Meghalaya

The temperature in India’s biodiversity hotspot is on the rise which will have widespread implications in the future.

Sitting in the glass-and-concrete State Convention Centre in the capital of the hilly state of Meghalaya, participants of a media workshop on climate change are feeling sweaty. The convention centre is not air conditioned nor does it have ceiling fans. For the comfort of guests, some pedestal fans are plugged in. 

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6000 villages in Meghalaya depend on springs and spring-fed rivers for household water needs. Their drying up threatens water security and future growth. Now, there is some hope.

Meghalaya boasts one of the rainiest places on the planet at Cherrapunjee, receiving over 11,000 mm of annual rainfall. Yet, despite all the rain, water availability remains a problem for many rural and urban communities across the State. Natural springs that have provided drinking water for generations are in crisis. Declining flow and contamination of aquifers means less water for everyone just as demand for water is on the rise. Flow is decreasing due to ecological degradation and possibly a changing a climate.

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Meghalaya in general gets 12000+ mm of water through rainfall, nevertheless, scarcity of water is a common issue here. I've recently read many articles on water-less urinals which help in conserving the natural resource & keeps the environment clean at the same time too. Bio-blocks are another alternative to this.

I would like to get contatcs of organizations who manufacture "Odour Trap" for the urinals and the ones who manufacturer Bio-blocks. Ay information on the resource support available for this will also be useful.

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A roundup of the week's news ranging from mining in Meghalaya to using landfill to construct railway platforms

Udupi in Karnataka, sets standard for water management

Udupi in coastal Karnataka had an old and leaking water supply infrastructure, sourcing water from myriad open wells apart from borewells. Today it leads the way by pumping river water to reservoirs which, in turn, feeds overhead tanks by gravity, thereby providing over 60 per cent of the town’s households daily water supply, reducing leakages and improving collections.

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This article by Md. Khalequzzaman deals with Bangladesh's position on the Tipaimukh dam.

The Indian government and two other Indian authorities have signed an agreement on October 22, 2011 regarding construction of the Tipaimukh Dam. Since the announcement was published in the news media, there has been a lot of discussion and debate about the potential impacts of the proposed Tipaimukh dam on the economy and environment of Bangladesh in general, and on the haor (wetlands that are breeding ground for fish and are cultivated for rice crops) region in particular.

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A special forest bench headed by the Chief Justice S H Kapadia of the Supreme Court has on July 6, 2011 allowed French cement giant Lafarge to mine 116-hectare limestone in the forests in the East Khasi hills in Meghalaya

lafarge

Photo Courtesy: NewsofAP.com

. The apex court also upheld the revised environmental clearances given to Lafarge by the Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF) and invoking the principles of sustainable development, inter-generational equity and the doctrine of proportionality the Bench stated “The word “development” is a relative term.  One cannot assume that the tribals are not aware of principles of conservation of forest. In the present case, we are satisfied that limestone mining has been going on for centuries in the area and that it is an activity which is intertwined with the culture and the unique land holding and tenure system of the Nongtrai village. On the facts of this case, we are satisfied with the diligence exercise undertaken by MoEF in the matter of forest diversion.”

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This paper in Current Science deals with the weather variability and rainfall pattern of Sidr, the post-monsoon cyclonic storm of 15 November 2007 in the Meghalaya Plateau.

Atmospheric depressions sometimes initiate tropical cyclones in the pre- and post-monsoon season in the Bay of Bengal, which move to land and create havoc. Their intensity and pattern vary individually.

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