Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • A resident of Bajankheda village in Ratlam district of Madhya Pradesh, Sitabai Tindor shows her pot full of water to us. A strange red, the water looks unusual. “We have been using this red water for domestic use for the last two decades. Industries in Ratlam has spoilt our land and water. The gov...
    makarandpurohitposted 3 weeks 16 hours agoread more
  • Hello. I'm Sriganesh from salem. I live in the main part of the urban city. I have a borewell that is unused and it has good amounts of water. I dont want to waste it. Suggest me some good feasible ideas that I can work out to start earning from it. Thanks in advance.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 16 hours agoread more
  • Groundwater is a major source of water for a large number of Indians with 66 percent rural households and 27 percent urban households directly depending on it for drinking purposes, as per Census 2011. There is a greater daily dependence on groundwater for non-potable uses. Almost 75 percent of Ind...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 23 hours agoread more
  • Basubai is a mother of three young children—Ajay (9), Manju (11) and Sonu (13). She is married to Mukesh Singh in Jamniamota village in Bakaner block in Dhar district, Madhya Pradesh. Annoyed by the yellowing and staining of the teeth of her children, she would always complain to her husband ...
    arathiposted 1 month 4 days agoread more
  • In India, although we have approximately four months of monsoon (which is basically 45 days of effective rainfall), in drought prone areas, there are only 10-15 days of harvestable rain in the entire season. If you don't get enough rain during those days, it's a cause for worry. Given that evaporat...
    priyadposted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • A growing demand for water implies the need for an improved understanding of our resources, and the ability to manage that demand in an equitable and sustainable way. Wells, not dams, have been the temples of modern India India is a groundwater economy. At 260 cubic km per year, our country is the...
    priyadposted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • Hello Sir, I live in Kolkata under Kolkata Municipality. Sir, I wated to ask you if I have to take any permission from municipality for borewell? Please give me the solution. Thanks
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • Sir, We are residing in Saraswathi nagar, Adambakkam,Chennai. We have a bore well pump 90 feet below. It was drilled 16 years back. But now it has stopped pumping water. We doubt if ground water exists. Can the same bore be flushed out and tried again? Shall we drill a new Borewell? Pl kindly sugg...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • Up until two decades ago, the main sources of drinking water in Rajasthan included surface water from perennial ponds, reservoirs, lakes, dams, rivers and streams with borewells and tubewells used sparingly and only in remote areas. All this changed when guinea worm infections started appearing in t...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • Kindly provide me the legal standards/procedure to dig borewell in a private land but near a forest land.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 3 weeks agoread more
  • Punjab introduces “Paani Bacho, Paise Kamao” scheme to motivate farmers to pump less Aimed at improving water use efficiency, the Punjab State Power Corporation Limited has come up with a new scheme, “Paani Bacho, Paise Kamao”. Under this, farmers will be compensated for decreased use ...
    seetha@indiawat...posted 1 month 3 weeks agoread more
  • World Bank approves Atal Bhujal Yojana to improve groundwater management The World Bank has approved Rs 6,000-crore Atal Bhujal Yojana which aims to improve groundwater management in priority areas through community participation over a period of five years. Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Prad...
    seetha@indiawat...posted 2 months 4 days agoread more
  • Rajasthan is all geared up for the open defecation free (ODF) status well before the national deadline of October 2, 2019. According to the assistant engineer of the nagar parishad, Resha Singh, 4.75 lakh toilets have been constructed since October 2, 2014 in Alwar district which is about to be decl...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 4 days agoread more
  • Lewari, a village located around 17 km from Alwar in Rajasthan, is the site of a water conflict these days. “The production of Jayanti jaljeera, haazme ka lalantop drink (a digestive drink) has left our village parched,” says Nanak Singh, a resident. Singh is referring to the excessive quantity ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • There seems to be no end to the drinking water crisis in the Bemetara district in Chhattisgarh. It is only becoming worse with every passing day. More than 40 percent of all the hand pumps installed in the district have run dry due to the depletion of groundwater level.   This situation h...
    makarandpurohitposted 2 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Hello, Every time it rains, I see huge rain water gushing through the roads and drains of Bangalore city. The entire water gets wasted as it reaches the sewage and flows out of city as sewage water. If we can stock this running water across the areas, it should recharge the depleting ground water a...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 20 hours agoread more
  • Hello, I have two bore wells on my premises. One of which is being used regularly. Another one is unused as the first one is giving sufficient water for current usage, Recently I was advised (maybe wrongly) that if I do not use water from the bore well, the underlying water will flow to neighborhoo...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 2 days agoread more
  • Hi, We had an old borewell with 70 feet depth in our house in West mambalam, Chennai. After 10 years of use, the pipe was struck after the floods and water was not coming. We drilled new borewell one year back - 260 feet depth. Rock was hit at 80 feet and casing was done for approximately same dept...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 3 months 6 days agoread more
  • Farhanuddin was just five years old when a pain in his knee began bothering him. It was 2013. Slowly, his legs began to change shape. They got so badly deformed that it began to affect his everyday life. He was gloomy and tired most times and had trouble walking. His parents thought that lengra bhoo...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 1 week agoread more
  • Entering its second year, the Graduate Program of Water Science and Policy 2018 at Shiv Nadar University envisages a multi-disciplinary classroom, engagement and content delivered by some of the best minds globally – experts on water who have worked on ground realities, made policies and initiated...
    priyadposted 3 months 1 week agoread more

