Borewells and Tubewells

India being an agrarian country, our farmers depend mainly on groundwater for irrigation. With increasing population, lesser land holdings and urbanisation, deeper borewells are dug for groundwater abstraction. Borewells & tubewells, are very similar. Both are basically vertical drilled wells, bored into an underground aquifer in the earths surface, to extract water for various purposes. The difference in the two lies in the type of casing used, the depth of this casing and the type of soil where they are drilled. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse may be needed at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are usually used to pump out the water fro the borewells, though the government is now giving subsidy for solar pumps. This convenience of pumps may increase the depletion of the groundwater at an increased pace.

Our FAQ on borewells, deals in detail with topics ranging from the initial planning, selection of site to final commissioning, maintenance of the structure and problems associated with existing borewells,. Another Frequently asked questions (FAQ) on Groundwater - Understanding the basics, narrows down the existing knowledge gaps amongst the common groundwater users.

Excessive drilling of borewells has led to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge and caused depletion of the groundwater levels. To monitor this many states like Karnataka & Kerala have come up with laws & a statutory authority to regulate and keep tabs on the groundwater utilisation. Some states have implemented groundwater legislation acts which prevent drilling of borewells without the permission of Government Bodies in water scarce regions. However, some states allow only drilling of drinking water borewells without the need for obtaining permission. Therefore, it is advisable to explore the details of it before drilling a borewell.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has come with reports on the groundwater status in the country. Uncontrolled use of bore well technology leads to exploitation of groundwater at higher rates than the rate of water recharge, which may cause drastic depletion of groundwater. 

  • Hello all, We have 2 existing borewells as point marked by water dividers. We are not getting water from borewells. One of borewell has been dug upto the depth of 350 ft. We are getting very less water if we run motor once in a week. Please suggest either to go deeper on this or find new water poin...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 10 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • While drilling a borewell air gushed out of a nearby borewell, so we had to stop drilling. Please provide suggestion.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 11 months 4 days agoread more
  • Hello, I live in an apartment complex that has 9 high-rise towers (14 floors each) & has about 614 residential units, in Bangalore, South. We have been relying on external water supply vendor which is priced exorbitantly. (For toilet flush, we do have STP water supply). We are looking to h...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 11 months 6 days agoread more
  • Hello Sir, Recently I had dug a borewell for 300 ft in Chennai. I did not see any water splashing out during digging process. But in the evening when I dropped a stone, I could here water splashing inside. So I continually watched the water level for next 4 days and following is the observation: D...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 11 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hi Team, We had dug up a hand bore 10 years back and were using a 1hp motor. All of a sudden, water stopped. We replaced our motor with a submersible one. Now the water is coming but it's too muddy. We have cleaned and removed the silt. We have also gushed out muddy water for a week now but the issu...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 11 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • (Question received through email) Dear Sir, We drilled a borewell (for domestic purpose) near Chennimalai in Erode District in September, 2017 upto 1060 feet. It was completely rocky upto 900 feet and then we could find water source (about one inch according to the borewell driller)...
    swatiposted 11 months 4 weeks agoread more
  • I have a submersible pump installed at my hometown - Gonda in UP. The water comes out good if we use the running water while the pump is running. However, the stored water turns to brownish red after 10 mins. It also leaves a lot of sleuth ( brownish red ) on all the buckets, tap and shower head. We...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 12 months 7 hours agoread more
  • 1) If Agriculture borewell fails, can we restore the water in rainy season to recharge the same borewell. Can a failed borewell be converted into water source borewell to utilise the water in needy days to feed the plants. 2). For three acres of land of plants with agro-forestry method (nearly 4000...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 12 months 19 hours agoread more
  • Dear Sir, This is S.Subramanian. I have two borewells in my home (70 feet and 200 feet). I recently dug the 200 feet borewell whereas the 70 feet was dug ~ 20 years ago. Can I use a single compressor pump to alternatively draw water from two borewells. I use 0.5HP jet pump as of now in the 70 feet ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 12 months 21 hours agoread more
  • Borewell was digged two weeks back, it is was giving enough water. Due to some reason motor got burnt, we took it out, repaird it & ran again. After running for two hours it stopped. We tried to start again but it never started, then we tried to take out the motor pump from the borewell to check...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 1 hour agoread more
  • Dear Sir, I have purchased a pump with borewell recently. New Pump Rating - 12.5 HP. Existing Motor - 7.5 HP Existing Site detail 1. Bore depth – 350 Feet 2. Water Level – 250 Feet 3. Current Bore-well – 300 Feet (20*15 Pipes) or vertical length, 4. Pipe Size – 2 Inch or 50 MM 5. Horizontal...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 1 day agoread more
  • Hi The borewell water in our home shows a TDS of 1150. Could you recommend a solution for lowering it to less than 100. Its causing unsightly stains on the floor, walls, sinks, taps etc. Your advice would be greatly appreciated. This is for my home of 8 persons.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 3 days agoread more
  • A resident of Bajankheda village in Ratlam district of Madhya Pradesh, Sitabai Tindor shows her pot full of water to us. A strange red, the water looks unusual. “We have been using this red water for domestic use for the last two decades. Industries in Ratlam has spoilt our land and water. The gov...
    makarandpurohitposted 1 year 2 weeks agoread more
  • Hello. I'm Sriganesh from salem. I live in the main part of the urban city. I have a borewell that is unused and it has good amounts of water. I dont want to waste it. Suggest me some good feasible ideas that I can work out to start earning from it. Thanks in advance.
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 3 weeks agoread more
  • Groundwater is a major source of water for a large number of Indians with 66 percent rural households and 27 percent urban households directly depending on it for drinking purposes, as per Census 2011. There is a greater daily dependence on groundwater for non-potable uses. Almost 75 percent of Ind...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 year 3 weeks agoread more
  • Basubai is a mother of three young children—Ajay (9), Manju (11) and Sonu (13). She is married to Mukesh Singh in Jamniamota village in Bakaner block in Dhar district, Madhya Pradesh. Annoyed by the yellowing and staining of the teeth of her children, she would always complain to her husband ...
    arathiposted 1 year 4 weeks agoread more
  • Hello Sir, I have drill borewell of 380 ft. and got water for 2 .1/2 inch at 345 ft, but now the borewell is filled sand upto 330 ft. Can you please suggest, what I have to do now, do I have to put inner casing after flush, how much inner casing I have to put, I remember I got loose sand at 95 ft t...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 1 month agoread more
  • In India, although we have approximately four months of monsoon (which is basically 45 days of effective rainfall), in drought prone areas, there are only 10-15 days of harvestable rain in the entire season. If you don't get enough rain during those days, it's a cause for worry. Given that evaporat...
    priyadposted 1 year 1 month agoread more
  • We recently drilled borewell in our car parking area. We created a pit around the borewell and covered it with a slab and cemented its sides. Now it is air-tight packed. My question is, when water is sucked by motor, will vaccum be created and disturb the surrounding soil or damage the motor?
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 1 year 1 month agoread more
  • A growing demand for water implies the need for an improved understanding of our resources, and the ability to manage that demand in an equitable and sustainable way. Wells, not dams, have been the temples of modern India India is a groundwater economy. At 260 cubic km per year, our country is the...
    priyadposted 1 year 1 month agoread more

