Research Papers

  • River basins in India have been found to be highly vulnerable to contamination. Recent evidence shows that a large number of water sources including rivers, lakes and surface water in India are polluted due to untreated sewage, agricultural runoff and most importantly, due to unregulated industries....
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 4 months agoread more
  • Climate change has been predicted to create increasing risks for the agricultural sector thus inversely affecting agricultural production and farm incomes in India. These risks have already manifested in the form of increasing intensity and extent of droughts, floods, temperature rise and fall, and ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 4 months agoread more
  • Hyderabad, which is India's fourth largest city, has a population of almost 7 million. The Musi river, originating from the Anantagiri hills, divides the city into north and south. The River flows through the city and joins the Krishna in Nalgonda. The paper titled "Stakeholder views, financin...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 4 months agoread more
  • Punjab has made great progress in grain production following the technological revolution in agriculture in the 1960s. The state achieved this through subsidised use of high yielding variety seeds, fertilisers and irrigation. The paper titled 'Groundwater Irrigation-Electricity-Crop diversification...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 4 months agoread more
  • Madurai, Tamil Nadu's second largest city, is now filled with buildings and roads which are eating into its age old network of tanks and canals. This change did not happen overnight. It began in the late 19th century by the British when they merged several hamlets to establish their headquarter...
    seetha@indiawat...posted 4 years 4 months agoread more
  • Known as "Hari-ke-Pattan", this wetland is the largest in the Tarn Taran Sahib district of the Punjab in northern India and has the Harike Lake in its deeper part [1]. Its rich biodiversity plays an important role in maintaining the hydrological balance in the catchment area. It also supports a...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 5 months agoread more
  • The Loktak lake in Manipur is the largest freshwater lake in Northeast India. It is famous for the phumdis, which are isolated collections of heterogenous masses of vegetation, soil, and organic matter at various stages of decomposition, floating over it [1]. It is referred to as the only floating l...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 5 months agoread more
  • Fisheries form an important component of the economy of Jammu and Kashmir, which along with agriculture, contributes a significant 23% to its Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). Besides being an important allied activity to agriculture, it contributes significantly to the agricultural economy and a...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 5 months agoread more
  • Vibrio cholerae is responsible for 100,000 -120,000 deaths annually, worldwide. [1] Commonly found in ponds, rivers and brackish areas, the bacterium finds its way into humans through contaminated food and water. And the result? Cholera. Characterized by severe diarrhea, vomiting and dehydratio...
    seetha@indiawat...posted 4 years 5 months agoread more
  • Rapid urbanisation in various forms is set to transform the coastline of Tamil Nadu as real estate, infrastructure, tourism, and urban beautification plans are in full swing. Fisherfolk, whose everyday life and survival is rooted in the commons, are at the centre of these processes of coastal urbani...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 5 months agoread more
  • By declaring 2014 as the International Year of Family Farming, a lot of attention was focussed on the contribution of small farms, and the role of the families involved in it in eradicating hunger and poverty. Small farms play a crucial role in ensuring food security, nutrition, improving livelihood...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 5 months agoread more
  • India’s 7500 km coastal line supports nearly 4, 87,100 hectares of mangroves. These unique ecosystems harbour nearly 3985 species of flora and fauna. Due to the increasing effects of climate change, mangrove forests in the country are under serious threat. What are mangroves? Mangroves are large...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 5 months agoread more
  • The Himalayas, an important part of the geography of India, extend along the entire Northern and North-Eastern boundary of the country. It spans six Indian States namely, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, West Bengal, Sikkim and a major part of Arunachal Pradesh from west to east. T...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 5 months agoread more
  • The sanitation situation in rural India It has been realised that inadequate availability of drinking water and proper sanitation is the root cause of a number of diseases among populations in rural areas and can lead to even worse outcomes for the poor and vulnerable populations such as women and ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 5 months agoread more
  • Time and again, nature has proved that finding quick fix solutions to problems by using newer technologies and lack of consideration for the surrounding environment has not helped and complicated the issue further. This paper "Science, Society and Risk in the Anthropocene" by Nutan Maurya published...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 5 months agoread more
  • Open wells are one of the most important sources of drinking water, especially in Kerala’s coastal belt. Sadly, recent studies show that as much as 70% of these have been declared unfit due to faecal contamination. Groundwater quality in Kodiyathur village, Kerala The paper titled 'Sanitation ma...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 5 months agoread more
  • Groundwater, though replenishable, is ultimately a finite resource. Excessive withdrawal leads to depletion of the water stored underground, resulting in serious social, economical and environmental consequences. So, how is this groundwater estimated and how can it be recharged? Which are the state...
    sabitakaushalposted 4 years 5 months agoread more
  • As the race to bridge the gap between limited water availability and increasing demand for water narrows in India, rain water harvesting has been increasingly recommended in urban areas to harness the available water, rather than relying on expensive and unsustainable means of procuring water.  ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 5 months agoread more
  • Urban water infrastructure has an important role to play in public health, and includes built networks that facilitate the flow and exchange of water over space. Although water infrastructure is known to influence human health, there is a considerable lack of information on how the flow of water get...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 6 months agoread more
  • Recent years have shown a growing awareness on the relevance of climate change for India within the government as well as civil society, business and media. India has prepared its National Action Plan on Climate Change amidst growing international pressure to devise domestic climate adaptation strat...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 6 months agoread more

