Research Papers

Poisoned waters, threatened lives
Studies reveal that children are the most vulnerable to the health risks associated with groundwater contamination due to nitrate and fluoride, highlighting the need for urgent remedial measures. Posted on 05 Jul, 2022 11:58 PM

Non carcinogenic health effects of groundwater contamination are equally challenging as the carcinogenic risks.

POisoned waters, dangerous outcomes (Image Source: India Water Portal)
Poisoned wetlands, toxic fish
Heavy metal pollution is poisoning the East Kolkata wetlands, affecting fish and posing a threat to the health of humans who depend on this fish for their food. Urgent action is needed! Posted on 27 Jun, 2022 12:23 PM

The East Kolkata Wetlands, often referred to as the ‘Kidneys of East Kolkata’, are located on the eastern periphery of Kolkata Metropolitan area and cover 12,500 hectares of area.

Fishermen use wastewater in Kolkata to rear fish (Image Source: India Water Portal)
Springs spring hope in Kashmir, Himalayas
While springs in Kashmir have still retained their good quality and have a great potential to be used for drinking water, threats to them are growing. Their protection and sustainable management is crucial. Posted on 21 Jun, 2022 06:38 PM

Freshwater is a rare and critical resource and its availability is declining worldover with urbanisation, industrialisation, climate change and rising temperatures, and a marked decrease in rainfall.

Verinag spring in Anantanag district of Kashmir (Image Source: Wikimedia Commons)
Financing clean energy transitions to meet India's climate goals
India must significantly step-up clean energy subsidies to meet its 2030 targets: CEEW-IISD Posted on 20 Jun, 2022 08:40 PM

In 2021, at global climate negotiations, the government established a new commitment to reach net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by the year 2070. It also reaffirmed its aim to install 500 GW of non-fossil power capacity by 2030.

India needs to further shift support away from fossil fuels and towards clean energy technologies (Image: Kenueone, Pixabay)
Fluoride contamination of groundwater in Punjab, a growing concern
Fluoride contamination of ground water is on the rise in the Malwa region of Punjab threatening the health of the population. Urgent remedial measures are needed. Posted on 16 Jun, 2022 02:05 PM

Nearly 85 percent of the Indian population consumes groundwater and this groundwater can get polluted because of a number of contaminants - with fluoride being an important one.

Fluoride contamination of groundwater - a grave risk to health

Groundwater contamination in Punjab, a growing problem (Image for representation only, Source: India Water Portal)
Implementing construction waste management in India
The taxes on recycled products may increase the degree of perceived constraints, says study Posted on 26 May, 2022 11:55 PM

Individual’s attitude and behaviour is crucial for implementing sustainable construction & demolition (C&D) waste management.

Construction waste management has become a major environmental concern in most of the Indian municipalities (Image: Petr K, Wikimedia Commons)
Crop diversification and nutritional outcomes: The linkages
Promoting crop diversification at the policy level can not only improve regional disparities in nutrition as this study shows, but also reduce vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate shocks. Posted on 26 May, 2022 06:11 PM

Ending poverty and hunger

A millet crop ready for harvest in rural India (Image Source: Wikimedia Commons)
Governance of wastewater treatment and reuse in India
Lack of enforcement of pollution monitoring and control is a major barrier Posted on 26 May, 2022 04:11 PM

Wastewater treatment and reuse practices are limited in India despite the known benefits of preventing water resources pollution and contributing to sustainable production and consumption systems.

The availability of clear guidelines and specific standards with a defined implementation framework for wastewater treatment and reuse is lacking in most states (Image: Ajay Tallam, Wikimedia Commons)
Climate change and transition in cropping patterns in West Bengal
Crop choice decisions made by the farmers largely depend on the infrastructure facilities, technology applied and ecological conditions Posted on 26 May, 2022 01:35 PM

With changing climatic and market conditions, Indian agriculture sector needs appropriate transition in cropping patterns to ensure sustainability in growth of the sector and inclusiveness of land-constrained farmers in the intensification process.

The presence of infrastructure facilities influence crop choice in favour of non-foodgrains (Image: UN Women/Ashutosh Negi)