Research Papers

Transparent urban river pollution monitoring
A study develops a decision support tool to identify polluted river stretches Posted on 25 May, 2022 09:33 AM

Unprecedented expansion and anthropic activities amongst other reasons lead to choking of urban rivers with municipal and industrial sewage. Around 63% of the total 62 million litres/ day generated sewage is dumped in Indian urban rivers without treatment, as per a Central Pollution Control Board report submitted to National Green Tribunal, India.

Ulhas river near Khandpe village (Image: Ganesh Dhamodkar, Wikimedia Commons)
Pond water reuse from a circular economy perspective
Ponds became a storehouse of metal toxicity in the accumulated sludge: Study Posted on 24 May, 2022 08:06 PM

Ponds are increasingly getting polluted mainly due to the discharge of wastewater from residential areas, sewage outlets, solid waste dump sites, livestock rearing sites (e.g., dairy, poultry), and fertilizers and pesticides from farmers’ fields.

Wastewater generated from households in the catchment area of a pond contaminates its waters (Image: Wikimedia Commons)
Toxic waters, struggling fish
The mighty Ganga is gradually becoming a death trap, not only for people, but also for the wonderous animals that live in its waters and depend on her for their survival. How has this happened? Posted on 08 May, 2022 09:04 PM

The Ganga, India's poisoned lifeline

The poisoned Ganges (Image Source: Wikimedia Commons)
Making the invisible, visible
The water stewardship initiative by WOTR that developed a tool to visualise aquifers has not only helped farmers understand groundwater as a shared resource, but also led to a behavioural change among water users and helped implement groundwater laws and policies. Posted on 26 Apr, 2022 11:10 PM

Excessive dependence and unregulated use of groundwater is draining India dry with 84 percent of groundwater being used for irrigation and 90 percent for drinking in rural areas.

Groundwater, a fast disappearing resource (Image Source: India Water Portal)
Long-term resilience through MGNREGS assets
The report by IIED identifies policy and design opportunities through which the provision of assets under MGNREGS can improve the long-term resilience of rural beneficiaries. Posted on 23 Apr, 2022 11:47 AM

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act is one of the largest social protection programmes in the world, providing guarantee of income to some 55 million people every year.

Work in progress at an NREGA site under 'apna khet, apna kaam' (my field, my work). Medhbanchi, Dungarpur, Rajasthan (Image: UN Woemn Asia and Pacific/Gaganjeet Singh)
Menstrual hygiene management: Looking beyond WASH
A study from rural Odisha found that exclusive focus on provision of facilities such as household latrines or bathing areas with access to piped water did not help much in improving menstrual hygiene practices until the sociocultural barriers experienced by women were also addressed. Posted on 19 Apr, 2022 11:47 AM

Managing menstruation, with dignity

More than 300 million girls and women between the ages of 15 and 49 are menstruating everyday. Managing menstruation hygienically and with dignity is crucial for health and well being of women.

Women in Deogarh, Odisha (Image Source: Ekta Parishad via Wikimedia Commons)
Water sustainability assessment of Gurugram
Achieving water use optimization and efficiency in India's upcoming residential townships Posted on 06 Apr, 2022 04:44 PM

The urban population in India was estimated to be 34.5% in 2019, as per the World Bank. There has been an increase in urbanization by almost 4% in the last decade due to a greater number of people migrating from rural areas to cities in search of better job opportunities.

The guidelines developed by Mahindra-TERI CoE can play a pivotal role in aiding townships to move on the path of becoming net water positive (Image: Eatcha, Wikimedia Commons)
Options for flood risk reduction
How participatory is participatory flood risk mapping? Voices from the flood-prone Dharavi slum in Mumbai Posted on 02 Apr, 2022 10:54 AM

Participatory flood risk mapping is a well-recognized and widely implemented tool for meaningful community involvement in disaster risk reduction.

Need to enhance community participation through participatory flood risk mapping (Image: Ronie, Pixahive)
Greening solar energy through waste management
The waste generated is left out in barren lands in an unscientific manner Posted on 24 Mar, 2022 10:45 PM

The shift to renewable energy sources is inevitable and of the various energy sources solar energy has a huge potential. The production of electricity with the usage of solar photovoltaic technology is the most promising after wind and hydro technology.

With the rising installations the solar waste accumulations will also rise to huge extent on their life cycle completion (Image: Pixabay)
Indigenous food systems - in peril!
The indigenous food systems of the Munda tribes of Jharkhand display great dietary diversity and can help enhance nutritional outcomes. Will they survive the impacts of urbanisation and climate change?
Posted on 20 Feb, 2022 11:46 AM

While food systems globally are struggling to meet the nutritional needs of the growing populations, these have put a strain on land, water, soil, resources leading to a renewed interest in sustainable food systems. These, derived from sustainable cultures and ecosystems are often known to be accessible, affordable, safe,  healthy and promote environmental stability.

Indigenous food systems, in peril! (Image Source: Usha Dewani)