Research Papers

  • River basins in India have been found to be highly vulnerable to contamination. Recent evidence shows that a large number of water sources including rivers, lakes and surface water in India are polluted due to untreated sewage, agricultural runoff and most importantly, due to unregulated industries....
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 1 month agoread more
  • Climate change has been predicted to create increasing risks for the agricultural sector thus inversely affecting agricultural production and farm incomes in India. These risks have already manifested in the form of increasing intensity and extent of droughts, floods, temperature rise and fall, and ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 1 month agoread more
  • Hyderabad, which is India's fourth largest city, has a population of almost 7 million. The Musi river, originating from the Anantagiri hills, divides the city into north and south. The River flows through the city and joins the Krishna in Nalgonda. The paper titled "Stakeholder views, financin...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 1 month agoread more
  • Punjab has made great progress in grain production following the technological revolution in agriculture in the 1960s. The state achieved this through subsidised use of high yielding variety seeds, fertilisers and irrigation. The paper titled 'Groundwater Irrigation-Electricity-Crop diversification...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 1 month agoread more
  • Madurai, Tamil Nadu's second largest city, is now filled with buildings and roads which are eating into its age old network of tanks and canals. This change did not happen overnight. It began in the late 19th century by the British when they merged several hamlets to establish their headquarter...
    seetha@indiawat...posted 4 years 1 month agoread more
  • Known as "Hari-ke-Pattan", this wetland is the largest in the Tarn Taran Sahib district of the Punjab in northern India and has the Harike Lake in its deeper part [1]. Its rich biodiversity plays an important role in maintaining the hydrological balance in the catchment area. It also supports a...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 2 months agoread more
  • The Loktak lake in Manipur is the largest freshwater lake in Northeast India. It is famous for the phumdis, which are isolated collections of heterogenous masses of vegetation, soil, and organic matter at various stages of decomposition, floating over it [1]. It is referred to as the only floating l...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 2 months agoread more
  • Fisheries form an important component of the economy of Jammu and Kashmir, which along with agriculture, contributes a significant 23% to its Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). Besides being an important allied activity to agriculture, it contributes significantly to the agricultural economy and a...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 2 months agoread more
  • Vibrio cholerae is responsible for 100,000 -120,000 deaths annually, worldwide. [1] Commonly found in ponds, rivers and brackish areas, the bacterium finds its way into humans through contaminated food and water. And the result? Cholera. Characterized by severe diarrhea, vomiting and dehydratio...
    seetha@indiawat...posted 4 years 2 months agoread more
  • Rapid urbanisation in various forms is set to transform the coastline of Tamil Nadu as real estate, infrastructure, tourism, and urban beautification plans are in full swing. Fisherfolk, whose everyday life and survival is rooted in the commons, are at the centre of these processes of coastal urbani...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 2 months agoread more
  • By declaring 2014 as the International Year of Family Farming, a lot of attention was focussed on the contribution of small farms, and the role of the families involved in it in eradicating hunger and poverty. Small farms play a crucial role in ensuring food security, nutrition, improving livelihood...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 2 months agoread more
  • India’s 7500 km coastal line supports nearly 4, 87,100 hectares of mangroves. These unique ecosystems harbour nearly 3985 species of flora and fauna. Due to the increasing effects of climate change, mangrove forests in the country are under serious threat. What are mangroves? Mangroves are large...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 2 months agoread more
  • The Himalayas, an important part of the geography of India, extend along the entire Northern and North-Eastern boundary of the country. It spans six Indian States namely, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, West Bengal, Sikkim and a major part of Arunachal Pradesh from west to east. T...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 2 months agoread more
  • The sanitation situation in rural India It has been realised that inadequate availability of drinking water and proper sanitation is the root cause of a number of diseases among populations in rural areas and can lead to even worse outcomes for the poor and vulnerable populations such as women and ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 2 months agoread more
  • Time and again, nature has proved that finding quick fix solutions to problems by using newer technologies and lack of consideration for the surrounding environment has not helped and complicated the issue further. This paper "Science, Society and Risk in the Anthropocene" by Nutan Maurya published...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 2 months agoread more
  • Open wells are one of the most important sources of drinking water, especially in Kerala’s coastal belt. Sadly, recent studies show that as much as 70% of these have been declared unfit due to faecal contamination. Groundwater quality in Kodiyathur village, Kerala The paper titled 'Sanitation ma...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 2 months agoread more
  • Groundwater, though replenishable, is ultimately a finite resource. Excessive withdrawal leads to depletion of the water stored underground, resulting in serious social, economical and environmental consequences. So, how is this groundwater estimated and how can it be recharged? Which are the state...
    sabitakaushalposted 4 years 2 months agoread more
  • As the race to bridge the gap between limited water availability and increasing demand for water narrows in India, rain water harvesting has been increasingly recommended in urban areas to harness the available water, rather than relying on expensive and unsustainable means of procuring water.  ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 2 months agoread more
  • Urban water infrastructure has an important role to play in public health, and includes built networks that facilitate the flow and exchange of water over space. Although water infrastructure is known to influence human health, there is a considerable lack of information on how the flow of water get...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 3 months agoread more
  • Recent years have shown a growing awareness on the relevance of climate change for India within the government as well as civil society, business and media. India has prepared its National Action Plan on Climate Change amidst growing international pressure to devise domestic climate adaptation strat...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 years 3 months agoread more

