Research Papers

Governance of wastewater treatment and reuse in India
Lack of enforcement of pollution monitoring and control is a major barrier Posted on 26 May, 2022 04:11 PM

Wastewater treatment and reuse practices are limited in India despite the known benefits of preventing water resources pollution and contributing to sustainable production and consumption systems.

The availability of clear guidelines and specific standards with a defined implementation framework for wastewater treatment and reuse is lacking in most states (Image: Ajay Tallam, Wikimedia Commons)
Climate change and transition in cropping patterns in West Bengal
Crop choice decisions made by the farmers largely depend on the infrastructure facilities, technology applied and ecological conditions Posted on 26 May, 2022 01:35 PM

With changing climatic and market conditions, Indian agriculture sector needs appropriate transition in cropping patterns to ensure sustainability in growth of the sector and inclusiveness of land-constrained farmers in the intensification process.

The presence of infrastructure facilities influence crop choice in favour of non-foodgrains (Image: UN Women/Ashutosh Negi)
Transparent urban river pollution monitoring
A study develops a decision support tool to identify polluted river stretches Posted on 25 May, 2022 09:33 AM

Unprecedented expansion and anthropic activities amongst other reasons lead to choking of urban rivers with municipal and industrial sewage. Around 63% of the total 62 million litres/ day generated sewage is dumped in Indian urban rivers without treatment, as per a Central Pollution Control Board report submitted to National Green Tribunal, India.

Ulhas river near Khandpe village (Image: Ganesh Dhamodkar, Wikimedia Commons)
Pond water reuse from a circular economy perspective
Ponds became a storehouse of metal toxicity in the accumulated sludge: Study Posted on 24 May, 2022 08:06 PM

Ponds are increasingly getting polluted mainly due to the discharge of wastewater from residential areas, sewage outlets, solid waste dump sites, livestock rearing sites (e.g., dairy, poultry), and fertilizers and pesticides from farmers’ fields.

Wastewater generated from households in the catchment area of a pond contaminates its waters (Image: Wikimedia Commons)
Toxic waters, struggling fish
The mighty Ganga is gradually becoming a death trap, not only for people, but also for the wonderous animals that live in its waters and depend on her for their survival. How has this happened? Posted on 08 May, 2022 09:04 PM

The Ganga, India's poisoned lifeline

The poisoned Ganges (Image Source: Wikimedia Commons)
Making the invisible, visible
The water stewardship initiative by WOTR that developed a tool to visualise aquifers has not only helped farmers understand groundwater as a shared resource, but also led to a behavioural change among water users and helped implement groundwater laws and policies. Posted on 26 Apr, 2022 11:10 PM

Excessive dependence and unregulated use of groundwater is draining India dry with 84 percent of groundwater being used for irrigation and 90 percent for drinking in rural areas.

Groundwater, a fast disappearing resource (Image Source: India Water Portal)
Long-term resilience through MGNREGS assets
The report by IIED identifies policy and design opportunities through which the provision of assets under MGNREGS can improve the long-term resilience of rural beneficiaries. Posted on 23 Apr, 2022 11:47 AM

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act is one of the largest social protection programmes in the world, providing guarantee of income to some 55 million people every year.

Work in progress at an NREGA site under 'apna khet, apna kaam' (my field, my work). Medhbanchi, Dungarpur, Rajasthan (Image: UN Woemn Asia and Pacific/Gaganjeet Singh)
Menstrual hygiene management: Looking beyond WASH
A study from rural Odisha found that exclusive focus on provision of facilities such as household latrines or bathing areas with access to piped water did not help much in improving menstrual hygiene practices until the sociocultural barriers experienced by women were also addressed. Posted on 19 Apr, 2022 11:47 AM

Managing menstruation, with dignity

More than 300 million girls and women between the ages of 15 and 49 are menstruating everyday. Managing menstruation hygienically and with dignity is crucial for health and well being of women.

Women in Deogarh, Odisha (Image Source: Ekta Parishad via Wikimedia Commons)
Water sustainability assessment of Gurugram
Achieving water use optimization and efficiency in India's upcoming residential townships Posted on 06 Apr, 2022 04:44 PM

The urban population in India was estimated to be 34.5% in 2019, as per the World Bank. There has been an increase in urbanization by almost 4% in the last decade due to a greater number of people migrating from rural areas to cities in search of better job opportunities.

The guidelines developed by Mahindra-TERI CoE can play a pivotal role in aiding townships to move on the path of becoming net water positive (Image: Eatcha, Wikimedia Commons)
×