoli in Pilana tehsil comes across as a bustling and prosperous village. Barely an hour-long car ride from New Delhi, it is home to 15000-odd inhabitants, mostly of the Jat community.

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Policy matters this week

Rs 5000 fine on those dumping waste on Yamuna floodplains

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I purchased a new RO water purifier system. Bore water TDS level is 650 PPM, after RO purification water TDS level is 70 PPM and reject water TDS level is 180 PPM. My doubt is that the TDS level of reject water is less than the borewell water - is it right or wrong?

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

In our area soil is very brittle. Water is easily available from 50/60 feet but the problem is how to pump the water. After some time (1/2 months) well is getting completely fill with soil and not able to pump water and even recover the motor. We have tried to put casing at 60Ft and pipes with slotted holes. But still the same problem occurs. Can anyone help me for this?

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

This is Vinay here recently have constructed my home near Bannerghatta Road in Bangalore, where in have drilled a borewell to 850 feet. The water force was so much that I couldn't drill further. Once I started using the water, I noticed it changes to brown colour and smells bad i.e. once I start the motor, the water colour looks pure but if I store that water in any vessels after 30 minutes water colours turns to brown colour which we can't use for any purpose. Request for advice if I need to take any actions from my end since have inserted completely one length pipe.

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Regions

We used to have normal well its used to have salt water , and in summer water level will be very less, recently based on bore well drilling persons suggestion we have take a bore with 200ft depth in old well it self. We r getting good water from it. But around the casing also water is there in well. After reading questions and answers I am worried that this kind of arrangement will polute ground water. Any problems will come for borewells near to my bore well? Because our bore well is the depeset one in our village. Kindly advice what we have to do for not contaminating ground water .

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My tube well is only providing water for 10 to 15 minutes. After that water decreases and disappears. To get water again we have to start the pump again - is this a problem with my pump or with water level?

Narendar Singh from Uttar Pradesh

 

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Sub-Categories

Regions

News this week

Ambitious solution to curb Karnataka's drought

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Sub-Categories

Regions

Pettugodalu is a small village in Hukumpeta, a tribal mandal of Visakhapatnam District with 150 members. The village has 30 acres of the land, 100% dependent on rainfall. There is a stream passing at 200 feet distance to the land and at a depth of 70 feet where from June to January, water flows at 3 feet height. The villagers are ready to give half of acre of land for storing the water. But, the issue is that all the villagers are wage seekers, and cannot invest from their pockets. The panchayat has come forward to invest 10,000 rupees to bring the water to these 30 acres.

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