Rainwater Harvesting

Rainwater harvesting (RWH) is a simple method by which rainfall is collected for future usage. The collected rainwater may be stored, utilised in different ways or directly used for recharge purposes. With depleting groundwater levels and fluctuating climate conditions, RWH can go a long way to help mitigate these effects. Capturing the rainwater can help recharge local aquifers, reduce urban flooding and most importantly ensure water availability in water-scarce zones. Though the term seems to have picked up greater visibility in the last few years, it was, and is even today, a traditional practice followed in rural India. Some ancient rainwater harvesting methods followed in India include madakas, ahar pynes, surangas, taankas and many more.

This water conservation method can be easily practiced in individual homes, apartments, parks, offices and temples too, across the world. Farmers have recharged their dry borewells, created water banks in drought areas, greened their farms, increased sustainability of their water resources and even created a river. Technical know how for the rooftop RWH with direct storage can be availed for better implementation. RWH An effective method in water scarce times, it is also an easily doable practice. Practical advice is available in books written by Indukanth Ragade & Shree Padre, talks by Anupam Mishra and other easy to follow fun ways

Read our FAQ on Rainwater Harvesting and have many basic questions answered.

  • Dear India Water Portal, We are looking forward to implementing rainwater harvesting system in our society at Thane, Maharashtra. We would be grateful if you could help us with the same. Thankyou
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 years 7 months agoread more
  • We have an existing bore well and the yield has come down. Can you suggest methods for deepening? The people at hyderabad who do it are experts, but still the water is trickling. We are also trying to put water recharging pits. Thanks
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 years 8 months agoread more
  • I am constructing a house and I need details regarding rain water harvesting for it. Thanks, Ashwathanarayana  
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 years 8 months agoread more
  • Located at an altitude of 1270 metres , Kikruma, a quaint village nestled in a rainshadowed area of Phek district of Nagaland is a wonder. Centuries ago, the village evolved a self-organizing system to take care of its water, forest and farm management. ‘Zabo’, which means 'impounding water', is...
    Usha Dewaniposted 4 years 9 months agoread more
  • In the last five decades, Indore, in Madhya Pradesh, has witnessed a substantial increase in urbanisation and industrialisation. Its population has also increased from 5,60,936 in 1971 to 2,167,447 in 2011 (Census 2011). This increase has resulted in an increased demand for water, aggravating the wa...
    makarandpurohitposted 4 years 9 months agoread more
  • Kaladera, a small village about 40 km from Jaipur has always been known for its chaubandi (mud resist printing) and natural dyeing but it has been getting a lot of attention since 1999. No, it's not because of the handicraft but because of Coca Cola, which set up a bottling plant there. Soon af...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 4 years 10 months agoread more
  • Sukhomajri village has long been a reminder of people's participation in ecological preservation and in turn, greater economic good. The small village in Panchkula district of Haryana changed its fortunes when it entered into joint forest management with the help of the Chandigarh-based Central So...
    Manu Moudgilposted 4 years 10 months agoread more
  • HelloI would like to harvest rainwater in my home. Would you be able to refer me to a service provider?Thank youSankar
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 years 10 months agoread more
  • Query received over facebookPlease send me some information on rainwater harvesting. Can you help us implement water harvesting in our colony? We are at greater Noida.Regards
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 years 11 months agoread more
  • Increasing urbanization in India has led to soaring freshwater demands and has hence resulted in large amounts of wastewater generation. This water crisis is mainly a consequence of the current water management regime which focuses on centralized water management. We need to implement sustainable an...
    ravleenposted 4 years 11 months agoread more
  • Sehgal foundation has constructed the check dam at Rawli village in Mewat, Haryana for recharging the groundwater. The check dam, that will serve the bordering villages at Haryana and Rajasthan, has been inaugurated and handed over to the project beneficiaries committee for operation and maintenance...
    swatiposted 4 years 11 months agoread more
  • Fresh water found on land has only two primary sources - melting of ice, and rain. Harvesting rain is crucial for sustaining both the surface and sub-soil water sources. That this has been well understood throughout rural India historically is evident from the numerous age-old water harvesting syste...
    Seethaposted 4 years 12 months agoread more
  • NGT tells Mahagenco to use clean coalThe National Green Tribunal has ordered the Maharashtra power utility to strictly abide by the Environment Ministry's notification, which prohibits coal and power utilities from using coal that has over 34% ash content. Inferior quality coal generates large amoun...
    ravleenposted 4 years 12 months agoread more
  • The recent World Water Development Report by the United Nations has projected that India's demand for water is likely to surpass availability by 2050. The analysis is based on the fact that the country’s per capita availability of water has declined by three times over the past six decades- the pe...
    swatiposted 5 years 1 week agoread more
  • Bangalore water mafia goes innovative to evade lawThe water mafia, with the help of local political leaders, has taken to digging borewells in rented premises in localities closer to lakes. This started after the government started monitoring borewells in the cityToxic veggies on Navi Mumbai's railw...
    ravleenposted 5 years 3 weeks agoread more
  • Many great civilisations have thrived near rivers with people moving in search of water across swathes of lands. The same holds true for present day Punjab, especially its farmers.Ajaib Singh migrated to Bhawanigarh in Sangrur eight years back. He sold off 4 acres of his ancestral farmland at Sandha...
    Manu Moudgilposted 5 years 3 weeks agoread more
  • Hi!Please can someone tell me if we can direct the RO waster water to the rain water harvest pit?I am currently constructing my house and it has 3 kitchens each with a RO filter installed, as we dont have drinking water supply yet. I was thinking  of directing the RO waste water from each kitch...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 5 years 3 weeks agoread more
  • Finally, prediction of low monsoon from the horse's mouthThe Indian Meteorological Department, corroborating global assessment of the El Nino, has predicted “below normal” rainfall during monsoon this year with a rainfall of 95% of the long period average Low rainfall kills tea crop in TripuraAb...
    ravleenposted 5 years 3 weeks agoread more
  • No deal on Teesta irks Bangladesh Opposition The Bangladesh Nationalist Party has blamed the ruling government for not being able to ink a deal on Teesta river's water sharing. Dams on the river on the Indian side have hindered its flow and led to water scarcity in northern BangladeshAlarming w...
    ravleenposted 5 years 3 weeks agoread more
  • Himachal villages to carry out own EIA90,000 people from 250 villages in the Sutlej basin of Himachal Pradesh decide to carry out their own assessment of the environmental damage caused by hydropower projects. They allege that the state-sponsored Indian Council of Forest Research and Education repor...
    ravleenposted 5 years 3 weeks agoread more