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Toxic industrial waste has polluted groundwater in Ratlam. Residents wait for action from authorities.

A resident of Bajankheda village in Ratlam district of Madhya Pradesh, Sitabai Tindor shows her pot full of water to us. A strange red, the water looks unusual. “We have been using this red water for domestic use for the last two decades. Industries in Ratlam has spoilt our land and water. The government has not provided us with any alternatives. For industrial misdeeds, why should we suffer?” asks a visibly distraught Sitabai.

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Hello. I'm Sriganesh from salem. I live in the main part of the urban city. I have a borewell that is unused and it has good amounts of water. I dont want to waste it. Suggest me some good feasible ideas that I can work out to start earning from it. Thanks in advance.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

A study points out that pit latrines with onsite sanitation systems are a source of groundwater contamination.

Groundwater is a major source of water for a large number of Indians with 66 percent rural households and 27 percent urban households directly depending on it for drinking purposes, as per Census 2011. There is a greater daily dependence on groundwater for non-potable uses.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

What Basubai and her children needed to fight fluorosis was access to safe drinking water.

Basubai is a mother of three young children—Ajay (9), Manju (11) and Sonu (13). She is married to Mukesh Singh in Jamniamota village in Bakaner block in Dhar district, Madhya Pradesh. Annoyed by the yellowing and staining of the teeth of her children, she would always complain to her husband that the children do not listen to her. They do not clean their teeth properly which has resulted in this condition.

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Watershed management is not just to harvest and store water but also to create democratic processes at the village level and enable inclusive, sustainable development that meets the people's needs.

In India, although we have approximately four months of monsoon (which is basically 45 days of effective rainfall), in drought prone areas, there are only 10-15 days of harvestable rain in the entire season. If you don't get enough rain during those days, it's a cause for worry.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

To make access to water adequate and equitable, the focus must shift from water sources to water resources. Science, community participation and cooperation, are key to addressing our water woes.

A growing demand for water implies the need for an improved understanding of our resources, and the ability to manage that demand in an equitable and sustainable way.

Wells, not dams, have been the temples of modern India

India is a groundwater economy. At 260 cubic km per year, our country is the highest user of groundwater in the world - we use 25 percent of all groundwater extracted globally, ahead of USA and China.

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Regions

Hello Sir,

I live in Kolkata under Kolkata Municipality. Sir, I wated to ask you if I have to take any permission from municipality for borewell?

Please give me the solution.

Thanks

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Sir,

We are residing in Saraswathi nagar, Adambakkam,Chennai. We have a bore well pump 90 feet below. It was drilled 16 years back. But now it has stopped pumping water. We doubt if ground water exists. Can the same bore be flushed out and tried again? Shall we drill a new Borewell?

Pl kindly suggest.

Thanks

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Studies reveal that efforts at guinea worm eradication have triggered the spread of hydrofluorosis in Rajasthan.

Up until two decades ago, the main sources of drinking water in Rajasthan included surface water from perennial ponds, reservoirs, lakes, dams, rivers and streams with borewells and tubewells used sparingly and only in remote areas. All this changed when guinea worm infections started appearing in the state. 

Attachments

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Kindly provide me the legal standards/procedure to dig borewell in a private land but near a forest land.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

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