Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • Punjab introduces “Paani Bacho, Paise Kamao” scheme to motivate farmers to pump less Aimed at improving water use efficiency, the Punjab State Power Corporation Limited has come up with a new scheme, “Paani Bacho, Paise Kamao”. Under this, farmers will be compensated for decreased use ...
    seetha@indiawat...posted 2 days 15 hours agoread more
  • World Bank approves Atal Bhujal Yojana to improve groundwater management The World Bank has approved Rs 6,000-crore Atal Bhujal Yojana which aims to improve groundwater management in priority areas through community participation over a period of five years. Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Prad...
    seetha@indiawat...posted 1 week 2 days agoread more
  • Rajasthan is all geared up for the open defecation free (ODF) status well before the national deadline of October 2, 2019. According to the assistant engineer of the nagar parishad, Resha Singh, 4.75 lakh toilets have been constructed since October 2, 2014 in Alwar district which is about to be decl...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 week 2 days agoread more
  • Lewari, a village located around 17 km from Alwar in Rajasthan, is the site of a water conflict these days. “The production of Jayanti jaljeera, haazme ka lalantop drink (a digestive drink) has left our village parched,” says Nanak Singh, a resident. Singh is referring to the excessive quantity ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 weeks 14 hours agoread more
  • There seems to be no end to the drinking water crisis in the Bemetara district in Chhattisgarh. It is only becoming worse with every passing day. More than 40 percent of all the hand pumps installed in the district have run dry due to the depletion of groundwater level.   This situation h...
    makarandpurohitposted 3 weeks 6 days agoread more
  • Hello, Every time it rains, I see huge rain water gushing through the roads and drains of Bangalore city. The entire water gets wasted as it reaches the sewage and flows out of city as sewage water. If we can stock this running water across the areas, it should recharge the depleting ground water a...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 5 days agoread more
  • Hello, I have two bore wells on my premises. One of which is being used regularly. Another one is unused as the first one is giving sufficient water for current usage, Recently I was advised (maybe wrongly) that if I do not use water from the bore well, the underlying water will flow to neighborhoo...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • Hi, We had an old borewell with 70 feet depth in our house in West mambalam, Chennai. After 10 years of use, the pipe was struck after the floods and water was not coming. We drilled new borewell one year back - 260 feet depth. Rock was hit at 80 feet and casing was done for approximately same dept...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • Farhanuddin was just five years old when a pain in his knee began bothering him. It was 2013. Slowly, his legs began to change shape. They got so badly deformed that it began to affect his everyday life. He was gloomy and tired most times and had trouble walking. His parents thought that lengra bhoo...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • Entering its second year, the Graduate Program of Water Science and Policy 2018 at Shiv Nadar University envisages a multi-disciplinary classroom, engagement and content delivered by some of the best minds globally – experts on water who have worked on ground realities, made policies and initiated...
    priyadposted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hi, We have an query regarding compression pump / submersible pump for domestic use in our native place. We have shallow installed which is currently working via Hand pump. The shallow / bore well is 600 feet deep, with 70 - 80ft 4in pipe and remaining 520-530 ft in 2in pipe. During summer water le...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 2 months 3 days agoread more
  • Hello, We have an query regarding recommendation of a compression pump / submersible pump for use in our native place, Midnapore District, West Bengal. We have shallow / borewell installed which is currently working via hand pump. The borewell is 600 feet deep, with 70 - 80ft having 4in pipe and re...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 5 days agoread more
  • Fluorosis continues to be a regional issue in Telangana to this day, even decades after the first cases were discovered in Nalgonda in 1937. More than three lakh people in the district are affected with skeletal and dental fluorosis, a stigma that has stuck for generations. Excessive fluor...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • Agriculture is of central importance to India’s economy with more than half of the workforce in the country depending on it for their livelihoods. However, it is increasingly being threatened due to climate-change-induced changing rainfall patterns and water scarcity having a negative impact on pr...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • In 2010, nine-year-old Kailash from Miyati village, Jhabua developed symptoms of skeletal fluorosis. Fluorosis, which affects millions of people in India, is a health issue caused due to high fluoride content in drinking water. Skeletal fluorosis is marked by deformed bones. It affected all aspects ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • Dear All, I have a property in Madipakkam, Chennai. I drilled borewell in the year 2000 in my property at about 200 ft. From that time till now, I am getting only one bucket of water, approximately equivalent to 50 litres per day till now. I feel that this is very low and so am thinking of reinspe...
    arunancposted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • What is the exhibition about The river Ganga forms one of the most densely populated river basins in the world. It is also a highly engineered hydrological super-surface. Human activity combined with the dynamic nature of the monsoons has resulted in the river undergoing radical physical changes ev...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • A recent BBC report projected that Bengaluru will run out of water soon. Yes, it was a superficial list of cities that already have water problem. It just pronounced the harsh verdict without any in-depth analysis of the factors involved. That’s like taking a casual look at an emaciated man and s...
    priyadposted 2 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Namaste, Our borewell report indicates the following : - 450 feet depth - 180 feet water - 2.75" yield, Currently, there is no tank, but let us assume that there will be a overhead tank around 50 feet higher. Questions : - What would be the submersible pump specification needed? - What power is ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hi, We have a 400ft borewell dig that got drained recently. We would like to go until 1000ft and as it is a constructed house, we cannot go with normal borewell lorry. One of the borewell company suggested for underroof compact drillers like below: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KQdQs5adTag. More ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 2 months 2 weeks agoread more

