Research Papers

Evaluating WaSH conditions spatially at the panchayat level
Synthesis of water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) spatial pattern in rural India: an integrated interpretation of WaSH practices Posted on 15 Oct, 2022 03:00 PM

Rural areas largely lack access to improved drinking water-sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) facilities in India. Improved WaSH facilities are vital to prevent the transmission of waterborne diseases and create resilient communities.

People in rural areas lack potable water, and use unsafe sanitation and hygiene facilities (Image: Sebastian Dahl)
Pyrolysis-based decentralized biorefinery can reduce residue open burning
Biochar use as carbon sink or coal substitute determines the environmental impacts, as per the study Posted on 13 Oct, 2022 09:43 AM

Crop residues are an abundantly available lignocellulosic feedstock that can provide multiple value-added products in a biorefinery (Kamm, 2007). However, approximately 24% of the generated residue is burned in the fields in India (Ravindra et al., 2019). 

It was environmentally beneficial to treat biomass locally rather than in a centralized unit. (Image: Zack Dowell)
Shrinkage of aus rice in eastern India
A paper looks at the darker side of agricultural intensification - disappearance of autumn or aus rice, entry of high yield varieties, and implications in terms of environmental sustainability in West Bengal Posted on 12 Oct, 2022 01:13 PM

Agricultural intensification riding on the Green Revolution ushered bountiful production of selected staples (rice, wheat, maize) in the developing nations and caused a significant economic growth.

Rice has undergone an unprecedented rise in production and yield during the green revolution (Image: Wikimedia Commons)
Valuing mountain ecosystems
Mountain ecosystems in Ladakh provide a range of vital ecosystem services such as freshwater, food, fodder and fuel to people living in the region. Valuing these ecosystem services is crucial for their conservation. Posted on 11 Oct, 2022 03:36 PM

Ecosystems, crucial for human survival

Landscapes of Ladakh (Image Source: Reflectionsbyprajakta via Wikimedia Commons)
Deteriorating landscapes and threatened ecosystems of Jammu and Kashmir
Rapid urbanisation and faulty land use policies are rapidly destroying forests, grasslands and wetlands in Jammu and Kashmir, India and the ecosystem value services they provide. Can these valuable ecosystems be saved? Posted on 06 Oct, 2022 09:34 PM

Landscapes are important features and shape the economy and survival of a region. However, developmental activities in recent years are not only threatening landscape features, but also affecting landscape ecosystems and livelihoods of people who depend on it.

Deteriorating ecosystems of Jammu and Kashmir, India (Image Source: tkohli at Flickr via Wikimedia Commons)
Dirty drains 'drain' health
This study found that the sanitary quality of neighbourhood drains, in addition to toilets, affected sanitation and hygiene and incidences of ill-health in rural households. Posted on 26 Sep, 2022 02:00 PM

Poor access to adequate and good quality sanitation and hygiene facilities can give rise to a number of water borne diseases in populations.

Dirty drainages, harbingers of illhealth. Image for representation only (Image Source: SuSanA Secretariat via Wikimedia Commons)
Dengue expands with climate change in India
Dengue is witnessing an alarming rise in India. And climate change induced changes are to blame. This study attempts to predict the present and future distribution of dengue vectors under different climate change scenarios in the country. Posted on 26 Sep, 2022 12:20 AM

Dengue is witnessing an alarming rise in India in recent years and the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (2020) data shows a five fold increase in cases of dengue from 28,066 cases in 2010 to 157,315 cases in 2019.

Dengue and climate change

 	Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, beginning its blood-meal (Image Source: James Gathany, CDC via Wikimedia Commons)
Harnessing energy from wind
Study looks at critical aspects of wind power development Posted on 20 Sep, 2022 10:24 PM

India’s ever-increasing energy demand is putting a heavy load on energy generating agencies. Shifting towards renewable energy entails a series of judicious steps in consultation with the government bodies, energy developers, market valuation, and consumers.

Over 23% of India's energy production comes through renewable energy sources (Image: Eric Wilde, Wikimedia Commons)
Renewable energy sector financing must go up to $600bn to meet 2030 goals
Investors deploying sizable capital as they are confident of India's long-run robust demand for renewable energy (8–10 GW/year) Posted on 20 Sep, 2022 07:51 PM

India is amidst a monumental energy transition—with global consequences. India's population is primed to continuously grow, industrialize, urbanize, and electrify their lives.

RE tariffs will be determined by PV module costs and financing costs.  (Image: ODT, Flickr Commons)
New landslide reporting tool uses social media and artificial intelligence
The system can detect landslide reports with a precision of 76% Posted on 16 Sep, 2022 10:57 AM

When landslides occur, their impacts are usually not discovered immediately beyond the attention of first responders or government agencies. Reliable spatial data becomes available to users based on the satellite return path and the route that it takes, image quality and processing time.

Social media data has great potential for near-real-time reporting of landslide events and their associated impacts (Image: Eurico Zimbres, Wikimedia Commons)