Research Papers

  • According to a United Nations Children’s Fund Resource report, 70% of India’s water supply is polluted with sewage effluents. It also ranks very low at 120 among the 122 nations in terms of quality of water available to its citizens. Current evidence indicates that as high as 37.7 million Indian...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 5 months agoread more
  • Current evidence shows that the number of people living in urban areas in India is expected to more than double and grow to around 800 million by 2050, which will pose unprecedented challenges for water management in the country. The paper titled 'Urban water systems in India: Typologies and hy...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 5 months agoread more
  • Shantabai, a domestic worker in a number of buildings in Pune says, "See didi, nowadays you can find dengue-causing mosquitoes even in posh buildings but people there do not allow Corporation workers to come and spray inside. Even Bollywood actors are being told to take care". While it might be hard...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 5 months agoread more
  • Sanitation coverage in India continues to display marked disparities in access to safe toilet facilities between urban and rural populations across economic and social groups despite some impressive gains made. This lack of access can have deleterious effects on health outcomes and can lead to infec...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 5 months agoread more
  • Recent evidence shows that as high as 95% of diarrheal deaths among children under the age of 5 can be prevented by water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) related interventions that include handwashing, proper excreta disposal and most importantly improved water quality. Evidence from developing count...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 6 months agoread more
  • The Hindu Kush Himalayan region (HKH) is the source of 10 major rivers and is often referred to as the water tower of Asia. However, communities living in this region and downstream face frequent seasonal water scarcity and flooding due to high variations in rainfall. This causes too much water in t...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 6 months agoread more
  • Citizens right to access information on water, climate and environmental issuesThe need for greater transparency and access to information on water, climate and environmental issues has been internationally recognised in recent years. In fact, Principle 10 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and D...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 6 months agoread more
  • Uranium in drinking waterUranium is a radioactive mineral found in the environment and is present in certain types of rocks and soils. However, it has no useful role in the human or animal bodily systems and is regarded as non essential. Chronic exposure to uranium in drinking water is a potential h...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 6 months agoread more
  • Groundwater in our country is rapidly depleting. Inspite of the vision of water managers in planning and investing in the water sector, there are a few issues in the field of groundwater that seem to be partly responsible for this deteriorating groundwater scenario in the country, and these are...
    sabitakaushalposted 3 years 6 months agoread more
  • One characteristic of most Indian slums is their inadequate access to water, which has a serious impact on the health of its residents. Most of the research on water service delivery in slums until recently has focused on water quality and health outcomes, especially diarrhoeal illnesses. However, t...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 7 months agoread more
  • Ecosystems are complex functioning units that include living as well as non living entities and build on interdependent relationships among these living resources, surrounding habitats and residents of an area. Thus, they can include plants, trees, animals, fish, birds, microorganisms, water bodies,...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 7 months agoread more
  • Sanitation in India is at a critical juncture. The Indian government has been contemplating new strategies to deal with the country's sanitation crisis by making massive investments under the Swachh Bharat Mission. Introducing sanitation programmes that reflect user needs and preferences will be cri...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 7 months agoread more
  • A number of studies have linked water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions to improvements in health outcomes such as diarrhoeal diseases, helminth (parasitic worm) infections and childhood stunting. However, little work has been done to evaluate the effects of WASH interventions on adverse...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 8 months agoread more
  • Hydropower development has been given topmost priority in the resource rich state of Himachal Pradesh. It has been hailed as a solution to develop the region and also provide an answer to the unending electricity needs of industry and agriculture. Many of these projects have been blamed as caus...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 8 months agoread more
  • Recent news indicates that the Brahmaputra could be a bone of contention between two important countries in South Asia -- India and China. This is because there are unconfirmed but continuing and alarming reports in recent years on China's plans to divert the waters of the Brahmaputra northwards, po...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 8 months agoread more
  • Since 1999, Bihar has borne the brunt of four droughts. Rainfall scarcity has affected farmers, depleted groundwater levels significantly, and led to an increase in the number of poor people in the state. What measures has the government taken to mitigate the impact? Are the relief programmes offere...
    sabitakaushalposted 3 years 8 months agoread more
  • Contamination of surface water sources such as rivers due to metals, can often make the water dangerous to drink because of the health hazards associated with consuming toxic metals. The report titled 'Status of trace and toxic metals in Indian rivers' published by the Central Water Commission ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 8 months agoread more
  • Declining groundwater levels and increasing stress on water resources in rural areas in India is a major concern for development since the livelihoods of a majority of the rural population depends on agriculture and the availability of sustainable water resources. More productive use of rainwater is...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 8 months agoread more
  • Solar energy, which was until now only considered for small scale lighting is now slowly gaining tremendous popularity among farmers to pump irrigation water. The paper titled 'Karnataka’s smart, new solar pump policy for irrigation' published in the Economic and Political Weekly, provides a ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 8 months agoread more
  • The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA), which continues to be the largest public employment program involving Rs.34,600 crore in a period of just five years since its implementation, was enacted on August 25, 2005 and renamed as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Gua...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 years 8 months agoread more

