Research Papers

  • Noise pollution, a rising threat Increasing noise pollution is now becoming a global threat affecting both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Aquatic animals are especially vulnerable to noise pollution. This is because visual cues are absent or limited in aquatic environments and animals mostly d...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 7 months 1 week agoread more
  • Climate change impacts are disproportionate and influence lives and livelihoods variedly. One crucial determinant of these disproportionate impacts is gender. Existing social norms determine roles and responsibilities, entitlements and capabilities, thereby influencing the individual perceptions of ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 7 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Groundwater pollution due to organic micropollutants is becoming a major cause of concern in many parts of the world, where water resources are on the decline. India is the largest user of groundwater and the presence of micropollutants in groundwater has been a growing concern. What do studies on m...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 7 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • People tend to be happier and reinvigorated in green spaces. Agrobiodiversity - the number and abundance of different species in particular systems is known to promote happiness. It ensures the resilience of ecosystem services such as food production, climate regulation, and pest management that in ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 7 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • A recent book ‘Transforming Food Systems for a Rising India’ by the Tata-Cornell Institute for Agriculture and Nutrition (TCI) at Cornell University provides a detailed assessment of the major paradoxes of the Indian growth story. It is marked by the simultaneous existence of regional inequality...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 8 months 2 days agoread more
  • India’s forest sector, at crossroads India’s forest sector was in a major turmoil last year. This was following the government‘s proposed revisions to the National Forest Policy and the Indian Forest Act and the Supreme Court‘s order of February 13, 2019 pertaining to The Scheduled Tribes a...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 8 months 1 week agoread more
  • Like in many parts of India, Karnataka’s groundwater is a vital source of irrigation water, but has been depleted by a combination of a prolonged, multi-year drought and intensive extraction. Worsening agro-climatic and environmental conditions are threatening the incomes of smallholder farmers an...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 8 months 1 week agoread more
  • India, a groundwater stressed country India is the largest user of groundwater in the world and is experiencing an alarming depletion of its groundwater resources with withdrawal rates being much higher than replenishment. Evidence shows that India's dependence on groundwater has increased followin...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 8 months 1 week agoread more
  • A recent study by the Council on Energy, Environment and Water offers insights into Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) vis-à-vis its effect on the economics of agriculture in Andhra Pradesh. The study titled ‘Can Zero Budget Natural Farming Save Input Costs and Fertiliser Subsidies? Evidence from...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 8 months 1 week agoread more
  • Droughts are becoming common in India India has a long history of droughts. There were 26 major droughts from 1870 to 2018, when the All India Summer Monsoon Rainfall (AISMR) was found to be lesser than the mean rainfall for the country. Even the most recent drought was disastrous for India, affect...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 8 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Agriculture the largest consumer of groundwater in India Agriculture consumes the largest share of groundwater in India - the biggest user of groundwater in the world. The past few decades have witnessed an alarming depletion of groundwater resources in the country. While almost half of the agricul...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 9 months 1 week agoread more
  • The recent trade war between the United States and China was, among other things, about virtual water - the hidden water in products. Producing anything, whether it is soyabean or clothes, uses water, and has a water footprint. Even after production, shipping and trading also have a hidden water cos...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 9 months 1 week agoread more
  • A new study finds that introducing coarse cereals such as millet and sorghum could improve India’s national food supply in many ways. The study by the Data Science Institute at Columbia University found that India’s agricultural policies have largely focused on the single objective of maxim...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 9 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Global warming has given rise to unprecedented extreme events such as cyclones, floods, heatwaves and droughts in India. Why are these threats increasing? Dr Aradhana Yaduvanshi, a hydro meteorologist at W-CReS (The WOTR Center for Resilience Studies) talks to India Water Portal about her study on ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 9 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Droughts in India: types, causes and effects Droughts are greatly feared in India, impacting food production, the economy and the livelihoods of millions of farmers. 60% of India’s population is engaged in agriculture. So what is a drought? A drought can be defined as “An extended period—a...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 9 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Wind energy is a renewable, inexhaustible, non-polluting and popular alternative source of clean energy. India stands fourth in the world in wind energy conversion and utilization, with an installed capacity of about 34,605 MW as of September 2018. Countries such as Uruguay, Germany and United Kin...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 9 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Development and its impact on the environment has long been a contentious issue in India, where lack of adequate monitoring and control mechanisms have led to severe degradation of land, water and forest resources. Mining activities in Goa have not only poisoned its land and water, but also affected...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 10 months 3 days agoread more
  • A major area of concern currently for India is the proper disposal of wastewater in urban areas. The huge increase in supply of potable water to cater to the needs of modern urban households has correspondingly increased the quantum of wastewater. The implementation of the Swacch Bharat Mission has ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 10 months 4 days agoread more
  • Punjab, riding high on pesticides Pesticide use continues to be very high in agriculture in India, where estimated annual production losses due to pests amount to approximately US$ 42.66 million per year. Pesticides are chemical compounds that kill pests such as insects, rodents, fungi an...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 10 months 4 days agoread more
  • Climate change and over-exploited river basins may leave developing countries in Asia, such as India and China, without enough water to cool power plants in the near future, according to a study. Thermal power plants (e.g. natural gas, nuclear, and coal) use water for cooling. Water scarci...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 10 months 1 week agoread more

