Rainfed Agriculture

  • Bamboo trees bloomed with long wispy spikes weighing heavy on the stalks. While it might've made for a pretty picture, Loknath Nauri knew it would be a tough year. “More the density of the flowers, the more severe the drought we face,” he says. This was in March 2015 in the forests of southern O...
    Manu Moudgilposted 4 years 6 months agoread more
  • Paraswani village in Balodabazar district, Chhattisgarh contains vast reserves of limestone, a sedimentary rock that is a primary ingredient in the cement manufacturing process. Since 1992, Ultratech Cement Ltd. (UTCL) followed by four other similar companies, have begun excavating this rock within ...
    makarandpurohitposted 4 years 7 months agoread more
  • A thick smog and haze eclipse the sun all through the day when jhum areas are burnt. Jhum, known as shifting cultivation a practice practice involving the slash-and-burn of felled trees in a forest patch followed by farming, is home to India's northeast. These lands usually lie on the...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 4 years 9 months agoread more
  • Rivers are the not just the lifeline of our country, but life itself. We may revere them, even worship them but we continue to pollute, choke, and poison their waters. A river, its catchment area, and its floodplains have evolved over millions of years, and once damaged, may not be easy to reclaim.A...
    sabitakaushalposted 4 years 9 months agoread more
  • It had not rained for awhile and the tiny cracks in the earth in Bapugaon were opening up. This little village in Chaksu tehsil of Jaipur was yet again faced with a drought in the mid 1980s. The situation was aggravated in 1986 when the river Dhund, an important water source for Bapugaon, went dry. ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 4 years 10 months agoread more
  • In India, about Rs.70,000 crore has been invested in the Rural Water Supply sector since independence by the central and the state governments. To build rural infrastructure, Bharat Nirman, of which rural drinking water was one component, was launched by the Govern...
    makarandpurohitposted 4 years 10 months agoread more
  • Dr. Indira Khurana, co-author of the book, 'Reflections of managing water: Earth's greatest natural resource', an initiative of the Balipara Foundation, has been working on water issues for more than a decade. In an interview with India Water Portal, she talks about her journey that l...
    sabitakaushalposted 4 years 12 months agoread more
  • Dr. Dinesh Kumar Mishra of Barh Mukti Abhiyaan, an authority on the river network of North Bihar speaks to India Water Portal about the flood problems, the skewed flood control policy of the Government, the Kosi breach of 2008 and the gargantuan interlinking of rivers project.How do the locals perce...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 5 years 1 week agoread more
  • History tells of various methods by which people called upon the rains -- music, dance and religious rituals. The government of Maharashtra, however, plans to try out cloud seeding. The state government has already given an in-principle nod to a proposal to set aside Rs 10 crore for the project whic...
    Manu Moudgilposted 5 years 3 weeks agoread more
  • Introduction: The GangesThe first discussion was on June 4 2011, in which Rama Rauta and K C Sivaramakrishnan shared their experiences of working with the government and people’s organisations to save the Ganga.The utility, aesthetic and religious value of the natural ecology of the Ganga and...
    sabitakaushalposted 5 years 3 weeks agoread more
  • Declining groundwater levels and increasing stress on water resources in rural areas in India is a major concern for development since the livelihoods of a majority of the rural population depends on agriculture and the availability of sustainable water resources. More productive use of rainwater is...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 5 years 3 weeks agoread more
  • The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA), which continues to be the largest public employment program involving Rs.34,600 crore in a period of just five years since its implementation, was enacted on August 25, 2005 and renamed as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Gua...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 5 years 1 month agoread more
  • Climate change has resulted in drastic seasonal fluctuations leading to erratic rainfalls and prolonged droughts in India. This has been posing an increasing threat to the agriculture and food security of the country, with increasing stress on rural livelihoods and resources such as land, soil, wate...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 5 years 1 month agoread more
  • Chedua Bedia is a 47-year-old marginal farmer from Dubulabeda village, Angara block of Ranchi district. In addition to being a successful farmer, Chedua has founded a school and motivates other farmers from his village to attend classes! This is a special school called the Farmers Field School where...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 5 years 1 month agoread more
  • Centre constitutes third expert body to review Uttarakhand dams The Environment Ministry has appointed yet another Committee to review hydropower projects on the Ganga basin in Uttarakhand, after it has received a negative response from the earlier two bodies. It is altogether a new body and not ju...
    Swati Bansalposted 5 years 1 month agoread more
  • Please provide us some background on the hydrogeology of Maharashtra and its special features, which make it stand out as compared to the other parts of the country. Maharashtra is a relatively better off state in the country in terms of rainfall, but it may soon become a state facing increasing wa...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 5 years 3 months agoread more
  • Amulya Soren couldn’t get stable yields in the kharif (monsoon) paddy in his farm. A member of the Santhal tribe, he was the beneficiary of a surplus land redistribution programme in Hirbandh block of Bankura, West Bengal. The undulating terrain in which his farm lies receives sufficient rain...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 5 years 3 months agoread more
  • 596 brick kilns along Ganga's banks are pushing it away from Patna Per records of the Bihar State Pollution Control Board (BSPCB), there are nearly 596 brick kilns along the banks of the Ganga, which are pushing away the river from Patna. This has been reiterated by the technical panel of the State...
    Swati Bansalposted 5 years 3 months agoread more
  • Climate change has been predicted to create increasing risks for the agricultural sector thus inversely affecting agricultural production and farm incomes in India. These risks have already manifested in the form of increasing intensity and extent of droughts, floods, temperature rise and fall, and ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 5 years 3 months agoread more
  • India has a high proportion of underweight children less than 5 years of age. This not only affects the physical health of the children but also their cognitive growth. The National Food Security  Act (NFSA) aims to provide legal rights on subsidised foodgrains to 63.5 percent of the populat...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 5 years 5 months agoread more

