Research Papers

  • Tank systems of India Reservoirs, artificial or natural, play an important role in securing water for lives and livelihoods. India has about 580,000 tanks of various sizes spread over across the country, of which 150,000 tanks are located in the semi-arid region of Deccan plateau. In Maharashtra al...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 days 10 hours agoread more
  • Groundwater depletion, a growing challenge for India Groundwater depletion is assuming serious proportions in India with extraction having increased from less than one million in 1960 to almost 24 million in 2014. Irrigation consumes as high as 90 percent of the groundwater extracted annually, whil...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 week 5 days agoread more
  • Coastal flooding is rising in India and recent evidence shows that as high as 36 million Indians will be at the risk of chronic flooding by 2050. The Indian coastline extends over 7,500 kmts across nine states, two Union territories and two island territories — Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadwee...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 2 weeks 6 days agoread more
  • Dams threaten freshwater biodiversity Freshwater habitats like rivers, creeks, lakes, ponds, streams, swamps and marshes account for only three percent of the world’s water and cover about 0.8 percent of the Earth’s surface, but harbour incredible diversity and are homes to more than 100, 000 s...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 weeks 3 days agoread more
  • While Covid-19 has brought forth the need for better access to water for WASH practices to the forefront, how India plans to bring water at the doorstep through the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) continues to be a challenge. This is especially in the context of not only access but also quality of the avai...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 2 months 5 days agoread more
  • The Forest Rights Act or FRA was enacted in 2006, following collective pressure from a massive social movement to correct the historical injustices imposed since the colonial takeover of India's forests. Community Forest Resource (CFR) Rights recognized under FRA transfers collective rights and resp...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Latur in Maharashtra has been facing acute drinking water scarcity over the last month and has been in news again, and that too, inspite of having piped water connections and a good monsoon this year! Indeed, availability of safe drinking water near the house can provide a number of advantages. It ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Climate change and water scarcity in India The world is today facing an unprecedented water crisis, both in access and availability. Cape Town in South Africa reached ‘day zero’ water status in 2018. India, according to the NITI Aayog, is facing the worst water crisis in its history, with an es...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • This month has been seeing a different kind of a scare world over, that of the deadly corona virus pandemic that has been spreading rapidly, infecting people and leading to a rising number of deaths in numerous countries. India too is in the line of fire with the total number of active COVID-2019 ca...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • With the rise in frequency and intensity of unexpected disasters, the need for effective communication technologies such as the use of social and mobile tools seems to be growing for responding to disaster situations in emergency, rescue and relief efforts. COVID-19 has been declared as ‘notified ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 3 months 4 weeks agoread more
  • Nitrogen pollution of water can lead to severe consequences not only for the environment, but also to human health. Current evidence shows that nitrogen pollution of water is on the rise not only in developing, but also in developed countries. A World Bank Policy Research Working Paper titled 'The ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 months 4 weeks agoread more
  • Women, major contributors in agriculture and irrigation Women constitute a major workforce in agriculture with 75 percent of them, as compared to 59 percent men, working in the agricultural sector in India. Barring ploughing, a major share of agricultural work such as paddy transplanting, weeding, ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 months 5 days agoread more
  • The Government of India has passed a draft notification to bar membrane based systems such as Reverse Osmosis (RO) to be used as domestic purifiers in cities where the tap water is safe according to the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) norms. This is to comply with an order of the National Green Tri...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 months 1 week agoread more
  • Many of the challenges sanitation workers face, stem from their lack of visibility in society, says a report ‘Health, Safety and Dignity of Sanitation Workers’ produced jointly by The World Bank, International Labour Organization (ILO), WaterAid and the World Health Organization (WHO)....
    Amita Bhaduriposted 4 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Maharashtra is the second largest sugar producing state in India, after Uttar Pradesh where as high as 1.6 million farmers cultivate sugarcane on 0.7 million hectares of land. The sugarcane industry provides direct employment to about 0.16 million workers while 1.5 million workers engage in sugarcan...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Non monsoon flows of Indian rivers are declining Recent evidence shows that monsoon flows in Indian rivers are almost unaffected, but the non-monsoon flows show a declining trend. This has manifested in the form of: Medium and small rivers originating from mountains, ponds, pools, forests or spr...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • The challenges to sustain groundwater dependency in India are many where groundwater over extraction is not only leading to rapid depletion of the resource, but also giving rise to water quality issues in a situation where the response at the level of policy continues to be lukewarm. A workshop t...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 4 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Noise pollution, a rising threat Increasing noise pollution is now becoming a global threat affecting both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Aquatic animals are especially vulnerable to noise pollution. This is because visual cues are absent or limited in aquatic environments and animals mostly d...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 5 months 4 days agoread more
  • Climate change impacts are disproportionate and influence lives and livelihoods variedly. One crucial determinant of these disproportionate impacts is gender. Existing social norms determine roles and responsibilities, entitlements and capabilities, thereby influencing the individual perceptions of ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 5 months 1 week agoread more
  • Groundwater pollution due to organic micropollutants is becoming a major cause of concern in many parts of the world, where water resources are on the decline. India is the largest user of groundwater and the presence of micropollutants in groundwater has been a growing concern. What do studies on m...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 5 months 2 weeks agoread more