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Compiled by Pankaj Kumar S. and Alok Srivastava, Resource Persons; additional research provided by Ramya Gopalan, Research Associate and Happy Pant, Research Officer
8 September 2006

Original Query: V. Kurian Baby, Socio-Economic Unit Foundation (SEUF), Kerala, Posted: 3 August 2006

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The PVC Pipes in our apartment’s deep tubewell got stuck up as the submersible pump got burnt, as a result we are unable to pull out the clogged pipes and reuse the deep tubewell. Mechanics have tried with detergents and caustic soda but failed. Even chain pully was of no help. Please suggest a viable remedy.

Kanak Kumar Das
Kolkata-700040

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In a row house society of 14 members, can an individual owner dig borewell in front of his house. If this is allowed what are the norms? We are in Thane

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Hello,

I have a borewell at my home. The daily yield of this borewell is very less so I would like to inspect the borehole through a borewell camera to understand the real problem of the bore. Kindly share the contact of person/organistaion who does the borehole endoscopy using camera in Chennai. 

C.Arunan

9840146904

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Is there any company or contractor in Kolkata who can retrieve a submersible pump from a domestic borewell of 80 ft depth. The local mechanic has tried to lift it, but they could not lift the pump and all pipes came up leaving pump and cable in the borehole fitted with 4 inch dia casing.

Regards,
MONOJ KANUNGO
399, Madurdaha,
Kolkata 700107
Mob 7044390410

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Sir,

I have a borewell upto a depth of 800ft and the current is phase 1 current. Can you suggest what pipe hose and which motor to use, either a 3hp or a 2hp and what should be the motor stage? And also the best brand of motor that is suitable to my requirement.

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As climate change and urbanisation threaten water security in the HKH region, there is an urgent need for good water governance.

The Hindu Kush Himalayas (HKH) cover 3500 kms across eight countries namely Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan.

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Hello,

I am from Barshi Solapur Maharashtra. Our borewell gets filled with sand regularly (450 feet total length filled with sand up to 250 feet). Is there any motor or pump that can suck out the sand regularly? Please provide any solution for this problem.

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I have a borewell of 640 feet depth and water is present at 100 feet but no water stays in the borewell as there is a hole at 620 feet. Please suggest how to block this hole.

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Hi,

I have a building G+4 floors in Bangalore Munekolala. And we have borewell which is dug at 600 ft in 2017. Till last month, there was no problem with the borewell. But from last month the water is not coming through it and currently we are depending only on tankers. There have been new buildings near by in recent times. To know the issue, I have done the borewell scanning. They have given report as below

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