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The Balmiki caste has been marginalised for their association with manual scavenging. Swacch Bharat Mission needs to put an end to this evil to save a population from discrimination.

Manual scavenging has been glorified since the time of Mahatma Gandhi. It hasn’t changed now with prime minister Narendra Modi describing it as an “experience in spirituality”. Manual scavenging is dehumanising. And despite the laws created to abolish it, the news of manual scavenging and manual scavengers dying in sewers and septic tanks are not unheard of. The article, Clean India, unclean Indians: Beyond the Bhim Yatra, published in Economic and Political Weekly dated June 25, 2016, deals with these issues and more in detail.

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Mutual trust and not the fear of an imaginary war is needed to improve the Sino-Indian relation over the sharing of Brahmaputra.

When two powerful and populous countries share a river to quench the thirst of its people, some amount of friction between the countries is bound to happen. The water of Brahmaputra, that flows through India, China, Bangladesh and Bhutan, has been a bone of contention between China and India for long. It has now been highlighted as a potential reason for a water conflict to erupt in the Himalayan region.

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The presence of toxic heavy metal in Godavari calls for immediate action because of the health threat from the contaminated water.

According to a report published by the Central Water Commission in 2015 on the status of trace and toxic metals in Indian rivers in the country, a large number of rivers in India are contaminated by heavy metals.

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A study finds the actions undertaken in the 1987 ruling in Mehta vs Union of India resulted in reduced pollution levels and infant mortality.

There is a severe crisis plaguing the rivers in India. Going by a study by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in 2013, the number of contaminated rivers in the country has more than doubled over the past five years.

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Toilet security for women in India is less about the availability of toilets and more about addressing gender disparity.

According to the recent figures by the World Health Organisation and UNICEF [1], India continues to have the highest number of people defecating in the open. 

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Building toilets alone does not solve India’s sanitation issues. A research paper says what more can be done.

It is a fact that constructing toilets alone cannot ensure total sanitation. The real challenge lies in getting people to use them. While treating fecal sludge and disposing it are largely urban concerns, modifying behaviour and motivating people to abandon open defecation are considered rural sanitation challenges.

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This paper tries to understand the effect of coal mining in the northeast India and ways to control its impact on the environment

India has the fifth largest coal reserves in the world [1].

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An analysis finds that the problem of farmer suicides is concentrated in a few states and not an all-India phenomenon

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Marathwada is a classic example of environmental disaster due to climate change which can get worse in the absence of sincere and planned action.

Marathwada has been witnessing severe drought over the last few years. This year has seen the worst with many farmer suicides reported [1]. The article--Agriculture is injurious to health-- published in Economic and Political Weekly, May 7, 2016 warns that Marathwada is a classic example of an environmental disaster in the wake of climate change. Vidarbha, too, is undergoing similar changes.

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This paper argues that the recent restructuring of CWC and CGWB can be a good opportunity to introduce changes in the institutional structure for water governance in India

With increasing concern over water security, water governance worldwide is undergoing a gradual change. This paper 'New institutional structure for water security in India' published in the Economic and Political Weekly informs that inspite of increasing water security concerns, there has not been any change in the knowledge base or the institutional structure for managing water systems in India since the end of the British rule in 1947.

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