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The Balmiki caste has been marginalised for their association with manual scavenging. Swacch Bharat Mission needs to put an end to this evil to save a population from discrimination.

Manual scavenging has been glorified since the time of Mahatma Gandhi. It hasn’t changed now with prime minister Narendra Modi describing it as an “experience in spirituality”. Manual scavenging is dehumanising. And despite the laws created to abolish it, the news of manual scavenging and manual scavengers dying in sewers and septic tanks are not unheard of. The article, Clean India, unclean Indians: Beyond the Bhim Yatra, published in Economic and Political Weekly dated June 25, 2016, deals with these issues and more in detail.

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Mutual trust and not the fear of an imaginary war is needed to improve the Sino-Indian relation over the sharing of Brahmaputra.

When two powerful and populous countries share a river to quench the thirst of its people, some amount of friction between the countries is bound to happen. The water of Brahmaputra, that flows through India, China, Bangladesh and Bhutan, has been a bone of contention between China and India for long. It has now been highlighted as a potential reason for a water conflict to erupt in the Himalayan region.

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The presence of toxic heavy metal in Godavari calls for immediate action because of the health threat from the contaminated water.

According to a report published by the Central Water Commission in 2015 on the status of trace and toxic metals in Indian rivers in the country, a large number of rivers in India are contaminated by heavy metals.

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A study finds the actions undertaken in the 1987 ruling in Mehta vs Union of India resulted in reduced pollution levels and infant mortality.

There is a severe crisis plaguing the rivers in India. Going by a study by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in 2013, the number of contaminated rivers in the country has more than doubled over the past five years.

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Toilet security for women in India is less about the availability of toilets and more about addressing gender disparity.

According to the recent figures by the World Health Organisation and UNICEF [1], India continues to have the highest number of people defecating in the open. 

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Building toilets alone does not solve India’s sanitation issues. A research paper says what more can be done.

It is a fact that constructing toilets alone cannot ensure total sanitation. The real challenge lies in getting people to use them. While treating fecal sludge and disposing it are largely urban concerns, modifying behaviour and motivating people to abandon open defecation are considered rural sanitation challenges.

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This paper tries to understand the effect of coal mining in the northeast India and ways to control its impact on the environment

India has the fifth largest coal reserves in the world [1].

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An analysis finds that the problem of farmer suicides is concentrated in a few states and not an all-India phenomenon

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Marathwada is a classic example of environmental disaster due to climate change which can get worse in the absence of sincere and planned action.

Marathwada has been witnessing severe drought over the last few years. This year has seen the worst with many farmer suicides reported [1]. The article--Agriculture is injurious to health-- published in Economic and Political Weekly, May 7, 2016 warns that Marathwada is a classic example of an environmental disaster in the wake of climate change. Vidarbha, too, is undergoing similar changes.

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This paper argues that the recent restructuring of CWC and CGWB can be a good opportunity to introduce changes in the institutional structure for water governance in India

With increasing concern over water security, water governance worldwide is undergoing a gradual change. This paper 'New institutional structure for water security in India' published in the Economic and Political Weekly informs that inspite of increasing water security concerns, there has not been any change in the knowledge base or the institutional structure for managing water systems in India since the end of the British rule in 1947.

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