Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • A dominant characteristic of a peri-urban site is its transition out of an agrarian economy due to industrialisation and urbanisation. This usually manifests in the form of agricultural land either left barren or sold for developmental activities and farmers and agricultural labourers looking for an...
    arathiposted 1 week 19 hours agoread more
  • Hi, In my farming land I recently drilled a new bore well. It's got stuck and we are not able to lift it out with chain blocker. Bore well details Total Feet: 180 Casing Feet: 60 (6") Motor type: 3HP motor (4") connected Pipe: HDPE single pipe (150 feets) Motor pump is at 135 feets deep in bore well...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • We recently dug bore of 500 feet in Yercaud(TN).Initially there was no trace of water during drilling and found only rocks starting from 7 feet until we stopped the drilling at 500 feet.Later after few days,we just tried to check if any water was there by dropping stone and we could hear tickling so...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • I put 300 feet borewell, in my area yield is moderate... is there any submersible pump with less output power for 300 feet borewell? I'm hesitatant to use compressor as it is noisy. Please suggest.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • I live in Chennai. Our borewell is not yielding water and many of my neighbors face the same issue. plumber suggested us to drill another borewell. We do not have space , as our first floor extends to cover the entire plot area, hence the only way which our plumber suggests is to drill hole in the r...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • We had 100 Ft bore which went dry, we called borewell driller, they came, remove old motor and drilled additional 150 Ft, ( water was found at 220-240 ft) We installed new motor, new pipes, wire and rope. After starting motor, to our dismay, delivery was around 1/2 inch only. But driller had said we...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • I recently had a borewell done at my home. I was suppose to dig a borewell upto 120ft, the starting process was extremely easy as 40 ft was digged very easily with water been available at 40 to 45 ft ,but further during the drilling process they drilled another 20ft in which the shaft of the machine...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • Hello Sir, We have a bore well in Bhubaneswar Orissa and for first 30 minutes the water comes from borewell is red color and after that red color disappears. Is there any iron filter available in the market that i can attach to bore well before the water is stored in Over Head tank. Or any other sug...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • I have recently dug borewell of 935 feet deep got water table at 2 stages, 1 at 570 feet stage and other at 825 feet, now what stage motor should I buy and what HP? Which company motor, and I am thinking to lower up to 850ft, have done casing for 420ft as up 500ft it's loose mud. Please advise me on...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • Sir, around eight months ago I dug a submersible borewell in my house. It is around 180 feet deep. After installation it started giving water with very fine yellow sand and it is still continuing. Is there any solution to this problem or I have to dig another borewell?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • I have installed new one HP jet motor at my home bore well is of 60 feet, due to water issues ... We had recently opened the bore, cleaned it and installed new jet and added 7 feet of pipe to extend the motor and there is water also till 15 feet in the ground. But after all this also we are facing ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • The borewell contractor has charged different rates for different people. He has charged us much more than the normal market rates. As there was scarcity of water at our home , we had to pay him the amount. He has taken advantage of our situation. What can we do in such scenarios. Is there any gover...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • I have drilled a borewell (1006 Feet) in 2015 December - I got water in two sources (2.5 inches) one at 550 Ft and the other at 750 Ft. Earlier I used to get water continuously even for 6-7 hours/day. But nowadays i am getting water continously only for 30 minutes, after that I'm not getting water. ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • The informal water market plays a crucial role in meeting the drinking and domestic water security of peri-urban communities. The increasing reliance on private informal water vendors in all our study villages speaks of their significance. Informal players like private RO companies, households or in...
    arathiposted 3 weeks 1 day agoread more
  • NOCs for running tubewells must for Punjab industries  To address the issue of depleting groundwater in the state, the Central Groundwater Authority (CGWA) has ordered industries in Punjab to take no objection certificates (NOCs) for the already existing tubewells inside the units. As per...
    swatiposted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • Rampura, situated in Bulandshahr district in western Uttar Pradesh, is one of the 1,200 villages on the banks of the 300-km long East Kali, a tributary of the Ganges. The river is named after goddess Kali who, according to the Hindu mythology, is fierce and fights evil by ingesting it. Till the 198...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 3 weeks agoread more
  • Pune has a story similar to many other cities in India that grew exponentially without much warning. The unplanned development hit the water resources badly, increasing the city’s dependence on groundwater. Now, the city experiences water scarcity every year, even when the monsoons have been plent...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 month 4 weeks agoread more
  • Located in Uttar Pradesh’s Baghpat district, with vast agricultural fields growing sugarcane, rice, wheat, jowar, chana and all kinds of seasonal vegetables, Dhikoli in Pilana tehsil comes across as a bustling and prosperous village. Barely an hour-long car ride from New Delhi, it is home to 15000...
    arathiposted 1 month 4 weeks agoread more
  • Rs 5000 fine on those dumping waste on Yamuna floodplains The National Green Tribunal has banned open defecation and dumping of waste on the floodplains of the Yamuna river in Delhi. Along with this, the tribunal has also ordered a compensation of Rs 5,000 on those found violating the order. Additi...
    swatiposted 2 months 2 days agoread more
  • I purchased a new RO water purifier system. Bore water TDS level is 650 PPM, after RO purification water TDS level is 70 PPM and reject water TDS level is 180 PPM. My doubt is that the TDS level of reject water is less than the borewell water - is it right or wrong?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 1 week agoread more

