Research Papers

Indigenous food systems - to cope with malnutrition
Traditional practices such as the jhum cultivation in North East India can help ensure dietary diversity and better nutritional outcomes among populations and need to be preserved. Posted on 18 Feb, 2022 10:01 AM

As India struggles to tackle malnutrition among women and children in the country as the NFHS data reveals, it is increasingly becoming clear that agrobiodiversity has an important role to play in ensuring sustainable and diverse diets and enhance health and nutrition, and may help m

Land cleared for Jhum cultivation (Image Source: Prashanthns via Wikimedia Commons)
Poisonous encounters, fatal outcomes!
A study provides new evidence that drinking water contaminated with arsenic can lead to still births, recurrent pregnancy loss and infertility among women. Posted on 13 Feb, 2022 12:15 AM

Arsenic, a commonly found element in nature is often referred to as a toxic substance and ranks number one in the 2001 priority list of hazardous substances and disease registry defined by WHO.

A well in Rajasthan (Image Source: IWP Flickr photos)
Kaabar Tal gasps for breath
Bihar’s first designated Ramsar site, the Kaabar Tal is dying. Urgent efforts to restore the Tal are needed! Posted on 28 Jan, 2022 12:15 PM

The Kosi-Gandak interfan region of the East Ganga Plains (EGP) is densely populated by wetlands, most of which are monsoonal (or seasonal), and remain dry in the non-monsoonal season.

Kaabar Tal, Bihar's first Ramsar site

Kaabar Tal cries for help! (Image Source: Mausam Nandan via Wikimedia Commons)
Agricultural distress in peri urban Gurugram
Urbanisation and climate change are not only destroying sustainable agricultural practices in the peri urban village of Budhera near Gurugram, but also eating up the social fabric of the village. Posted on 09 Jan, 2022 05:14 AM

Peri-urban spaces exist in an exploitative relationship with the urban, and this inequity is further exacerbated by the effects of climate change argue Pratik Mishra and Sumit Vij in their study from the chapter titled 'Changing agriculture and climate variability in peri-urban Gurugram, India' in the book '

Aerial view of the Najafgarh drain. (Image: Sumita Roy Dutta, Wikimedia Commons; CC BY-SA 4.0)
Periurban waterscapes of Hyderabad
The growth of high rise buildings that hold the promise of assured water supply in Hyderabad has led to increasing water stress in periurban areas, from where water is sourced. Posted on 02 Jan, 2022 10:34 PM

Hyderabad, envisioned as a high tech city, is growing rapidly. The city is gradually being transformed into high rise urban buildings that boast of uninterrupted supply of basic infrastructural services such as free or subsidised water supply, to attract private investments and generate further growth.

Parched periurban areas cry for attention (Image Source: IWP Flickr photos)
Gender mainstreaming in groundwater management
It is crucial to acknowledge the role of gender based power relations while addressing key barriers that women face while participating in water management efforts. Posted on 21 Dec, 2021 12:02 PM

Several policies and programs in the water sector in India have provisions for women’s participation. However, the reality of gender mainstreaming continues to be dismal.

Gender in groundwater management (Image Source: www.kudumbshree.org, kudumbashree via Wikimedia Commons)
Counted, but not served?
Water remains inaccessible to the urban poor in the city of Mumbai as it continues to focus on developing new infrastructure to meet its very high per capita water needs. Why is this so? Posted on 11 Dec, 2021 04:20 AM

Indian cities are growing, and so is the demand for water in the cities. Large cities like Mumbai have focused on planning, designing, and constructing dams throughout history to meet their increasing water needs.

Thirsty cities and the invisible poor  (Image Source: Aathavan Jaffna via Wikimedia Commons)
India in the grip of floods - yet again!
Floods are becoming the most frequently occurring extreme events leading to high deaths in India. Posted on 27 Nov, 2021 11:49 AM

The states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu are in the news since the last few days because of the heavy rains that have left the region battered by flooding and water-logging at several places leading to reports of death, destruction and displacement of large

The floods in Kerala in 2018 (Image: Ranjith Siji, Wikimedia Commons: CC BY-SA 4.0)
Will flash droughts affect India?
Flash droughts in India pose challenges for water management during the summer monsoon Posted on 25 Nov, 2021 01:25 PM

Flash drought is a critical sub-seasonal phenomenon characterized by a period of rapid drought intensification. It exhibits multifaceted challenges to agriculture, water resources, ecosystems, and the human environment.

Flash drought is sometimes also defined as a rapidly developing drought event. (Image: Pushkar RV)
Mangroves - Wetlands or forests?
Mangroves were treated and managed as forests in colonial times, although they are much similar to wetlands. This led to extensive degradation of mangrove ecosystems in India. Posted on 21 Nov, 2021 07:40 PM

Have you noticed short trees or bushes along coastlines with a dense tangle of roots hanging out that makes them look like they are standing on stilts? These are mangroves. Mangroves can be trees, shrubs, ferns and palms that occupy the boundary between the land and the sea.

Mangrove forest at Pichavaram, Tamil Nadu (Image Source: Shankaran Murugan via Wikimedia Commons,  CC BY-SA 3.0)
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