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Policy matters this week

Punjab introduces “Paani Bacho, Paise Kamao” scheme to motivate farmers to pump less

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Policy matters this week

World Bank approves Atal Bhujal Yojana to improve groundwater management

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Toilets in households have only increased the drudgery of village women as they have to fetch water from faraway sources for toilet use.

Rajasthan is all geared up for the open defecation free (ODF) status well before the national deadline of October 2, 2019. According to the assistant engineer of the nagar parishad, Resha Singh, 4.75 lakh toilets have been constructed since October 2, 2014 in Alwar district which is about to be declared ODF.

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Water conflict in Rajasthan’s Alwar district is not just between upstream and downstream users; it is also between users with domestic, agricultural and industrial needs.

Lewari, a village located around 17 km from Alwar in Rajasthan, is the site of a water conflict these days. “The production of Jayanti jaljeera, haazme ka lalantop drink (a digestive drink) has left our village parched,” says Nanak Singh, a resident. Singh is referring to the excessive quantity of water being used for manufacturing a digestive drink by a factory located in his village. The indiscriminate use of a lake bed in the village for industrial use has led to groundwater scarcity during peak summer months.

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Chhattisgarh’s Bemetara district has been facing severe water shortage for a while now. Rainwater harvesting could be a solution to this.

There seems to be no end to the drinking water crisis in the Bemetara district in Chhattisgarh. It is only becoming worse with every passing day. More than 40 percent of all the hand pumps installed in the district have run dry due to the depletion of groundwater level.  

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Hello,

Every time it rains, I see huge rain water gushing through the roads and drains of Bangalore city. The entire water gets wasted as it reaches the sewage and flows out of city as sewage water. If we can stock this running water across the areas, it should recharge the depleting ground water and increase the availability of water in private bore wells which shall decrease the load on the troubled water supply board.

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Hello,

I have two bore wells on my premises. One of which is being used regularly. Another one is unused as the first one is giving sufficient water for current usage, Recently I was advised (maybe wrongly) that if I do not use water from the bore well, the underlying water will flow to neighborhood bore wells, which are continuously used. This will lead to long term shortage of water in my unused bore well. So I should keep using the second bore well as well. Is this logical and correct advise? Please help in understanding.

Thanks

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Hi,

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Safer water and better nutrition were key in mitigating fluorosis problem in parts of the state.

Farhanuddin was just five years old when a pain in his knee began bothering him. It was 2013. Slowly, his legs began to change shape. They got so badly deformed that it began to affect his everyday life. He was gloomy and tired most times and had trouble walking. His parents thought that lengra bhoot or evil spirit was tormenting them like hundreds of others who were becoming crippled in the village of Tapatjuri in Nagaon district in Assam. Little Farhan could barely eat, wash or take a stroll without assistance.

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Entering its second year, the Graduate Program of Water Science and Policy 2018 at Shiv Nadar University envisages a multi-disciplinary classroom, engagement and content delivered by some of the best minds globally – experts on water who have worked on ground realities, made policies and initiated change.

June 30, 2018 12:00AM

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