Research Papers

Poisonous encounters: Nitrates in drinking water
A study finds that long term exposure to high levels of nitrates in drinking water can lead to health effects such as shorter height or stunting. Aarti Kelkar Khambete posted 1 year 1 month ago

Nitrogen pollution of water can lead to severe consequences not only for the environment, but also to human health. Current evidence shows that nitrogen pollution of water is on the rise not only in developing, but also in developed countries.

Polluted drinking water, a grave health hazard (Image Source: Wikimedia Commons)
Women’s involvement in participatory water institutions in Eastern India
A study finds that women’s participation in water management institutions continues to be low in India in spite of the important role that they play in agriculture and irrigation. Aarti Kelkar Khambete posted 1 year 1 month ago

Women, major contributors in agriculture and irrigation

Women, neglected stakeholders in water management (Photocredit: Makarand Purohit for India Water Portal)
Bringing back the trust: Getting our belief back in public water supply systems
While the government has passed a draft notification to bar use of Reverse Osmosis (RO) purifiers in cities, what does evidence on the ground tell us? Aarti Kelkar Khambete posted 1 year 2 months ago

The Government of India has passed a draft notification to bar membrane based systems such as Reverse Osmosis (RO) to be used as domestic purifiers in cities where the tap water is safe according to the Burea

Is our tap water really safe? (Image Source: IWP Flickr Photos)
The miserable plight of sanitation workers
A report highlights the dangers for the millions of people who clean toilets, sewers and septic tanks the world over and calls for urgent action. Amita Bhaduri posted 1 year 2 months ago

Many of the challenges sanitation workers face, stem from their lack of visibility in society, says a report ‘Health, Safety and Dignity of Sanitation Workers’ produced jointly by The World Bank,

A latrine emptier is lifted out of a pit in Bangalore, India (Image: WaterAid/CS Sharada Prasad)
Suffering in silence: Migrant cane cutters of Maharashtra
Overworked, poorly paid and deprived of any rights, migrant cane cutters, especially women are most vulnerable and continue to suffer from a number of health and security risks. Aarti Kelkar Khambete posted 1 year 2 months ago

Maharashtra is the second largest sugar producing state in India, after Uttar Pradesh where as high as 1.6 million farmers cultivate sugarcane on 0.7 million hectares of land. The sugarcane industry provides direct employment to about 0.16 million workers while 1.5 million workers engage in sugarcane harvesting and transport operations every year.

Women workers suffer the most (Image Source: Azhar Feder, Wikimedia Commons-CC-BY-SA-3.0)
Revival of non-monsoon flows in rivers
Non monsoon flows of rivers in India are showing a declining trend. What can be done to deal with the situation? Aarti Kelkar Khambete posted 1 year 2 months ago

Non monsoon flows of Indian rivers are declining

Recent evidence shows that monsoon flows in Indian rivers are almost unaffected, but the non-monsoon flows show a declining trend. This has manifested in the form of:

The river Karamana in Thiruvanathapuram, Kerala (Image Source: India Water Portal)
Decentralised groundwater governance to deal with the groundwater crisis
Decentralised groundwater governance frameworks that integrate democratic institutional mechanisms are needed to deal with the current groundwater crisis in India. Aarti Kelkar Khambete posted 1 year 2 months ago

The challenges to sustain groundwater dependency in India are many where groundwater over extraction is not only leading to rapid depletion of the resource, but also giving rise to water quality issues in a situation where the response at the level of policy continues to be lukewarm.

The need for decentralised governance to deal with the current groundwater crisis (Image Source: ACWADAM)
Waterways spell disaster for Gangetic dolphins
A study shows that noise pollution due to industrial transportation and recreational waterways over the Ganga can spell doom for dolphins by affecting their feeding habits and social behaviours. Aarti Kelkar Khambete posted 1 year 2 months ago

Noise pollution, a rising threat

The Gangetic dolphin (Image Source: Arati Kumar Rao)
Mountain women bear the brunt of climate change
There is a need to enable a conducive action oriented environment to address entrenched gendered vulnerabilities. Amita Bhaduri posted 1 year 3 months ago

Climate change impacts are disproportionate and influence lives and livelihoods variedly. One crucial determinant of these disproportionate impacts is gender. Existing social norms determine roles and responsibilities, entitlements and capabilities, thereby influencing the individual perceptions of shocks and susceptibility which vary across gender groups.

Women stand to be highly vulnerable in most cases to the changes in the climate and its extremes. (Image: Bo Nielson, Flickr Commons, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
Micropollutants in groundwater, a grave concern
A study finds that a number of locations in the country have high concentrations of micropollutants in groundwater posing a risk to health and environment. Aarti Kelkar Khambete posted 1 year 3 months ago

Groundwater pollution due to organic micropollutants is becoming a major cause of concern in many parts of the world, where water resources are on the decline. India is the largest user of groundwater and the presence of micropollutants in groundwater has been a growing concern. What do studies on micropollutants in groundwater in India show?

Groundwater contamination, a serious concern (Image Source: India Water Portal)