Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • Hi, We have an query regarding compression pump / submersible pump for domestic use in our native place. We have shallow installed which is currently working via Hand pump. The shallow / bore well is 600 feet deep, with 70 - 80ft 4in pipe and remaining 520-530 ft in 2in pipe. During summer water le...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 week 8 hours agoread more
  • Hello, We have an query regarding recommendation of a compression pump / submersible pump for use in our native place, Midnapore District, West Bengal. We have shallow / borewell installed which is currently working via hand pump. The borewell is 600 feet deep, with 70 - 80ft having 4in pipe and re...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 week 2 days agoread more
  • Fluorosis continues to be a regional issue in Telangana to this day, even decades after the first cases were discovered in Nalgonda in 1937. More than three lakh people in the district are affected with skeletal and dental fluorosis, a stigma that has stuck for generations. Excessive fluor...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 week 4 days agoread more
  • Agriculture is of central importance to India’s economy with more than half of the workforce in the country depending on it for their livelihoods. However, it is increasingly being threatened due to climate-change-induced changing rainfall patterns and water scarcity having a negative impact on pr...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 week 5 days agoread more
  • In 2010, nine-year-old Kailash from Miyati village, Jhabua developed symptoms of skeletal fluorosis. Fluorosis, which affects millions of people in India, is a health issue caused due to high fluoride content in drinking water. Skeletal fluorosis is marked by deformed bones. It affected all aspects ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • Dear All, I have a property in Madipakkam, Chennai. I drilled borewell in the year 2000 in my property at about 200 ft. From that time till now, I am getting only one bucket of water, approximately equivalent to 50 litres per day till now. I feel that this is very low and so am thinking of reinspe...
    arunancposted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • What is the exhibition about The river Ganga forms one of the most densely populated river basins in the world. It is also a highly engineered hydrological super-surface. Human activity combined with the dynamic nature of the monsoons has resulted in the river undergoing radical physical changes ev...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 2 weeks 15 hours agoread more
  • A recent BBC report projected that Bengaluru will run out of water soon. Yes, it was a superficial list of cities that already have water problem. It just pronounced the harsh verdict without any in-depth analysis of the factors involved. That’s like taking a casual look at an emaciated man and s...
    priyadposted 3 weeks 7 hours agoread more
  • Namaste, Our borewell report indicates the following : - 450 feet depth - 180 feet water - 2.75" yield, Currently, there is no tank, but let us assume that there will be a overhead tank around 50 feet higher. Questions : - What would be the submersible pump specification needed? - What power is ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 weeks 1 day agoread more
  • Hi, We have a 400ft borewell dig that got drained recently. We would like to go until 1000ft and as it is a constructed house, we cannot go with normal borewell lorry. One of the borewell company suggested for underroof compact drillers like below: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KQdQs5adTag. More ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 weeks 2 days agoread more
  • Respected sir, We are from Visakhapatnam, and we do all kinds of water treatment works. We design borewell water treatment for utility purposes only and we want to establish a filtration system at a low budget. What treatment method can be used to remove chlorides, CL is 2240 ppm, hardness at 2380 ...
    Akkeni Chiranje...posted 4 weeks 7 hours agoread more
  • Dear Sir, We dug a borewell in 2017 upto 290 feet of 6 inch. After a year, the submersible pump got stuck. Now, we have recovered the pump and again dug up to 350 feet. After the bore well digging process, we tried to place the submersible pump into it, but it got stuck at 80 feet and the casing is...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 weeks 1 day agoread more
  • Dear Sir, The motor of a bore well which we dug around 290 feet in 2017 got stuck . The motor was removed and re-boring of 6 inch was done upto 350 feet . After the re-boring too, we feel that something is still stuck in the borewell, which is making it difficult to place the submersible pump in th...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 weeks 1 day agoread more
  • Rabindra Kumar Jena, the Member of Parliament (MP) from Balasore, Odisha knew that something was wrong with the health of people in a part of his constituency but he could not put his finger to it. By sheer chance, in 2015, he got to know that this seemed to be related to excessive fluoride in water...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 1 day agoread more
  • Hanumanthappa Ramanagar from Kushtagi taluka of Karnataka’s Koppal district has 15 acres of arid land with two deep wells on two sides of the land. One is a “very old” dug well and the other, a tubewell, is just 10 years old. Both were on the verge of going defunct two years ago. “There were...
    arathiposted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • Delhi's groundwater most ‘over exploited’ after Punjab and Rajasthan With groundwater in 56 percent of tehsils in Delhi found to be over exploited, the state is now the third most ‘over exploited’ behind Punjab and Rajasthan. As per the Central Groundwater Board data, 76 percent of the asse...
    seetha@indiawat...posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • How to calculate the lift of water. Motor is fixed at 20 feet distance from the sump. Foot valve depth is 8 feet. The pipeline to the motor from the foot valve 4 bends. From the motor the delivery to tank has 6 bends. Now please tell me if 0.5 hp motor is sufficient. How much water could be delivere...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • Kaudikasa is a small village with a population of just 350 people in the Ambagad Chowki block of the Rajnandgaon district in Chhattisgarh. Despite its small size, Kaudikasa village has been in the news for all the wrong reasons. Severe health problems have been reported from the village, thanks to a...
    makarandpurohitposted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hi, I am from Bangalore and we have purchased apartment in a residential complex where ground water is green/brown color. This is a newly built apartment which is housing 80 flats, and all the residents are facing the same issue and are very much worried. We had got the water tested from a lab in B...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hi, I recently got a borewell done. The entire depth of the borewell is 145 feet. We also got submersible installed which is at a depth of 85 feet. After three months, we noticed that just below the submersible, the entire borewell is full. Can anybody suggest what caused this? We consulted the per...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 3 weeks agoread more

