Research Papers

Virtual water and water footprint
How much water do we consume directly and indirectly? aartikelkar posted 11 months ago

Climate change and water scarcity in India

Food wastage also implies wastage of water (Image Source: WOTR)
Clean water, a crucial weapon to combat COVID -19
The recent COVID -19 pandemic highlights the important role that access to clean water can play in dealing with such diseases in the future. aartikelkar posted 11 months ago

This month has been seeing a different kind of a scare world over, that of the deadly corona virus pandemic that has been spreading rapidly, infecting people and leading to a rising number of deaths in numerous countries.

Is our tap water really safe? (Image Source: IWP Flickr Photos)
Outreach of current disaster-related apps in India poor
Technology and crowdsourced data need to play a greater role in disaster management in India. Amita Bhaduri posted 11 months 1 week ago

With the rise in frequency and intensity of unexpected disasters, the need for effective communication technologies such as the use of social and mobile tools seems to be growing for responding to disaster situations in emergency, rescue and relief efforts.

Floods in Uttarakhand in 2013 severely damaged hundreds of villages across Uttarkashi, Rudraprayag, Chamoli and Tehri regions (Image: Oxfam International, Flickr Commons, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
Poisonous encounters: Nitrates in drinking water
A study finds that long term exposure to high levels of nitrates in drinking water can lead to health effects such as shorter height or stunting. aartikelkar posted 11 months 1 week ago

Nitrogen pollution of water can lead to severe consequences not only for the environment, but also to human health. Current evidence shows that nitrogen pollution of water is on the rise not only in developing, but also in developed countries.

Polluted drinking water, a grave health hazard (Image Source: Wikimedia Commons)
Women’s involvement in participatory water institutions in Eastern India
A study finds that women’s participation in water management institutions continues to be low in India in spite of the important role that they play in agriculture and irrigation. aartikelkar posted 11 months 2 weeks ago

Women, major contributors in agriculture and irrigation

Women, neglected stakeholders in water management (Photocredit: Makarand Purohit for India Water Portal)
Bringing back the trust: Getting our belief back in public water supply systems
While the government has passed a draft notification to bar use of Reverse Osmosis (RO) purifiers in cities, what does evidence on the ground tell us? aartikelkar posted 11 months 3 weeks ago

The Government of India has passed a draft notification to bar membrane based systems such as Reverse Osmosis (RO) to be used as domestic purifiers in cities where the tap water is safe according to the Burea

Is our tap water really safe? (Image Source: IWP Flickr Photos)
The miserable plight of sanitation workers
A report highlights the dangers for the millions of people who clean toilets, sewers and septic tanks the world over and calls for urgent action. Amita Bhaduri posted 11 months 3 weeks ago

Many of the challenges sanitation workers face, stem from their lack of visibility in society, says a report ‘Health, Safety and Dignity of Sanitation Workers’ produced jointly by The World Bank,

A latrine emptier is lifted out of a pit in Bangalore, India (Image: WaterAid/CS Sharada Prasad)
Suffering in silence: Migrant cane cutters of Maharashtra
Overworked, poorly paid and deprived of any rights, migrant cane cutters, especially women are most vulnerable and continue to suffer from a number of health and security risks. aartikelkar posted 1 year ago

Maharashtra is the second largest sugar producing state in India, after Uttar Pradesh where as high as 1.6 million farmers cultivate sugarcane on 0.7 million hectares of land. The sugarcane industry provides direct employment to about 0.16 million workers while 1.5 million workers engage in sugarcane harvesting and transport operations every year.

Women workers suffer the most (Image Source: Azhar Feder, Wikimedia Commons-CC-BY-SA-3.0)
Revival of non-monsoon flows in rivers
Non monsoon flows of rivers in India are showing a declining trend. What can be done to deal with the situation? aartikelkar posted 1 year ago

Non monsoon flows of Indian rivers are declining

Recent evidence shows that monsoon flows in Indian rivers are almost unaffected, but the non-monsoon flows show a declining trend. This has manifested in the form of:

The river Karamana in Thiruvanathapuram, Kerala (Image Source: India Water Portal)
Decentralised groundwater governance to deal with the groundwater crisis
Decentralised groundwater governance frameworks that integrate democratic institutional mechanisms are needed to deal with the current groundwater crisis in India. aartikelkar posted 1 year ago

The challenges to sustain groundwater dependency in India are many where groundwater over extraction is not only leading to rapid depletion of the resource, but also giving rise to water quality issues in a situation where the response at the level of policy continues to be lukewarm.

The need for decentralised governance to deal with the current groundwater crisis (Image Source: ACWADAM)