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Will direct income support boost agriculture and shift focus from country’s food security to farmers’ income security?

The decline in public, as well as private investment, has led to a slowdown in the growth of agriculture and allied sectors in the last five years. The crisis in the agrarian sector had intensified over the last few years. It is now the political talking point with many farmers' rallies, marches and protests being held all over the country. The good news, however, is that this year’s budget has a slew of initiatives for farmers. But will that bring relief to them?

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While changing rainfall patterns, increased frequency of cyclones, droughts and floods threaten food and water security in India, adaptation strategies to cope with these changes are crucial.

India is undergoing a major transition with changes in rainfall patterns leading to increased frequency of droughts, floods, heat waves amidst fear of a major water crisis in the years to come. Why are these threats increasing?

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Policy matters this week

Identify farmers for income support scheme: NITI Aayog to states

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News this week

Indian Sunderbans gets recognition under Ramsar Convention on Wetlands 

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Thousands of farmers in Bardhaman district, known as the rice bowl of West Bengal, are suffering huge losses due to the shortage of water.

Nikhil Bagdi has attempted suicide twice in the past one month. Fortunately, his neighbours came to his rescue whenever he tried to end his life by hanging from the ceiling of his room. Nikhil lives in Serorai village of Bardhaman district in West Bengal, a little over 120 kilometres from Kolkata. 

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There are many reasons why we see more droughts in India these days. Here is all the information that you need to know droughts better.

Droughts are one of the most feared natural calamities in India impacting food production, the economy as well as the morale of millions of farmers in a country where

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Once abundant with water, Sikri village is fighting a losing battle to meet its water needs.

Sikri is a small village that lies 65 km north-west of Bharatpur on the Alwar road. The village used to depend on a traditional irrigation system that assured water throughout the year. A local saying related to the water availability at Sikri goes thus: Lakh daal le chittri, jay rahoongi Sikri (You may put lakhs of fetters to stop it, but the waters will still reach Sikri). This saying has lost its sheen today as the village is now finding itself in the centre of a struggle for water among farmers.

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Here is a look at the challenges faced by small farmers in India and how they can be dealt with.

As per the agricultural statistics of 2014, nearly 430 people depend on farming in India while 263 million people are either farmers or agricultural workers. Farmers are major contributors to the growth of Indian economy and their concerns impact policies in the country. 

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The Himalayan wetlands are under threat due to unregulated urbanisation and unsustainable tourism. Urgent attention at the policy level is the need of the hour.

Wetlands are very important and productive ecosystems that support a wide range of plants and animals and provide livelihood opportunities to local communities in India. However, they are increasingly being threatened by rapid urbanisation, pollution, developmental interventions, unsustainable management practices and encroachment.

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Scientists develop transgenic rice that can grow under high salinity and drought.

A group of researchers from Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) and University of Illinois have developed transgenic rice that promises to generate high yields even under conditions of high salinity, high temperature and drought.

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