Irrigation

  • Women, major contributors in agriculture and irrigation Women constitute a major workforce in agriculture with 75 percent of them, as compared to 59 percent men, working in the agricultural sector in India. Barring ploughing, a major share of agricultural work such as paddy transplanting, weeding, ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 11 hours 9 min agoread more
  • Maharashtra is the second largest sugar producing state in India, after Uttar Pradesh where as high as 1.6 million farmers cultivate sugarcane on 0.7 million hectares of land. The sugarcane industry provides direct employment to about 0.16 million workers while 1.5 million workers engage in sugarcan...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 week 5 days agoread more
  • Northeast has 60 polluted river stretches: CPCB According to the latest State of India’s Environment report, there are 60 polluted river stretches based on biochemical oxygen demand in different northeastern states. The polluted river stretches in the northeastern states are Bharalu, Basistha,...
    swatiposted 2 weeks 3 days agoread more
  • The challenges to sustain groundwater dependency in India are many where groundwater over extraction is not only leading to rapid depletion of the resource, but also giving rise to water quality issues in a situation where the response at the level of policy continues to be lukewarm. A workshop t...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 weeks 1 day agoread more
  • “Every single number in the budget, be it receipts or expenditure is a lie. The budget numbers can no longer be trusted, as the difference between actual expenditure and budget estimates are off by around 25 percent. The year ends at the end of March, and the estimates are based on data only till ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 4 weeks 1 day agoread more
  • Government allocates Rs 11,500 crore to Jal Jeevan Mission for 2020-21 In the budget 2020-21, the Finance Ministry has allocated Rs 11,500 crore to the Jal Jeevan Mission for the year for 2020-21. The funds will be utilised to identify and create comprehensive measures for 100 water-stressed dis...
    swatiposted 1 month 3 days agoread more
  • After independence, India was largely food insecure but post Green Revolution around the 1970s, foodgrain production increased manifold consequently reducing food insecurity and poverty in the country, in spite of rapid population growth. Its ability to achieve targeted results was largely dependent...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 4 days agoread more
  • Union Finance Minister Ms. Nirmala Sitharaman presented the decade's first union budget in the parliament on 1st February 2020. While presenting budget for 2020-2021, she started with the country’s vision for the decade in which she emphasised on water management and clean rivers as one of th...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • The water crisis in Karnataka has not only led to severe agrarian distress in the eastern plains region but also created an acute shortage of domestic water, in both rural and urban areas. The 21st century has seen significant changes in demography, economy and agriculture, increasing the demand for...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • India, a groundwater stressed country India is the largest user of groundwater in the world and is experiencing an alarming depletion of its groundwater resources with withdrawal rates being much higher than replenishment. Evidence shows that India's dependence on groundwater has increased followin...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 month 4 weeks agoread more
  • A committee has been constituted to draft a new National Water Policy (NWP) and make key changes in the water governance structure and regulatory framework. It is chaired by Mihir Shah, who is a former Planning Commission member and a water expert. The committee is expected to produce a report withi...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 17 hours agoread more
  • 2019 was the seventh warmest year on record in 118 years: IMD According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), despite recording the second coldest December in 118 years, 2019 was the seventh warmest year on record since 1901. Moreover, the average temperature during the monsoon season from ...
    swatiposted 2 months 18 hours agoread more
  • This compendium by Mihir Kumar Maitra is a valuable resource for all practitioners engaged in watershed management activities in the field. The first part of the book addresses the technical and engineering aspects useful in developing natural resources like land, surface water, groundwater, crops a...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 2 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Study finds, only one out of five river basins in the country can cope with climate change According to a new study by the Indian Institute of Technology – Indore (IIT-I), only one out of five river basins in the country can withstand extreme weather events and eight out of 10 vegetation types in...
    swatiposted 2 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Agriculture the largest consumer of groundwater in India Agriculture consumes the largest share of groundwater in India - the biggest user of groundwater in the world. The past few decades have witnessed an alarming depletion of groundwater resources in the country. While almost half of the agricul...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 2 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • The recent trade war between the United States and China was, among other things, about virtual water - the hidden water in products. Producing anything, whether it is soyabean or clothes, uses water, and has a water footprint. Even after production, shipping and trading also have a hidden water cos...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 4 weeks agoread more
  • A new study finds that introducing coarse cereals such as millet and sorghum could improve India’s national food supply in many ways. The study by the Data Science Institute at Columbia University found that India’s agricultural policies have largely focused on the single objective of maxim...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 18 hours agoread more
  • The National Mission for Cleaning Ganga was set up in 2014 and the Namami Gange programme was launched the year after, with a budget outlay of Rs. 20,000 crore. The implementation of the flagship programme was followed by the framing of a draft National River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Mana...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 5 days agoread more
  • Droughts in India: types, causes and effects Droughts are greatly feared in India, impacting food production, the economy and the livelihoods of millions of farmers. 60% of India’s population is engaged in agriculture. So what is a drought? A drought can be defined as “An extended period—a...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 months 1 week agoread more
  • Water, its use, availability, and impact on people has been on the public policy debate centerstage for the past several years. In India, a growing water crisis driven by climate change, inefficiency, and water pollution is slowly moving to a near-permanent state that will harm the country’s peopl...
    priyadposted 3 months 1 week agoread more

