Research Papers

  • Water and agriculture are closely linked in our country where 60% our net sown area is rain-fed. Indian agriculture is undoubtedly dependent on the monsoon where good rains have meant enhanced agricultural production, and a weak or bad monsoon has lowered production thereby impacting the economy.How...
    sabitakaushalposted 5 years 3 months agoread more
  • Piped water only for 40% of the middle classOnly 15% of the middle class, households with an annual income above Rs. 88,800, get about three hours of water supply says the latest data from National Council for Applied Economic ResearchLow rainfall in Western Ghats means less water for citiesRainfall...
    ravleenposted 5 years 4 months agoread more
  • Delhi prone to floods: IPCCThe Yamuna River floodplains need to be kept free as buffer zones to absorb the damage due to extreme weather events, says the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The report also says Mumbai and Kolkata prone to coastal floodingPower everywhere ...
    ravleenposted 5 years 4 months agoread more
  • What determines how we use water? Is it proximity to a source or could it be economic factors? A study in Kattanbhavi, a picturesque village in Belgaum, Karnataka, which also borders Maharashtra, gives clear insights into how and why available water sources are used in a particular manner.Kattanbhav...
    Hamsa Iyerposted 5 years 5 months agoread more
  • Arunachal Pradesh, a state rich in water resources, has a huge potential for cheap and plentiful power. Isolated and one of the least developed states in the country, today it is viewed as the ‘powerhouse’ of the country.While the Centre views this as an opportunity to bring in economic benefits...
    sabitakaushalposted 5 years 5 months agoread more
  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report predicts large scale changes in temperature and precipitation over the Asian land mass. In the mountains, this translates to less snow, more intense but shorter episodes of rainfall and insufficient groundwater recharge, thereby resulting i...
    sabitakaushalposted 5 years 5 months agoread more
  • The Himalayan region is facing an unprecedented onslaught of modernization. Large-scale construction, deforestation and pollution are taking a toll on it's pristine eciology. This includes the beautiful Bhimtal lake in Nainital district, Uttarakhand. A case study has been carried out to study this e...
    sabitakaushalposted 5 years 5 months agoread more
  • Water is not ‘gender-neutral’, especially in India. It is the woman of the house who walks an average of 6 km each day to collect water for household use. In the Kumaon region, a newly married bride visits the family spring to fetch water a day after the wedding, in a symbolic tradition of ...
    sabitakaushalposted 5 years 5 months agoread more
  • Northeast India has been in turmoil over the last two decades or so because of unbridled hydropower development in the region. This article is an effort to understand the extent of hydropower development in the region, the multi-faceted and multi layered conflicts unleashed by this development and a...
    chicuposted 5 years 5 months agoread more
  • Watershed management, which is an integrated set of soil and water conservation techniques that retain runoff and so increase water availability, can provide an environment for fisheries development for food or trade. Fish found in streams and rivers serve as a source of food in varying degrees for ...
    chicuposted 5 years 6 months agoread more
  • Gender influences access to water to a high degree throughout the world, a fact recognised in the Dublin Principles but how does topography influence this access? This study detailed in this post aims to find the answer to this question.The study draws upon unstructured interviews that focused ...
    chicuposted 5 years 6 months agoread more
  • The name Tripura originated from 'Twi' meaning water and 'Para' meaning land. The indigenous population, which is about 32%, refer to Tripura as Twipra, meaning land of water. However, the state no longer seems to be living up to its name. Its annual average per capita water availability is 35,...
    Manu Moudgilposted 5 years 6 months agoread more
  • Meghalaya is rich in minerals, especially coal. This has led to rampant mining in the state. Large scale denudation of forest cover, scarcity of water, destruction of water sources, pollution of air, water and soil, and degradation of agricultural lands are some of the conspicuous environmental impl...
    chicuposted 5 years 6 months agoread more
  • This report by Centre for Environment Education highlights several gaps in environmental impact assessment reports of 79 mines and suggests specific steps to be taken by Union Environment Ministry to set things right.
    Prarthana Vishalposted 5 years 7 months agoread more
  • The dialogue focussed on five themes: challenges in water utility management, roles of the private sector and civil society, role of water regulators, improving water data and metrics, and prospects for capacity building. The report summarises the challenges in these thematic areas and outlines bro...
    Prarthana Vishalposted 5 years 7 months agoread more
  • Their models stress on behavioural change and morethan government subsidy to install toilets.
    Prarthana Vishalposted 5 years 7 months agoread more
  • Punjab suffers from twin problems of declining groundwater in some areas and waterlogging in others. This paper terms the aquifer mapping and management programme under the Twelfth Five-Year Plan as a good opportunity.
    Prarthana Vishalposted 5 years 7 months agoread more
  • The report throws light on the recharge techniques practiced traditionally in different regions of the country and shares some of the success stories of the Board in implementing cost effective groundwater recharge techniques.
    Prarthana Vishalposted 5 years 7 months agoread more
  • A critical resource like water must be managed holistically across different uses, with coordination across government departments, and with community participation.
    Prarthana Vishalposted 5 years 7 months agoread more
  • A research in Sitapura Industrial Area, Jaipur, Rajasthan shows activated red mud has better fluoride absorption capacity than in its normal state
    Prarthana Vishalposted 5 years 7 months agoread more

