Research Papers

  • In the article titled 'A hundred days closer to ecological and social suicide' published in the Economic and Political Weekly, the author argues that the recent changes in the government do not seem to have helped in changing the environmental policies of the country. Rather, they reflect regre...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 4 months agoread more
  • Aims of the report: To build a comprehensive database of the extent of coastal development activities that have taken place on the coast of India. This has been achieved by collecting geo-spatial information from a “virtual” survey, using “Google Earth” maps, as well as available literatu...
    Divya Nposted 4 years 4 months agoread more
  • A recent World Bank report on climate change has predicted a grim outlook for India by outlining its impacts that include: Heat extremes with increase in the frequency of warmer weather conditions Changes in monsoon patterns with increase in the frequency of heavy rainfalls, leading to frequent ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 5 months agoread more
  • Of late, there have been plenty of discussions around the topic of sanitation, which have focussed on building toilets on a massive scale. These are in the aftermath of the new and recently released Millennium Development Goals Report 2014 by the United Nations that shows that India has the wor...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 5 months agoread more
  • Green rating system is a way to assess sustainaibilty of rea estate development in India, therefore, it is important to analyse the rating system from a view point of intangible benefits. Land Ethic (LE), a term coined by an American forester Aldo Leopold, is a roadmap to view the green rating ...
    swatiposted 4 years 7 months agoread more
  • In recent years, water is being extracted from all available sources to satisfy society's growing demands. River basins are mined limitless at various locations. This leads to the basin becoming closed, which means that no more utilizable flow is left in the basin. This results in scarcity and frequ...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 years 9 months agoread more
  • The water related themes of the Conference are- Integerated Water Resources management- Coastal Zone Management- Groundwater quality- Urban flooding and landslides- Ocean infrastructure development- Global warming and its impact on water resources- Wastewater treatment and pollution control technolo...
    Anonymous (not verified)posted 4 years 10 months agoread more
  • A critical review of construction practices in India as back as tenth century shows their relevance even to this date. We only have to follow them to have functional water bodies.
    Prarthana Vishalposted 4 years 10 months agoread more
  • Hydro-geological approach for rejuvenation of riversAbstract: This is an approach paper briefly describing the hydro-geological approach to rejuvenation of rivers. It lists-out main factors responsible for decline of water table in the catchments of a river system vis-à-vis attempts to explain...
    swatiposted 4 years 11 months agoread more
  • FAO's green development agenda aims to improve agriculture in Asia and the Pacific, in order to enhance the ecological well-being by bridging the gap between urban affluence and rural poverty. The approach primarily includes sustainable production intensification to address the challenges of agricul...
    swatiposted 4 years 11 months agoread more
  • Effective city-wide faecal sludge management services are essential for a healthy and sustainable future for all cities and towns in low and middle income countries where much of the population uses on-site sanitation. Sustainable Sanitation Alliance calls for abstracts of papers, workshops and case...
    ravleenposted 4 years 11 months agoread more
  • Water and agriculture are closely linked in our country where 60% our net sown area is rain-fed. Indian agriculture is undoubtedly dependent on the monsoon where good rains have meant enhanced agricultural production, and a weak or bad monsoon has lowered production thereby impacting the economy.How...
    sabitakaushalposted 4 years 11 months agoread more
  • Piped water only for 40% of the middle classOnly 15% of the middle class, households with an annual income above Rs. 88,800, get about three hours of water supply says the latest data from National Council for Applied Economic ResearchLow rainfall in Western Ghats means less water for citiesRainfall...
    ravleenposted 5 years 5 days agoread more
  • Delhi prone to floods: IPCCThe Yamuna River floodplains need to be kept free as buffer zones to absorb the damage due to extreme weather events, says the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The report also says Mumbai and Kolkata prone to coastal floodingPower everywhere ...
    ravleenposted 5 years 1 week agoread more
  • What determines how we use water? Is it proximity to a source or could it be economic factors? A study in Kattanbhavi, a picturesque village in Belgaum, Karnataka, which also borders Maharashtra, gives clear insights into how and why available water sources are used in a particular manner.Kattanbhav...
    Hamsa Iyerposted 5 years 1 month agoread more
  • Arunachal Pradesh, a state rich in water resources, has a huge potential for cheap and plentiful power. Isolated and one of the least developed states in the country, today it is viewed as the ‘powerhouse’ of the country.While the Centre views this as an opportunity to bring in economic benefits...
    sabitakaushalposted 5 years 1 month agoread more
  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report predicts large scale changes in temperature and precipitation over the Asian land mass. In the mountains, this translates to less snow, more intense but shorter episodes of rainfall and insufficient groundwater recharge, thereby resulting i...
    sabitakaushalposted 5 years 1 month agoread more
  • The Himalayan region is facing an unprecedented onslaught of modernization. Large-scale construction, deforestation and pollution are taking a toll on it's pristine eciology. This includes the beautiful Bhimtal lake in Nainital district, Uttarakhand. A case study has been carried out to study this e...
    sabitakaushalposted 5 years 1 month agoread more
  • Water is not ‘gender-neutral’, especially in India. It is the woman of the house who walks an average of 6 km each day to collect water for household use. In the Kumaon region, a newly married bride visits the family spring to fetch water a day after the wedding, in a symbolic tradition of ...
    sabitakaushalposted 5 years 1 month agoread more
  • Northeast India has been in turmoil over the last two decades or so because of unbridled hydropower development in the region. This article is an effort to understand the extent of hydropower development in the region, the multi-faceted and multi layered conflicts unleashed by this development and a...
    chicuposted 5 years 1 month agoread more

