Research Papers

  • Droughts are becoming common in India India has a long history of droughts. There were 26 major droughts from 1870 to 2018, when the All India Summer Monsoon Rainfall (AISMR) was found to be lesser than the mean rainfall for the country. Even the most recent drought was disastrous for India, affect...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 week 5 days agoread more
  • Agriculture the largest consumer of groundwater in India Agriculture consumes the largest share of groundwater in India - the biggest user of groundwater in the world. The past few decades have witnessed an alarming depletion of groundwater resources in the country. While almost half of the agricul...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 weeks 2 days agoread more
  • The recent trade war between the United States and China was, among other things, about virtual water - the hidden water in products. Producing anything, whether it is soyabean or clothes, uses water, and has a water footprint. Even after production, shipping and trading also have a hidden water cos...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 4 weeks 20 hours agoread more
  • A new study finds that introducing coarse cereals such as millet and sorghum could improve India’s national food supply in many ways. The study by the Data Science Institute at Columbia University found that India’s agricultural policies have largely focused on the single objective of maxim...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 18 hours agoread more
  • Global warming has given rise to unprecedented extreme events such as cyclones, floods, heatwaves and droughts in India. Why are these threats increasing? Dr Aradhana Yaduvanshi, a hydro meteorologist at W-CReS (The WOTR Center for Resilience Studies) talks to India Water Portal about her study on ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 month 5 days agoread more
  • Droughts in India: types, causes and effects Droughts are greatly feared in India, impacting food production, the economy and the livelihoods of millions of farmers. 60% of India’s population is engaged in agriculture. So what is a drought? A drought can be defined as “An extended period—a...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • Wind energy is a renewable, inexhaustible, non-polluting and popular alternative source of clean energy. India stands fourth in the world in wind energy conversion and utilization, with an installed capacity of about 34,605 MW as of September 2018. Countries such as Uruguay, Germany and United Kin...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 1 week agoread more
  • Development and its impact on the environment has long been a contentious issue in India, where lack of adequate monitoring and control mechanisms have led to severe degradation of land, water and forest resources. Mining activities in Goa have not only poisoned its land and water, but also affected...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • A major area of concern currently for India is the proper disposal of wastewater in urban areas. The huge increase in supply of potable water to cater to the needs of modern urban households has correspondingly increased the quantum of wastewater. The implementation of the Swacch Bharat Mission has ...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • Punjab, riding high on pesticides Pesticide use continues to be very high in agriculture in India, where estimated annual production losses due to pests amount to approximately US$ 42.66 million per year. Pesticides are chemical compounds that kill pests such as insects, rodents, fungi an...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 1 month 2 weeks agoread more
  • Climate change and over-exploited river basins may leave developing countries in Asia, such as India and China, without enough water to cool power plants in the near future, according to a study. Thermal power plants (e.g. natural gas, nuclear, and coal) use water for cooling. Water scarci...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 1 month 3 weeks agoread more
  • Socially constructed notions of the different roles and responsibilities of men and women have a huge bearing on access to and control over resources, and subsequently on their vulnerabilities. More often than not, this leads to vulnerabilities that are skewed towards women, more than men. Gender ma...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 19 hours agoread more
  • A new research study by Climate Central, a US-based non-profit research group has projected that 300 million people could face annual coastal flooding triggered by climate change by 2050. Scott A Kulp and Benjamin H Strauss, the authors of the study suggest that the choices made today will like...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 5 days agoread more
  • Diarrhoea is one of the leading killers of children under the age of five in developing countries. Diarrhoea is rampant in India, with diarrhoeal diseases being the most prevalent of all waterborne diseases in the country. Diarrhoea leads to the third highest proportion of child deaths in South Asia...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 2 months 1 week agoread more
  • Pune continues to face a water crisis every summer despite having sufficient water, thanks to its geographical location and plentiful natural water assets. While enough of its water needs are taken care of by water supply from the Khadakwasla dam, the use of groundwater to meet the needs of the popu...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 2 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Ladakh, the arid Himalayan desert, is a high elevation borderland located close to the Union Territory (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir, in India. Water here originates from glaciers in the high altitude mountains that tower over Ladakh’s villages. Simple earthwork irrigation channels tap meltwater from ...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 2 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Loktak, the largest freshwater lake in North East India is also known as the ‘floating lake’ for the numerous phumdis or masses of vegetation it supports. The phumdis float around on the lake’s surface due to decay from the bottom. Some are so large that the indigenous fishing folk Meitei...
    Amita Bhaduriposted 2 months 3 weeks agoread more
  • Peri urban spaces swept up in the urbanisation tangle Urban growth and expansion of cities is increasing the demand for land and water, increasing pressure on resources available not only in urban, but also in peri-urban areas. State policies often use peri-urban spaces and resources to meet the ne...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • Bengaluru, September 24 (India Science Wire): The Indian coastline is home to an ancient and diverse coral reef system that provides natural habitat for diverse marine underwater ecosystem. Also, they hold importance in fisheries, tourism and as a repository of medicinal, agronomical and industrial ...
    priyadposted 3 months 2 weeks agoread more
  • While enhanced irrigation coverage has been hailed as an important way to improve agricultural productivity, it continues to lag behind in India and agriculture continues to be rainfed, subject to the vagaries of the monsoon. High groundwater dependence for irrigation has not only led to its depleti...
    aarti kelkar kh...posted 3 months 4 weeks agoread more