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The slipbacks in rural drinking water coverage have to do with poor acceptance of reforms to encourage community participation, and the traditional approach of funding targets for asset creation.

The goal of securing universal access to safe drinking water continues to be elusive for India inspite of the impressive strides made in the current years.

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Issues relating to land, manufacturing and technology among others need to be dealt with if India is to make any progress towards this ambitious target.

The present government has set a target of 100 gigawatts (GW) of solar power capacity for the country by 2022.

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As India grows to be the largest consumer of groundwater, a paper titled ‘Overview of Groundwater in India analyses the situation in the country.

Groundwater is the major source of drinking water in both urban and rural India, and an important source of water for agricultural and industrial sectors.

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A study by IISc on the city's water bodies argues that poor governance, lack of a sense of belonging, and poor implementation of regulatory norms has caused this situation.

India has had very little to celebrate on World Wetlands Day this year as it has lost its wetlands at an alarming rate of 38% in just a decade (1991-2001). Additionally, there continues to be a regulatory vacuum around wetlands, because of which they continue to be ungoverned and unprotected.

Lakes as one of the valuable wetlands of Bangalore

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This study provides first time evidence that the provision of hygienic latrines and piped water supply in rural villages can lead to significant reduction in the spread of diarrhoeal diseases.

Open defecation continues to be practised by as high as 65% of India's rural population and only 14% of rural households have access to piped water supply leading to high rates of infant deaths and mortality. This working paper titled 'Toilets can work: Short and medium run health impacts of addressing complementarities and externalities in water and sanitation' published by the  National Bureau of Economic Research, argues

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Greater insight into consumer behaviour can help replace blanket notions of an ‘average consumer’ with closely observed knowledge of the diversity of water use practices in domestic spaces.

An ever expanding middle class has come to symbolise a new India which is changing individual and household consumption patterns by accessing resources and technologies beyond their availabilities. Water as an everyday resource has not escaped this whirlwind of change and a substantial volume of water is being used in urban homes, where Western-influenced, water intensive forms of living are becoming the norm.

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Farmers have been known to observe the movement of ants and butterflies to forecast rainfall. Do such indigenous practices hold the key to addressing climate change issues?

Erratic rainfall, heavy storms, extreme weather and droughts are some of the major impacts of climate changes. Though it affects everyone, certain sections of society, like indigenous people who live closer to the natural environment, are in fact more vulnerable to these variations. However, they are also the first to observe, identify and formulate required strategies to adapt to climate change. This wisdom, insight and knowledge of local people is termed as indigenous technical knowledge (ITK).

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While generating gender disaggregated data, it is important to explore how to represent the gendered worlds and experiences of men and women at the smallest geographical unit--the household.

Growth and development indicators at the policy level many a times demand the need for factual data that is often standardised and expressed as numbers in order to make each local context comparable to other and allow data to be aggregated to higher geographical scales. This is also true of the field of gender and water where the need for gender disaggregated data is identified as very crucial and urgent making the generation of numbers seem like one of the important priorities.

Generating gender disaagregated data, looking beyond numbers

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Inspite of Dehradun being declared as an Ecologically Sensitive Zone 30 years ago, we couldn’t safeguard its fragility. Will the so called 'Smart City Plan' by UHUDA really help?

The Babur Nama mentions that the “the finest running water in Hindustan is that in the Dun.” The expanse of the va

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Scholars of development are puzzled that other regions where people are poorer, literacy rates lower, and drinking water more scarce, are better off that India when it comes to open defecation.

Despite India's rapid economic growth in recent decades, open defecation rates continue to be very high. This presents a unique puzzle for scholars of development because other regions where people are poorer, literacy rates lower, and drinking water more scarce, are better off that India when it comes to open defecation.

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