Research Papers

  • FAO's green development agenda aims to improve agriculture in Asia and the Pacific, in order to enhance the ecological well-being by bridging the gap between urban affluence and rural poverty. The approach primarily includes sustainable production intensification to address the challenges of agricul...
    swatiposted 5 years 6 months agoread more
  • Effective city-wide faecal sludge management services are essential for a healthy and sustainable future for all cities and towns in low and middle income countries where much of the population uses on-site sanitation. Sustainable Sanitation Alliance calls for abstracts of papers, workshops and case...
    ravleenposted 5 years 6 months agoread more
  • Water and agriculture are closely linked in our country where 60% our net sown area is rain-fed. Indian agriculture is undoubtedly dependent on the monsoon where good rains have meant enhanced agricultural production, and a weak or bad monsoon has lowered production thereby impacting the economy.How...
    sabitakaushalposted 5 years 7 months agoread more
  • Piped water only for 40% of the middle classOnly 15% of the middle class, households with an annual income above Rs. 88,800, get about three hours of water supply says the latest data from National Council for Applied Economic ResearchLow rainfall in Western Ghats means less water for citiesRainfall...
    ravleenposted 5 years 7 months agoread more
  • Delhi prone to floods: IPCCThe Yamuna River floodplains need to be kept free as buffer zones to absorb the damage due to extreme weather events, says the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The report also says Mumbai and Kolkata prone to coastal floodingPower everywhere ...
    ravleenposted 5 years 8 months agoread more
  • What determines how we use water? Is it proximity to a source or could it be economic factors? A study in Kattanbhavi, a picturesque village in Belgaum, Karnataka, which also borders Maharashtra, gives clear insights into how and why available water sources are used in a particular manner.Kattanbhav...
    Hamsa Iyerposted 5 years 8 months agoread more
  • Arunachal Pradesh, a state rich in water resources, has a huge potential for cheap and plentiful power. Isolated and one of the least developed states in the country, today it is viewed as the ‘powerhouse’ of the country.While the Centre views this as an opportunity to bring in economic benefits...
    sabitakaushalposted 5 years 8 months agoread more
  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report predicts large scale changes in temperature and precipitation over the Asian land mass. In the mountains, this translates to less snow, more intense but shorter episodes of rainfall and insufficient groundwater recharge, thereby resulting i...
    sabitakaushalposted 5 years 8 months agoread more
  • The Himalayan region is facing an unprecedented onslaught of modernization. Large-scale construction, deforestation and pollution are taking a toll on it's pristine eciology. This includes the beautiful Bhimtal lake in Nainital district, Uttarakhand. A case study has been carried out to study this e...
    sabitakaushalposted 5 years 8 months agoread more
  • Water is not ‘gender-neutral’, especially in India. It is the woman of the house who walks an average of 6 km each day to collect water for household use. In the Kumaon region, a newly married bride visits the family spring to fetch water a day after the wedding, in a symbolic tradition of ...
    sabitakaushalposted 5 years 8 months agoread more
  • Northeast India has been in turmoil over the last two decades or so because of unbridled hydropower development in the region. This article is an effort to understand the extent of hydropower development in the region, the multi-faceted and multi layered conflicts unleashed by this development and a...
    chicuposted 5 years 9 months agoread more
  • Watershed management, which is an integrated set of soil and water conservation techniques that retain runoff and so increase water availability, can provide an environment for fisheries development for food or trade. Fish found in streams and rivers serve as a source of food in varying degrees for ...
    chicuposted 5 years 9 months agoread more
  • Gender influences access to water to a high degree throughout the world, a fact recognised in the Dublin Principles but how does topography influence this access? This study detailed in this post aims to find the answer to this question.The study draws upon unstructured interviews that focused ...
    chicuposted 5 years 10 months agoread more
  • The name Tripura originated from 'Twi' meaning water and 'Para' meaning land. The indigenous population, which is about 32%, refer to Tripura as Twipra, meaning land of water. However, the state no longer seems to be living up to its name. Its annual average per capita water availability is 35,...
    Manu Moudgilposted 5 years 10 months agoread more
  • Meghalaya is rich in minerals, especially coal. This has led to rampant mining in the state. Large scale denudation of forest cover, scarcity of water, destruction of water sources, pollution of air, water and soil, and degradation of agricultural lands are some of the conspicuous environmental impl...
    chicuposted 5 years 10 months agoread more
  • This report by Centre for Environment Education highlights several gaps in environmental impact assessment reports of 79 mines and suggests specific steps to be taken by Union Environment Ministry to set things right.
    Prarthana Vishalposted 5 years 10 months agoread more
  • The dialogue focussed on five themes: challenges in water utility management, roles of the private sector and civil society, role of water regulators, improving water data and metrics, and prospects for capacity building. The report summarises the challenges in these thematic areas and outlines bro...
    Prarthana Vishalposted 5 years 10 months agoread more
  • Their models stress on behavioural change and morethan government subsidy to install toilets.
    Prarthana Vishalposted 5 years 10 months agoread more
  • Punjab suffers from twin problems of declining groundwater in some areas and waterlogging in others. This paper terms the aquifer mapping and management programme under the Twelfth Five-Year Plan as a good opportunity.
    Prarthana Vishalposted 5 years 10 months agoread more
  • The report throws light on the recharge techniques practiced traditionally in different regions of the country and shares some of the success stories of the Board in implementing cost effective groundwater recharge techniques.
    Prarthana Vishalposted 5 years 10 months agoread more

