Informal Sector

  • A large section of the population living in the Ganga river basin still depends on the river for daily use activities and livelihood. Hence, the cleaning of the Ganga river’s water and making it safe for use remains a major goal for policymakers. Towards this end, the Namami Gange Clean-up program...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 days 22 hours agoread more
  • Panchayats have been the core of India's rural governance even before they received the constitutional mandate through the 73rd constitutional amendment in 1992, forming the basis of decentralization in the country. There are 2.5 lakh gram panchayats; over 6 lakhs villages; around 4500 urban local b...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 week 6 days agoread more
  • India is the second largest tea producer in the world, with production at 1.2 million metric tons in 2014. There are 563.98 thousand hectares of tea plantations in India and the states of Assam (304.40 thousand hectares), followed by West Bengal (140.44 thousand hectares), Tamil Nadu (69.62 thousand...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 2 weeks 2 days agoread more
  • Lockdown in April to May 2020 due to COVID-19 led to the mass migration of workers from the cities to villages. Despite strict measures by the government to stop any movement, people facing lost jobs and high cost of living in the cities began to walk back or use whatever transportation was availabl...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 weeks 3 days agoread more
  • Monsoon 2020: Countrywide deficit of 10 percent in July; September may have heavy rains As per data from the India Meteorological Department, July experienced deficient rains due to a monsoon trough (line of low pressure) moving towards the Himalayan foothills repeatedly, which left many parts of n...
    Swati Bansalposted 3 weeks 3 days agoread more
  • Through no fault of their own, migrants were forced to leave the cities after the government imposed a Covid-19 induced national lockdown in late March. After losing their work, fearing they would run out of cash and food they trudged back along with their families to the villages in search of human...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 4 weeks 1 day agoread more
  • Uttarakhand’s rural areas are marked by massive outflux of people and it is believed that rural migration may alter the state’s political geography. A comparison between the census data of 2001 and 2011 indicates a very slow decadal growth of population in most of the mountain districts of the s...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • As per the findings of an NREGA tracker launched by the People’s Action for Employment Guarantee (PAEG) the lockdown saw a record spike in jobs under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). The tracker points that over 7.62 crore households had received jobs under the ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • The Covid-19 pandemic has amplified the challenges to the youth as regards employment opportunities. The policy steps taken by the government have led to a slowdown in economic activities, leading to loss of jobs and mass unemployment. According to the report, ‘Covid-19 and the world of work’ by...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), about 63 countries across the globe have prepared National Development Framework or National Employment Policy (NEP) to decide the roadmap for employment generation mainly after the global financial crisis, 2008. They are moving towards de...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • Understanding the drivers and key risks for the private sector is of critical importance in their engagement in owning, operating, and managing safe water supply through small water enterprises. A virtual roundtable on ‘Private sector engagement for scale-up of small water enterprises’ was held ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 3 weeks agoread more
  • India stares at a Covid-19 induced waste management crisis and there is a need to strengthen waste management services. An important sanitary barrier to prevent the dissemination of illnesses and diseases, waste management’s impact on the world’s healthcare systems, and the economy are significa...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 3 weeks agoread more
  • Uncertainty - the pervasive feeling that all of us have been living with from the middle of March 2020. It's the same in our partner villages in Odisha and Jharkhand. Communities we work with have been facing and overcoming uncertainties all through their lives. But this time, the crisis has put unu...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 4 weeks agoread more
  • When the first positive case of Covid-19 was reported from Dharavi, Asia’s largest slum, known for its narrow lanes and compact housing, a sense of panic gripped the nation. And the fear and panic were not unreasonable given the extraordinary characteristics of this slum. According to Census (201...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 5 days agoread more
  • The Covid-19 pandemic has reinforced the need to create jobs locally. This intersects with the water sector's need for local management. How do we create meaningful opportunities to address the aspirations of the local talent pool and make them discoverable? Most community resource persons (CRP...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 5 days agoread more
  • As the Covid-19 pandemic was leaving deep scars around the globe, it forced governments to take measures to protect citizens and ensure food security for its people. In India, initially, it looked as if the remote rural areas would skirt the pandemic. But soon, cases emerged in tribal areas as well ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • The water crisis in India has been in the making for sometime now, and the current COVID-19 pandemic has further brought to fore the challenges of safe water and hygiene, necessary for survival. Given that approximately 600 million people are affected by some kind of water problems, we need to find ...
    Swati Bansalposted 3 months 5 days agoread more
  • Suddenly thrown out of work by a nationwide lockdown, the migrants who built our cities and our economies were forced to take the torturous walk away from the cities to their homes in rural India. As per the findings of a recent survey by the Impact and Policy Research Institute (IMPRI), New De...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 1 week agoread more
  • Nearly 260 million Indian could be pushed to poverty due to Covid-19: Researchers According to the United Nations and Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), the economic fallout owing to coronavirus could push at least 260 million people in the country into poverty. As the virus co...
    Swati Bansalposted 3 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Covid-19 pandemic has unleashed multiple challenges in different geographies, especially for the vulnerable groups living in areas that already have existing issues of water and food security. India Natural Resource Economics and Management (INREM) Foundation has worked in such areas for many y...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 3 weeks agoread more