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A study finds that high levels of aerosols in the atmosphere further worsen the impacts of El Nino on the rainfall leading to increased frequency of droughts in India.

Droughts are becoming common in India

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A study from Gujarat finds that micro-irrigation combined with metered power led to a reduction in uncontrolled groundwater extraction by farmers.

Agriculture the largest consumer of groundwater in India

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A study highlights the need to scale down the export of rice, maize, buffalo meat and other items to conserve groundwater in India.

The recent trade war between the United States and China was, among other things, about virtual water - the hidden water in products. Producing anything, whether it is soyabean or clothes, uses water, and has a water footprint. Even after production, shipping and trading also have a hidden water cost.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

A study calls for solutions that can benefit farmers and the environment and positively impact India's nutrition indicators.

A new study finds that introducing coarse cereals such as millet and sorghum could improve India’s national food supply in many ways. The study by the Data Science Institute at Columbia University found that India’s agricultural policies have largely focused on the single objective of maximizing production, and not enough attention has been given to nutrition, climate, and environment.

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Sub-Categories

Regions

Dr. Aradhana Yaduvanshi, a hydro meteorologist at WOTR, talks to us about what current research on global warming shows, and possible adaptation and coping mechanisms.

Global warming has given rise to unprecedented extreme events such as cyclones, floods, heatwaves and droughts in India. Why are these threats increasing?

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

The 2015­-2018 drought, the longest, but less severe of droughts experienced by India raises alarm on the negative effects of future droughts on water security in the country.

Droughts in India: types, causes and effects

Droughts are greatly feared in India, impacting food production, the economy and the livelihoods of millions of farmers. 60% of India’s population is engaged in agriculture.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

A study highlights the barriers to harnessing India's potential for wind energy.

Wind energy is a renewable, inexhaustible, non-polluting and popular alternative source of clean energy. India stands fourth in the world in wind energy conversion and utilization, with an installed capacity of about 34,605 MW as of September 2018. Countries such as Uruguay, Germany and United Kingdom are meeting as much as 19.5%, 12% and 11% respectively of their electricity demand through wind power. China is a leading nation in wind power installed capacity and has grown rapidly, from 300 MW in 2000 to 188,232 MW in 2018.

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Regions

A study finds that weak environmental assessment reporting on the adverse impacts of mining has spelled doom for Goa’s environment.

Development and its impact on the environment has long been a contentious issue in India, where lack of adequate monitoring and control mechanisms have led to severe degradation of land, water and forest resources. Mining activities in Goa have not only poisoned its land and water, but also affected livelihoods by negatively impacting agriculture, fisheries and forests.

Topics

Sub-Categories

Regions

A report by NIUA brings to light the chinks in Jaipur's sewage system and suggests some solutions.

A major area of concern currently for India is the proper disposal of wastewater in urban areas. The huge increase in supply of potable water to cater to the needs of modern urban households has correspondingly increased the quantum of wastewater. The implementation of the Swacch Bharat Mission has also led to a substantial increase in the number of toilets and this has increased the faecal sludge and the wastewater load considerably.

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Excessive and unregulated pesticide use has not only poisoned the soil, water and environment in villages in Punjab’s Malwa region – it has also increased health risks for the people.

Punjab, riding high on pesticides

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