Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • This is Mr. Zaib from Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Sorry to say but my English is not very good so do pardon me in advance if you can't get my point. We built our new home last year and did a 130 feet deep bore well in March 2016. Water comes out in the bore well at twice stages ( at 55 feet and 78 feet de...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 7 months agoread more
  • My borewell is located near to the compound wall. After few days of borewell drilling sewage started to get collected on the nearby plot which is hardly 3 feet from the borewell. We drilled for 200 feet. Water levels in the nearby borewell are < 50 feet. We used casing pipe for 35 feet after that...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 7 months agoread more
  • I would like to know full details to obtain permission for drilling a borewell on my private property in Udupi district. Who is the competent authority to give this permission? And also local citizens rights that stay nearby and who have a well and using rainwater harvesting.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 7 months agoread more
  • My apartment is in Madambakkam near Tambaram, Chennai and there is no drainage facility in my area. We have 3 soak pits around my flat for the sewage water (from bathroom and washing machine). However, a pit at one corner is adjacent (11 feet) located from my neighbour's borewell. The borewell is ab...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 7 months agoread more
  • Shilpi Bai was just 18 when she got married to Magan Singh Solanki in Jamnia village, in Dhar district, Madhya Pradesh. She had dreams in her eyes of a great life ahead. She was healthy and soon became a mother of two children. Her husband was a farmer and she would help him in the field after compl...
    arathiposted 1 year 7 months agoread more
  • Women of Podapathar village in Sundargarh district in Odisha have become an inspiration for millions of women in the country now, thanks to their determination to improve the drinking water situation in their village.  Earlier the women had to fetch water for domestic use&n...
    makarandpurohitposted 1 year 7 months agoread more
  • Centre notifies new wetland rules  Replacing the 2010 version of the wetland rules, the environment ministry has notified the new Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules 2017. As per the new rules, a range of activities on wetlands like the conversion of wetland for non-wetland uses, setti...
    swatiposted 1 year 7 months agoread more
  • NGT concerned about overexploited status of Delhi's groundwater Concerned about the overexploited state of the groundwater in the city, the National Green Tribunal has directed the Delhi government, the Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA) and the local authorities to come up with a prop...
    swatiposted 1 year 7 months agoread more
  • The problem of Bengaluru’s water is well known. The demand for water tankers skyrockets during the summer months, when municipal and borewell water supplies run dry, and many of the city’s lakes, actually man-made tanks, lie neglected and polluted. While legislation on rainwater harvesting ...
    priyadposted 1 year 8 months agoread more
  • Last night there were heavy rains in my area and suddenly storm water surged in and filled up my sump tank and borewell with contaminated storm and sewage water. What is the immediate action I need to take to be able to use the borewell water (not for drinking)? Do I need to put some powder to make ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 8 months agoread more
  • Prior before drilling we have consulted Geologist of Ground water department as per his advise we have to go up to 200 feet. Till 50 feet we didn't had any issues, At 80 feet the bore vendor said the side rocks are soft rocks which are breaking into pebbles which is not advisable to drill further, i...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 8 months agoread more
  • I am from Coorg district in Karnataka and I suppose you know this is a hilly area. We have a existing borewell which is 250 feet deep and we get 1.5 inch water throughout the year, but this is not sufficient for agriculture purpose as monsoon was bad 3 years in a row. A Hydrologist gave a new point ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 8 months agoread more
  • Who selects the villages for water supply by tankers? How are they selected? How is the number of tankers for a particular village is decided? What is the water storage capacity of the tanker? At what cost each tanker is available? Who bears the cost? Where can I get tehsil wise data about number of...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 8 months agoread more
  • Electrician told due to overheating of CPVC pipe in low water discharge, it might got melted in between and the pump with motor assemble got detached . The reason we guess is that the pump is being operated without Non return Valve for the past few days (3 weeks). Also the normal running time is 2 h...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 9 months agoread more
  • I dug a bore well of 270 feet depth. Only 45 feet is filled with pipe. No inner is erected after 45 feet. They told me no need of it because the rock is strong. Water spots are found at 93 feet and 125 feet. So they digged to 270 feet for maximizing the occupying capacity of the well. They told me t...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 9 months agoread more
  • Hi, i am arvind Recently a borewell is dug into my house in raebareli, U.P. Borewell is about 145 feets deep and submersible pump is lowered to depth of 100 feets, after complete installation , when the pump was started it was discharging muddy water , the mechanic told us that water will get clean ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 9 months agoread more
  • We pump bore water for storage for drip irrigation purpose into a open well that has no great yield in our farm in south western Tamil Nadu in the arid foot hill areas of western Ghats. Recently due to drought the water pumped into the well from bore also gets absorbed and dried. The well is rocky i...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 9 months agoread more
  • I am having a problem with my bore well at home. It's a new bore that we have drilled to 500ft and sent a sub motor inside up to 480ft. We get a min water for house use only. Some times 20min in the morning. The water level is low at my site. But my problem is, the very 1st pipe that connects to my ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 9 months agoread more
  • Hello Team, I live in an apartment and we have a borewell located in a corner of the plot. Since the gap between the compound and constructed building is about 2 feet, there is hardly any space for digging recharge pit. The borewell is currently active and about 200 ft depth. Though during summer th...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 9 months agoread more
  • When Satya Devi was a child, the open well near her house in the village of Malku Majra was the water source for the household. She reminisces, “The water was clean and soft. The well would never go dry. Once when there was a drought, we went to the bed of the Sirsa river, dug a few holes in the b...
    chicuposted 1 year 9 months agoread more