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The fishing community is the most vulnerable as its members come into direct contact with the river water and thus, suffer the maximum impact of pollution.

A large section of the population living in the Ganga river basin still depends on the river for daily use activities and livelihood. Hence, the cleaning of the Ganga river’s water and making it safe for use remains a major goal for policymakers. Towards this end, the Namami Gange Clean-up programme was launched with a budget of Rs 20,000 crore during the period 2015–2020. However, the National Green Tribunal stated in 2017 that “not a single drop of river Ganga has been cleaned so far.”

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There is a positive correlation between the panchayat raj system and effective handling of Covid-19, says Mani Shankar Aiyar.

Panchayats have been the core of India's rural governance even before they received the constitutional mandate through the 73rd constitutional amendment in 1992, forming the basis of decentralization in the country. There are 2.5 lakh gram panchayats; over 6 lakhs villages; around 4500 urban local bodies and 4000 census towns in the country.

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Women workers from tea plantations in India are overworked and underpaid. Voiceless, without any rights at the workplace, and their health compromised, they continue to suffer in silence.

India is the second largest tea producer in the world, with production at 1.2 million metric tons in 2014.

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Efforts needed to better utilise MGNREGA funds to deter vested interests from misappropriating.

Lockdown in April to May 2020 due to COVID-19 led to the mass migration of workers from the cities to villages. Despite strict measures by the government to stop any movement, people facing lost jobs and high cost of living in the cities began to walk back or use whatever transportation was available to travel to their home villages. After resuming Shramik Express trains, the migration increased manifold, and all state governments started preparing to provide livelihoods for villagers returning home.

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Monsoon 2020: Countrywide deficit of 10 percent in July; September may have heavy rains

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The Covid-19 prompted migration crisis brought India’s inequalities into sharp relief.

Through no fault of their own, migrants were forced to leave the cities after the government imposed a Covid-19 induced national lockdown in late March. After losing their work, fearing they would run out of cash and food they trudged back along with their families to the villages in search of humanity, food, and a place to live.

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In times of heightened interest in migration and migrants, a lecture deals with key issues underpinning it.

Uttarakhand’s rural areas are marked by massive outflux of people and it is believed that rural migration may alter the state’s political geography. A comparison between the census data of 2001 and 2011 indicates a very slow decadal growth of population in most of the mountain districts of the state with Almora and Pauri Garhwal showing an absolute decline in the population.

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NREGA should move towards becoming an open-ended entitlement that allows every individual to work for at least 200 days, as per PAEG.

As per the findings of an NREGA tracker launched by the People’s Action for Employment Guarantee (PAEG) the lockdown saw a record spike in jobs under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA).

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India stands to lose its demographic dividend irreversibly during the pandemic if immediate steps are not taken.

The Covid-19 pandemic has amplified the challenges to the youth as regards employment opportunities. The policy steps taken by the government have led to a slowdown in economic activities, leading to loss of jobs and mass unemployment. According to the report, ‘Covid-19 and the world of work’ by the International Labour Organisation around 94 percent of the world’s workers are living in countries with some sort of workplace closure measures in place.

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There is an urgent need for a comprehensive National Employment Policy based on responsive real-time data analysis integrating sectors amid the Covid-19 pandemic.

According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), about 63 countries across the globe have prepared National Development Framework or National Employment Policy (NEP) to decide the roadmap for employment generation mainly after the global financial crisis, 2008.

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