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Hi,

We have an query regarding compression pump / submersible pump for domestic use in our native place. We have shallow installed which is currently working via Hand pump. The shallow / bore well is 600 feet deep, with 70 - 80ft 4in pipe and remaining 520-530 ft in 2in pipe. During summer water levels go below 70 ft. This makes the handpump very difficult to operate.

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Hello,

We have an query regarding recommendation of a compression pump / submersible pump for use in our native place, Midnapore District, West Bengal. We have shallow / borewell installed which is currently working via hand pump. The borewell is 600 feet deep, with 70 - 80ft having 4in pipe and remaining 520-530 ft having 2in pipe. During summer water levels go below 80 ft, which makes the handpump very difficult to operate.

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Regions

Engaging with the fluorosis problem in Nalgonda gave the FKAN a chance to understand the problem and apply the solutions nationally.

Fluorosis continues to be a regional issue in Telangana to this day, even decades after the first cases were discovered in Nalgonda in 1937. More than three lakh people in the district are affected with skeletal and dental fluorosis, a stigma that has stuck for generations. Excessive fluoride intake leads to fluorosis, a chronic condition marked by mottling of the teeth and, if severe, calcification of the ligaments.

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This study finds that small farmers who undertake group micro irrigation through pooling of land and water resources greatly benefit through increase in productivity and profit margins.

Agriculture is of central importance to India’s economy with more than half of the workforce in the country depending on it for their livelihoods. However, it is increasingly being threatened due to climate-change-induced changing rainfall patterns and water scarcity having a negative impact on production.

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INREM Foundation’s work helped develop protocols on designing proactive action on safe water and nutrition to help mitigate fluorosis in Jhabua.

In 2010, nine-year-old Kailash from Miyati village, Jhabua developed symptoms of skeletal fluorosis. Fluorosis, which affects millions of people in India, is a health issue caused due to high fluoride content in drinking water. Skeletal fluorosis is marked by deformed bones. It affected all aspects of Kailash's life including his education, physical functioning, social acceptance, etc.

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Dear All,

I have a property in Madipakkam, Chennai. I drilled borewell in the year 2000 in my property at about 200 ft. From that time till now, I am getting only one bucket of water, approximately equivalent to 50 litres per day till now.

I feel that this is very low and so am thinking of reinspecting the bore. I would like to know if borewell endoscopy using a camera will give me a clear picture of what the problem is.  Could anyone please be able to recommen a good vendor for borewell endoscopy with a camera at Chennai?

Regards

Arunan 

9840146904

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What is the exhibition about

The river Ganga forms one of the most densely populated river basins in the world. It is also a highly engineered hydrological super-surface. Human activity combined with the dynamic nature of the monsoons has resulted in the river undergoing radical physical changes every year. For any future directive regarding the development and management of the Ganga to be effective, capturing this dynamism is essential. 

April 19, 2018 9:00AM

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Citizen Matters looks at what the city should do to manage its water better.

A recent BBC report projected that Bengaluru will run out of water soon.

Yes, it was a superficial list of cities that already have water problem. It just pronounced the harsh verdict without any in-depth analysis of the factors involved. That’s like taking a casual look at an emaciated man and saying, “he is going to die soon”.

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Namaste,

Our borewell report indicates the following : - 450 feet depth - 180 feet water - 2.75" yield, Currently, there is no tank, but let us assume that there will be a overhead tank around 50 feet higher.

Questions :

- What would be the submersible pump specification needed?

- What power is needed to support the pump (e.g. if diesel generator)?

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Hi,

We have a 400ft borewell dig that got drained recently. We would like to go until 1000ft and as it is a constructed house, we cannot go with normal borewell lorry. One of the borewell company suggested for underroof compact drillers like below: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KQdQs5adTag. More information can be found here: http://www.velson.in/water_well_rigs_version_v3.php

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