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This study in urban and rural areas of Vellore, Tamil Nadu found that seasonal fluctuations had an effect on water quality and diarrhoeal disease risk.

Access to safe drinking water and diarrhoeal diseases in India

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Brazil’s trajectory of industrial growth & rapid urbanisation is akin to India. Then how has it managed to provide it’s urban citizens better sanitation facilities?

Urban sanitation in India and the need to look at Brazil

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Water management should be given number one priority in agricultural policy to prevent droughts, minimise risks due to droughts and build a climate-resilient agriculture.

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A study found that toilet use was higher in households that had a high standard of living, higher educational levels among women and that were located in urban areas.

India continues to have the highest number of people defecating out in the open according to recent figures by the World Health Organisation with only 32.7 % of people in rural areas having access to toilets (Census 2011).

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A study found that water stored in glass, plastic and ceramic containers, and coconut shells did not show a reduction in coliform bacteria.

About 3 million children from developing countries below the age of 5 die every year due to diarrhoeal diseases caused by polluted water, poor sanitation and faecal contamination of drinking water sources. The paper titled '

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Low-cost sanitary napkins can start a revolution, but only when factors like access to toilet, clean water, privacy for changing and sustainable disposal of used products is considered.

Menstrual hygiene management continues to be a challenge for rural women in India and many women are forced to resort to unhygienic ways of managing menstruation thus affecting their health and well-being. The paper titled 'Menstrual management and low cost sanitary napkins' published in the Economic and Political Weekly, says that the recent advent of low-cost sanitary napkin-making technology, which has been considered as a boon, is being propogated by a number of governmental and non-governmen

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The paper questions the EIA process and says that unless the issues are resolved, it could erode the very legitimacy of the government to regulate and deliver dignity and equality to all citizens.

One of the tasks that the current government had promised to work on is the fast tracking of the process of appraisal of projects seeking environmental approvals from the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change. The article titled 'Environmental regulation in India: Moving 'forward' in the old direction' published in the Economic and Political Weekly, informs that a high level committee was thus constituted in 2014 under TSR Subramanium to review six key environmental laws in the coun

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Water is used at every stage of construction, especially so in the production of construction materials. Understanding how much of it has been used can lead to better conservation methods.

Construction industry is a booming industry, with the real estate sector contributing heavily towards the country’s GDP.

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The slipbacks in rural drinking water coverage have to do with poor acceptance of reforms to encourage community participation, and the traditional approach of funding targets for asset creation.

The goal of securing universal access to safe drinking water continues to be elusive for India inspite of the impressive strides made in the current years.

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Issues relating to land, manufacturing and technology among others need to be dealt with if India is to make any progress towards this ambitious target.

The present government has set a target of 100 gigawatts (GW) of solar power capacity for the country by 2022.

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