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Various push and pull factors of urbanisation are driving the farmers in peri-urban Hyderabad out of their fields.

A dominant characteristic of a peri-urban site is its transition out of an agrarian economy due to industrialisation and urbanisation. This usually manifests in the form of agricultural land either left barren or sold for developmental activities and farmers and agricultural labourers looking for an alternative source of livelihood. One of our study villages, Mallampet presents a case in point.

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Hi, In my farming land I recently drilled a new bore well. It's got stuck and we are not able to lift it out with chain blocker. Bore well details Total Feet: 180 Casing Feet: 60 (6") Motor type: 3HP motor (4") connected Pipe: HDPE single pipe (150 feets) Motor pump is at 135 feets deep in bore well. Now on top of motor almost 50 feet mud fell. When we checked with thread it went up to 80 feet only. We checked with some bore well vendors who said with air pressure in the bore pump there may be a 50% chance only to pull out the motor pump from bore well.

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We recently dug bore of 500 feet in Yercaud(TN).Initially there was no trace of water during drilling and found only rocks starting from 7 feet until we stopped the drilling at 500 feet.Later after few days,we just tried to check if any water was there by dropping stone and we could hear tickling sound of the water and then measured using rope and found water level of 120 feet(@380 feet).Since then we can notice stable water level of 120 feet(@380 feet) for the past 10 days .Now my query is if the water will be consistently at the same level ever?Or this is just a temporary phenomena.

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I put 300 feet borewell, in my area yield is moderate... is there any submersible pump with less output power for 300 feet borewell? I'm hesitatant to use compressor as it is noisy. Please suggest.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

I live in Chennai. Our borewell is not yielding water and many of my neighbors face the same issue. plumber suggested us to drill another borewell. We do not have space , as our first floor extends to cover the entire plot area, hence the only way which our plumber suggests is to drill hole in the roof in order for the drilling machine to fit. Is there any other option instead of drilling a hole in our roof? Appreciate the help.

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Regions

We had 100 Ft bore which went dry, we called borewell driller, they came, remove old motor and drilled additional 150 Ft, ( water was found at 220-240 ft) We installed new motor, new pipes, wire and rope. After starting motor, to our dismay, delivery was around 1/2 inch only. But driller had said we wil get 1 inch to 1.5 inch for sure. So he told us to remove the motor and check it. So we started to remove the motor ( it was kep at around 230-240 ft). After pulling out 50-55 ft, it got stuck. They tried to use chain block and pulley to remove it, but not successful .

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I recently had a borewell done at my home. I was suppose to dig a borewell upto 120ft, the starting process was extremely easy as 40 ft was digged very easily with water been available at 40 to 45 ft ,but further during the drilling process they drilled another 20ft in which the shaft of the machine was struct and gravel and sand were falling on the rotating shaft and thus tightening the drilling process. My concern is can I dig a little more upto 100 ft or will the gravel and sand block my borewell. Also can I re-dig the borewell upto 100ft Please suggest and help me sort this issue.

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Hello Sir, We have a bore well in Bhubaneswar Orissa and for first 30 minutes the water comes from borewell is red color and after that red color disappears. Is there any iron filter available in the market that i can attach to bore well before the water is stored in Over Head tank. Or any other suggestion to solve this critical problem .This problem exists in our area for most of the bore well. Best Regards, Santosh

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I have recently dug borewell of 935 feet deep got water table at 2 stages, 1 at 570 feet stage and other at 825 feet, now what stage motor should I buy and what HP? Which company motor, and I am thinking to lower up to 850ft, have done casing for 420ft as up 500ft it's loose mud. Please advise me on stage, HP and company of pump I have to buy.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Sir, around eight months ago I dug a submersible borewell in my house. It is around 180 feet deep. After installation it started giving water with very fine yellow sand and it is still continuing. Is there any solution to this problem or I have to dig another borewell?

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

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