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Maharashtra has been implementing the Gaalmukt Dharan, Gaalyukt Shivar Yojana (GDGS) scheme since 2017. How has it fared and what needs to be done to improve it further?

Tank systems of India

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Saurashtra, and Vidarbha and Marathwada have similar climatic and aquifer characteristics. Why do the latter suffer from droughts when Saurashtra has been able to improve its groundwater levels?

Groundwater depletion, a growing challenge for India

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Mangroves not only help India economically by protecting coastal assets during cyclones, but also help by protecting people in densely populated coastal areas.

Coastal flooding is rising in India and recent evidence shows that as high as 36 million Indians will be at the risk of chronic flooding by 2050. The Indian coastline extends over 7,500 kmts across nine states, two Union territories and two island territories — Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep.

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A global study finds that freshwater fish suffer more due to fragmentation and loss of connectivity of rivers due to building of dams.

Dams threaten freshwater biodiversity

Freshwater habitats like rivers, creeks, lakes, ponds, streams, swamps and marshes account for only three percent of the world’s water and cover about 0.8 percent of the Earth’s surface, but harbour incredible diversity and are homes to more than 100, 000 species of plants and animals.

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Regions

A study from Maharashtra found that piped water supply did not ensure access to safe water. Intermittent water supply and poor sanitation triggered water contamination and antibiotic resistance.

While Covid-19 has brought forth the need for better access to water for WASH practices to the forefront, how India plans to bring water at the doorstep through the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) continues to be a challenge. This is especially in the context of not only access but also quality of the available water. Studies show that improved water sources  continue to provide unsafe drinking water in low resource settings in India where water borne diseases continue to be rampant.

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NGOs involvement in implementation of the FRA provides an extremely valuable support system, study says.

The Forest Rights Act or FRA was enacted in 2006, following collective pressure from a massive social movement to correct the historical injustices imposed since the colonial takeover of India's forests. Community Forest Resource (CFR) Rights recognized under FRA transfers collective rights and responsibilities to forest dwelling communities for sustainable use of their customary forests.

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While water supply coverage has improved over the years in Maharashtra, why does safe and continuous water supply still remain a distant dream for the state?

Latur in Maharashtra has been facing acute drinking water scarcity over the last month and has been in news again, and that too, inspite of having piped water connections and a good monsoon this year!

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Regions

How much water do we consume directly and indirectly?

Climate change and water scarcity in India

The world is today facing an unprecedented water crisis, both in access and availability. Cape Town in South Africa reached ‘day zero’ water status in 2018. India, according to the NITI Aayog, is facing the worst water crisis in its history, with an estimated 600 million people having to deal with high to extreme water scarcity.

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The recent COVID -19 pandemic highlights the important role that access to clean water can play in dealing with such diseases in the future.

This month has been seeing a different kind of a scare world over, that of the deadly corona virus pandemic that has been spreading rapidly, infecting people and leading to a rising number of deaths in numerous countries. India too is in the line of fire with the total number of active COVID-2019 cases reaching 223 as on 20th March 2020.

The growing threat of the corona virus

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Technology and crowdsourced data need to play a greater role in disaster management in India.

With the rise in frequency and intensity of unexpected disasters, the need for effective communication technologies such as the use of social and mobile tools seems to be growing for responding to disaster situations in emergency, rescue and relief efforts. COVID-19 has been declared as ‘notified disaster’ by the central government recently in a move it called “a special one-time dispensation”, to contain the spread of the infectious virus. 

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