COVID-19 induced significant economic and social disruptions in India. Rural households, including smallholders, were affected by loss in migrant income, livelihood and farm and non-farm income.
India has over 2,50,000 Gram Panchayats, which manage the governance of over 6,64,000 villages spread across the country.
Groundwater reserves are depleting at rapid rates in India, which is one of the world’s largest consumer of groundwater with it providing 60 percent of the irrigation needs of the country.
The agriculture sector is confronted with high price volatility, low returns, low productivity and weather risks.
“Female labour participation has been declining across India from 1990 to 2019. It has declined from 31% to 25% from 2005 to 2010 and further to 20% in 2019. This has contributed to employment loss for women.
Three farm-related Bills were recently passed in the Parliament by the BJP led government at the Center, which have subsequently received presidential assent.
Climate change has been a popular buzzword for the last two decades in the international policy arena, stimulating multitude of ideas and a few action commitments at different levels of governments.