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This paper tries to understand the effect of coal mining in the northeast India and ways to control its impact on the environment

India has the fifth largest coal reserves in the world [1].

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An analysis finds that the problem of farmer suicides is concentrated in a few states and not an all-India phenomenon

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Marathwada is a classic example of environmental disaster due to climate change which can get worse in the absence of sincere and planned action.

Marathwada has been witnessing severe drought over the last few years. This year has seen the worst with many farmer suicides reported [1]. The article--Agriculture is injurious to health-- published in Economic and Political Weekly, May 7, 2016 warns that Marathwada is a classic example of an environmental disaster in the wake of climate change. Vidarbha, too, is undergoing similar changes.

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This paper argues that the recent restructuring of CWC and CGWB can be a good opportunity to introduce changes in the institutional structure for water governance in India

With increasing concern over water security, water governance worldwide is undergoing a gradual change. This paper 'New institutional structure for water security in India' published in the Economic and Political Weekly informs that inspite of increasing water security concerns, there has not been any change in the knowledge base or the institutional structure for managing water systems in India since the end of the British rule in 1947.

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This study in urban and rural areas of Vellore, Tamil Nadu found that seasonal fluctuations had an effect on water quality and diarrhoeal disease risk.

Access to safe drinking water and diarrhoeal diseases in India

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Brazil’s trajectory of industrial growth & rapid urbanisation is akin to India. Then how has it managed to provide it’s urban citizens better sanitation facilities?

Urban sanitation in India and the need to look at Brazil

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Water management should be given number one priority in agricultural policy to prevent droughts, minimise risks due to droughts and build a climate-resilient agriculture.

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A study found that toilet use was higher in households that had a high standard of living, higher educational levels among women and that were located in urban areas.

India continues to have the highest number of people defecating out in the open according to recent figures by the World Health Organisation with only 32.7 % of people in rural areas having access to toilets (Census 2011).

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A study found that water stored in glass, plastic and ceramic containers, and coconut shells did not show a reduction in coliform bacteria.

About 3 million children from developing countries below the age of 5 die every year due to diarrhoeal diseases caused by polluted water, poor sanitation and faecal contamination of drinking water sources. The paper titled '

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Low-cost sanitary napkins can start a revolution, but only when factors like access to toilet, clean water, privacy for changing and sustainable disposal of used products is considered.

Menstrual hygiene management continues to be a challenge for rural women in India and many women are forced to resort to unhygienic ways of managing menstruation thus affecting their health and well-being. The paper titled 'Menstrual management and low cost sanitary napkins' published in the Economic and Political Weekly, says that the recent advent of low-cost sanitary napkin-making technology, which has been considered as a boon, is being propogated by a number of governmental and non-governmen

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