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How the Doha model of groundwater recharge saved the livelihoods of farmers in Maharashtra.

There was a time when the farmers of Yavatmal district depended completely on rainfed agriculture. That was before the introduction of Doha, a water harvesting structure by NGO Dilasa Sansthan in 2014. Farming changed drastically after that, something which Sitaram Kove, a 40-year-old farmer of Rajini village in the district, will vouch for. Once a distressed farmer like many in Vidarbha and Marathwada, he is now content with the productivity of his six-acre-farm that has doubled since the introduction of Doha.

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Tamil Nadu continues to witness cycles of flood and drought annually. Mismanagement of traditional water management systems is one of the main reasons.

That Tamil Nadu qualifies to be dubbed as a land of climate paradoxes is beyond debate. The massive flood of 2015 was quickly followed by a punishing drought in 2016. Though the state benefited marginally from the south-west monsoon, as is usually the case, the biggest let down was the manner in which the more dominant north-east monsoon had panned out. Tamil Nadu wound up with a paltry 168.3 mm of rainfall during the north-east monsoon season as against the normal 440.4 mm, leaving the state with an overall deficit of close to 62 percent of the long-term expected average precipitation.

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There are many unsung heroes amidst us who go about their good work silently. Chattar Singh is one such hero who has revived traditional water management system of the parched Jaisalmer villages.

“Can you see the alternating bands of light and shadow in the sky?” Chattar Singh asks me. When I nod in affirmation, he continues, “This is Mogh. There are clouds where the sun is setting right now. If we get a favourable wind, these clouds will reach here and we may get rain by night. In desert, people live by such clues from nature.”  

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This book by Shri Anupam Mishra documents the life and work of individuals and communities across India, in setting up water harvesting and management systems through talaabs (lakes / tanks).

In Aaj Bhi Khare Hain Talaab, Shri Anupam Mishra documents the life and work of several individuals and communities, across the country, in setting up water harvesting and management systems through talaabs (lakes / tanks).

These traditional water bodies are the lifeline of many villages and towns in the country even today. Their work serves as a guide, in organising to face and tackle the current water crisis in the country.

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An analysis by IMD proves that rainwater harvesting is the best way to overcome the continuous dry spells the country witnesses.

A recent analysis by the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) determined the rooftop rainwater harvesting potential of the districts in Maharashtra in a year by calculating the average amount of rainwater in litres that can be caught over one square foot roof area. Head of IMD’s Climate Application Group, Dr Pulak Guhathakurta spoke to India Water Portal on the findings of the

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The holy city of Ujjain is dealing with severe water and sanitation issues. A study reveals serious anomalies in the WASH situation in the city.

Despite all the hype around Swachh Bharat Mission, the situation on the ground remains dismal. The city of Ujjain is located on the western part of Madhya Pradesh on the Malwa Plateau and is primarily a religious tourism centre due to the Mahakal temple. The temple is not only one of the 12 jyotirlingas in India but also has prominence as the location for the Simhastha Kumbh Mela every 12 years.

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Dear IWP

I live in a gated community with over 200 villas. We s a community are very conscious of our environment and practice Rain water harvesting, composting of waste, tree planting etc. However recently some members have started promoting RO treatment for the entire water supplied to the community through our water supply system.

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One of the temple ponds of Kooram, neglected for years, has been revived by well-meaning citizens.

For hundreds of years, tanks, both big and small, served people and cattle alike in Tamil Nadu. Chennai’s neighbouring district of Kancheepuram was the the wealthiest when it came to water through these means. The Chola and Pallava kings, along with various other major and minor royal houses of the time, dug out massive irrigation tanks or eris, as they are known locally, to support agriculture in a terrain fed by seasonal rains.

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Hello

I live in Bhimtal, Uttarakhand. We are in process of finalizing a design for our cafe. Since we are constructing afresh, we would like to do it right and imbibe a rainwater harvesting system in the construction. The architect has been chosen and the final capacity will depend on the area of construction. It rains 1670mm annually, on an average.

I would like to know if there is a provision of subsidy from the government for installing rainwater harvesting in the property; and how to go about applying for it.

Regards

Akanksha Bumb

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December 14, 2016 9:30AM

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