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A study finds that women’s participation in water management institutions continues to be low in India in spite of the important role that they play in agriculture and irrigation.

Women, major contributors in agriculture and irrigation

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Overworked, poorly paid and deprived of any rights, migrant cane cutters, especially women are most vulnerable and continue to suffer from a number of health and security risks.

Maharashtra is the second largest sugar producing state in India, after Uttar Pradesh where as high as 1.6 million farmers cultivate sugarcane on 0.7 million hectares of land. The sugarcane industry provides direct employment to about 0.16 million workers while 1.5 million workers engage in sugarcane harvesting and transport operations every year.

While Maharashtra boasts of having the largest cooperative sugar mills in India, private sugar mills are gaining prominence over cooperative mills over the last few years.

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News this week

Northeast has 60 polluted river stretches: CPCB

According to the latest State of India’s Environment report, there are 60 polluted river stretches based on biochemical oxygen demand in different northeastern states.

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Decentralised groundwater governance frameworks that integrate democratic institutional mechanisms are needed to deal with the current groundwater crisis in India.

The challenges to sustain groundwater dependency in India are many where groundwater over extraction is not only leading to rapid depletion of the resource, but also giving rise to water quality issues in a situation where the response at the level of policy continues to be lukewarm.

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Is the budget a bummer? Experts speak at a panel discussion organised by CBGA.

“Every single number in the budget, be it receipts or expenditure is a lie. The budget numbers can no longer be trusted, as the difference between actual expenditure and budget estimates are off by around 25 percent. The year ends at the end of March, and the estimates are based on data only till the end of December, so the estimate of receipts and expenditure in the next three months is a lie,” says Jayati Ghosh, Professor of Economics at Jawaharlal Nehru University at a panel discussion organised by the Centre for Budget and Governance Accountability (CBGA) in New Delhi recently.

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Policy matters this week

Government allocates Rs 11,500 crore to Jal Jeevan Mission for 2020-21

In the budget 2020-21, the Finance Ministry has allocated Rs 11,500 crore to the Jal Jeevan Mission for the year for 2020-21.

The funds will be utilised to identify and create comprehensive measures for 100 water-stressed districts in the country.

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How can India change the game on groundwater management to deal with its overexploited aquifers?

After independence, India was largely food insecure but post Green Revolution around the 1970s, foodgrain production increased manifold consequently reducing food insecurity and poverty in the country, in spite of rapid population growth. Its ability to achieve targeted results was largely dependent on the explosion of groundwater abstraction mechanisms like tubewells.

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Budget fails to allocate enough to turn the rhetoric of tap water to each household into reality.

Union Finance Minister Ms. Nirmala Sitharaman presented the decade's first union budget in the parliament on 1st February 2020. While presenting budget for 2020-2021, she started with the country’s vision for the decade in which she emphasised on water management and clean rivers as one of the 10 points of vision for the country. The announcement assumes importance in the light of NITI Aayog’s grim estimate that around half of the country’s population or approximately 600 million people face high to extreme water stress.

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The Karnataka Jnana Aayoga (KJA) set up a Task Group to draft a new water policy for Karnataka in December 2017 and the report is now in public domain. What are the suggestions that the report makes?

The water crisis in Karnataka has not only led to severe agrarian distress in the eastern plains region but also created an acute shortage of domestic water, in both rural and urban areas. The 21st century has seen significant changes in demography, economy and agriculture, increasing the demand for water in the state. Expanding irrigation and urbanisation, possibly have also had a negative impact on river basins and water conflicts are seeing a rise in the state. All these developments have substantially complicated and aggravated the water challenges in Karnataka.

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Gujarat shows good groundwater storage while Rajasthan shows severe groundwater depletion, inspite of both states in western India receiving good rainfall. Why is this so?

India, a groundwater stressed country

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