Pages

How much water do we consume directly and indirectly?

Climate change and water scarcity in India

The world is today facing an unprecedented water crisis, both in access and availability. Cape Town in South Africa reached ‘day zero’ water status in 2018. India, according to the NITI Aayog, is facing the worst water crisis in its history, with an estimated 600 million people having to deal with high to extreme water scarcity.

Attachments

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

The recent COVID -19 pandemic highlights the important role that access to clean water can play in dealing with such diseases in the future.

This month has been seeing a different kind of a scare world over, that of the deadly corona virus pandemic that has been spreading rapidly, infecting people and leading to a rising number of deaths in numerous countries. India too is in the line of fire with the total number of active COVID-2019 cases reaching 223 as on 20th March 2020.

The growing threat of the corona virus

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Technology and crowdsourced data need to play a greater role in disaster management in India.

With the rise in frequency and intensity of unexpected disasters, the need for effective communication technologies such as the use of social and mobile tools seems to be growing for responding to disaster situations in emergency, rescue and relief efforts. COVID-19 has been declared as ‘notified disaster’ by the central government recently in a move it called “a special one-time dispensation”, to contain the spread of the infectious virus. 

Attachments

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

A study finds that long term exposure to high levels of nitrates in drinking water can lead to health effects such as shorter height or stunting.

Nitrogen pollution of water can lead to severe consequences not only for the environment, but also to human health. Current evidence shows that nitrogen pollution of water is on the rise not only in developing, but also in developed countries.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

A study finds that women’s participation in water management institutions continues to be low in India in spite of the important role that they play in agriculture and irrigation.

Women, major contributors in agriculture and irrigation

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

While the government has passed a draft notification to bar use of Reverse Osmosis (RO) purifiers in cities, what does evidence on the ground tell us?

The Government of India has passed a draft notification to bar membrane based systems such as Reverse Osmosis (RO) to be used as domestic purifiers in cities where the tap water is safe according to the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) norms. This is to comply with an order of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) that proposed a ban on RO in the NCR region.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

A report highlights the dangers for the millions of people who clean toilets, sewers and septic tanks the world over and calls for urgent action.

Many of the challenges sanitation workers face, stem from their lack of visibility in society, says a report ‘Health, Safety and Dignity of Sanitation Workers’ produced jointly by The World Bank, International Labour Organization (ILO), Wa

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Overworked, poorly paid and deprived of any rights, migrant cane cutters, especially women are most vulnerable and continue to suffer from a number of health and security risks.

Maharashtra is the second largest sugar producing state in India, after Uttar Pradesh where as high as 1.6 million farmers cultivate sugarcane on 0.7 million hectares of land. The sugarcane industry provides direct employment to about 0.16 million workers while 1.5 million workers engage in sugarcane harvesting and transport operations every year.

While Maharashtra boasts of having the largest cooperative sugar mills in India, private sugar mills are gaining prominence over cooperative mills over the last few years.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Non monsoon flows of rivers in India are showing a declining trend. What can be done to deal with the situation?

Non monsoon flows of Indian rivers are declining

Recent evidence shows that monsoon flows in Indian rivers are almost unaffected, but the non-monsoon flows show a declining trend. This has manifested in the form of:

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Decentralised groundwater governance frameworks that integrate democratic institutional mechanisms are needed to deal with the current groundwater crisis in India.

The challenges to sustain groundwater dependency in India are many where groundwater over extraction is not only leading to rapid depletion of the resource, but also giving rise to water quality issues in a situation where the response at the level of policy continues to be lukewarm.

Attachments

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Research Papers