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Monsoon covers entire nation, raises hopes of recovery

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India will be the hotspot of water crisis by 2025: UN

The very large storage of ice in the Himalaya, only less than those in the two poles of the Earth, has given the Himalayan region another name - The Third Pole of the Earth . The snow and ice melt flows in the rivers and improves their perennial character. These perennial Himalayan rivers, namely Brahmaputra, Ganges and Indus are the main sources of water in South Asia. The rivers are trans-boundary and water related disputes exist not only at the inter-country level, but also between provinces within the countries, as also between farmers owning adjoining pieces of agricultural land.

Policy Matters this week: Bihar government makes toilet compulsory for contesting polls, Ganga Jal pitchers to collect religious waste and Rs 1,444 crore for rural water supply in Maharashtra.

Don't have toilet, can't contest polls

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HICAP

Organiser details

The Himalayan Climate Change Adaptation Programme (HICAP)

About the grant programme

June 25, 2013 12:00AM

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May 20, 2013 12:00AM

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The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is introduced by US government as flexibility mechanisms under Kyoto Protocol and allows developed countries to meet their emission reduction commitments by promoting clean development in developing countries. As a policy mandate, it aims to design project-based mechanisms to reduce emissions. These reductions are produced and then subtracted against a hypothetical baseline of emissions which are predicted to occur in the absence of a particular CDM project. India as a signatory of this protocol have been registered 2313 projects up to August 2010, out of these, 64 projects are of hydro power generation and Chanju power project of 36 MW is one of the CDM project in India. Dr Mohinder Kumar Slariya in this article showcases the primary data research based view point, which he presented in the "International Scientific Conference" at Hohenheim University, Germany.

The present paper is an attempt of the researcher to make a comparative analysis between the expected benefits received by the executing agency under CDM and the actual benefits people are expected to receive from Chanju-I Hydro Electric Project.

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The Indus basin is one of the regions in the world that is faced with major challenges for its water sector, due to population growth, rapid urbanisation and industrialisation, environmental degradation, unregulated utilization of the resources, inefficient water use and poverty, all aggravated by climate change. The Indus Basin is shared by 4 countries – Pakistan, India, Afghanistan and China. With a current population of 237 million people which is projected to increase to 319 million in 2025 and 383 million in 2050, already today water resources are abstracted almost entirely (more than 95% for irrigation). Climate change will result in increased water availability in the short term.

Article Courtesy : Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS)

Authors : A.N. Laghari, D.Vanham, and W.Rauch

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This lecture by Ramaswamy Iyer delivered at the Madras Institute of Development Studies (MIDS) highlights the conflicts over water sharing in India and Pakistan.

It traces the roots of the conflicts to the strained relations between India and Pakistan following the partition and the framing of the Indus Water Treaty in 1960. The paper highlights the acute sense of anxiety over water in Pakistan, the reasons for blaming of India by Pakistan in this context, what India can do about it and the sense of insecurity and vulnerability that Pakistan has harboured since then, which the paper argues, exists even today.

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