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Scholars of development are puzzled that other regions where people are poorer, literacy rates lower, and drinking water more scarce, are better off that India when it comes to open defecation.

Despite India's rapid economic growth in recent decades, open defecation rates continue to be very high. This presents a unique puzzle for scholars of development because other regions where people are poorer, literacy rates lower, and drinking water more scarce, are better off that India when it comes to open defecation.

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A significant number of the urban poor purchase water from tankers and those that deliver water in plastic cans, bottles, sachets, etc, incurring a sizeable monthly expenditure on water purchases.

In India, managing the current demand and planning for future water demand in urban areas is becoming a major challenge for urban water supply authorities. According to current figures by the World Health Organisation, 10% in urban areas in India still do not have access to improved water supply.

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Poor land holding capacity, lack of irrigation facilities and inability to repay loans taken for agricultural and personal use are some reasons for the pitiful state of many farmers.

Marathwada, one of the most drought prone areas in Maharashtra, continues to be in the news over the last few months due to the severe agarian crisis that the region has been facing and the very high rates of farmers suicides.

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A study argues that increasing faecal contamination of groundwater-derived potable supplies is inevitable as the uptake of on-site sanitation intensifies in India.

Inadequate separation of excreta from human contact can lead to a number of health problems. This is a cause for concern in India because as many as 600 million people defecate in the open despite ongoing national programmes to curb this, and the Prime Minister of India having declared this as a national priority pledging to provide a toilet in every home by

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Observations based on changes in animal behaviour and the position of celestial bodies among others have helped Dhemaji's fisherfolk in the early prediction of rains and floods.

Dhemaji is one of the most flood-affected districts in Assam. Although the majority of its population depends on agriculture and sericulture, fishing and driftwood businesses are also practised on a smaller scale. People of Dhemaji are intimately associated with fish culture and capture for their livelihoods.

High frequency of floods and its effect on livelihoods

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A study among the hill women in Uttarakhand found that they showed a high inclination to participate in water and forest management programmes through Informal communities.

Although the state of Uttarakhand is rich in water and forest resources, its watersheds are under threat of wasting and erosion due to decreased forest cover, faulty agricultural practices, hydrologic imbalances and natural calamities. The growing population is further increasing the pressure on natural resources.

The important role of women in natural resource management

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Setting up industries along rivers may be financially rewarding but when untreated effluents drain into the river, the water quality deteriorates.

Water is the most fundamental component of any natural resource, and the crisis of fresh water has posed a formidable challenge worldwide. Among the sources of drinking water rivers play an important role, and in the peninsular river system in India, the River Brahmani plays a pivotal role. 

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India's growing water security requirements can threaten to test regional relations over the next ten years. Cooperation, not competition, is needed to maintain the stability of the region.

As the demand for water is projected to increase globally, South Asia is becoming a hotspot where the economy and the population could be adversely impacted by poor water security due to growing household, agricultural and industrial needs, as well as increase in water-related disasters.

The threat of water security challenges faced by India

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De-linking the relationship between the two and not acknowledging the contribution of sanitation workers can limit the goal of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to clean India and achieve total sanitation.

Of the one billion people defecating out in the open globally, 66% live in India of which as high as 92% live in rural areas. India still continues to lag behind in terms of achieving the Millennium Development Goals sanitation target to halve the population that doesn't have access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015, despite continued efforts by the government over the last three decades. 

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About WET 2016
VIKSAT announces the next batch of the WASH Educators Training (WET 2016). This batch is particularly for the Institutions/applicants from the western eco-regions of India working on issues related to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH). The training is directed towards creating and nurturing a cadre of young educators for better understanding of water and WASH issues.

February 24, 2016 10:00AM - March 4, 2016 7:00AM
January 15, 2016 11:45PM

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