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What Basubai and her children needed to fight fluorosis was access to safe drinking water.

Basubai is a mother of three young children—Ajay (9), Manju (11) and Sonu (13). She is married to Mukesh Singh in Jamniamota village in Bakaner block in Dhar district, Madhya Pradesh. Annoyed by the yellowing and staining of the teeth of her children, she would always complain to her husband that the children do not listen to her. They do not clean their teeth properly which has resulted in this condition.

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Hello Sir,

I have drill borewell of 380 ft. and got water for 2 .1/2 inch at 345 ft, but now the borewell is filled sand upto 330 ft. Can you please suggest, what I have to do now, do I have to put inner casing after flush, how much inner casing I have to put, I remember I got loose sand at 95 ft to 100 ft is this causing problem, please help thanks.

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Watershed management is not just to harvest and store water but also to create democratic processes at the village level and enable inclusive, sustainable development that meets the people's needs.

In India, although we have approximately four months of monsoon (which is basically 45 days of effective rainfall), in drought prone areas, there are only 10-15 days of harvestable rain in the entire season. If you don't get enough rain during those days, it's a cause for worry.

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We recently drilled borewell in our car parking area. We created a pit around the borewell and covered it with a slab and cemented its sides. Now it is air-tight packed. My question is, when water is sucked by motor, will vaccum be created and disturb the surrounding soil or damage the motor?

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To make access to water adequate and equitable, the focus must shift from water sources to water resources. Science, community participation and cooperation, are key to addressing our water woes.

A growing demand for water implies the need for an improved understanding of our resources, and the ability to manage that demand in an equitable and sustainable way.

Wells, not dams, have been the temples of modern India

India is a groundwater economy. At 260 cubic km per year, our country is the highest user of groundwater in the world - we use 25 percent of all groundwater extracted globally, ahead of USA and China.

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Hello Sir,

I live in Kolkata under Kolkata Municipality. Sir, I wated to ask you if I have to take any permission from municipality for borewell?

Please give me the solution.

Thanks

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Sir,

We are residing in Saraswathi nagar, Adambakkam,Chennai. We have a bore well pump 90 feet below. It was drilled 16 years back. But now it has stopped pumping water. We doubt if ground water exists. Can the same bore be flushed out and tried again? Shall we drill a new Borewell?

Pl kindly suggest.

Thanks

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Studies reveal that efforts at guinea worm eradication have triggered the spread of hydrofluorosis in Rajasthan.

Up until two decades ago, the main sources of drinking water in Rajasthan included surface water from perennial ponds, reservoirs, lakes, dams, rivers and streams with borewells and tubewells used sparingly and only in remote areas. All this changed when guinea worm infections started appearing in the state. 

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Kindly provide me the legal standards/procedure to dig borewell in a private land but near a forest land.

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Hello,

We cleaned our borewell in 2016 for silt deposition problems due to which we got a rotten stinking smell in tap waters. I would like to know what is the exact frequency of cleaning borewell for a silt problem? I am again getting rotten smell in my borewell now. Previously it was cleaned in 2016. It's a 300 feet borewell.

Thanking you

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