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Water Policy in India - A brief overview: A paper by Centre for Public Policy (IIM Bangalore)
This paper by the Centre for Public Policy (CPP) of the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Bangalore adds to the debate on water policy in India, and provides a general overview of the main characteristics of irrigation development post-Independence and a review of its beneficial and adverse impacts. The problems that need to be addressed and measures needed to resolve them are highlighted. It recognizes the vital role of expansion of irrigation in transforming agriculture from one of near stagnation in the pre-independence period to one of sustained growth during the past five decades.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Estimation of replenishable groundwater resources of India and their status of utilization - A research paper by CGWB
The paper describes the methodology used in the groundwater resource estimation and the results of the latest country-wide assessment. In India, dynamic groundwater resources are estimated jointly by the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) and State governments at periodic intervals. The latest estimates of dynamic resources are based on groundwater resource estimation methodology-1997 (commonly known as GEC-1997). These estimations are widely used in formulating various groundwater development and management plans. The paper also discusses future strategies on groundwater resource estimations.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Pricing options for ECOSAN toilet - A toolkit by UNICEF-SEI
This toolkit presents various pricing options with photos of an Ecosan (Ecological Sanitation) toilet, also known as a compost pit latrine, from the work of UNICEF and Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) in Tamil Nadu. Mainstreaming ecosan into the ongoing Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) is a major challenge in India and the unit cost of Ecosan toilet is often quoted as a major impediment. In this context, UNICEF and SEI supported a program in Tamil Nadu in 2008, towards experimenting with different Ecosan toilet super-structure options to work out the comparative cost as well as the details of operation and maintenance.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Local catchment management in cities - A guidebook by UN-HABITAT
This guidebook by UN-HABITAT, provides an overview of the principles and practices required for sustainable urban water catchment management. It deals with the principles and practices for better management of water resources which, in turn, will lead to general improvement in the health of the local population, food security, environmental protection and sustainable development. It states that it is necessary to develop enduring partnerships among the participating institutions and organizations in the catchment area. Along side, policies, laws and regulations should be geared to provide an enabling framework as needed for formulation and implementation of action plans at the local level. The guidebook also comprises case studies from Australia, India, Latin America and South Africa to showcase the prospects of local action for water resources management.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Burden of Inheritance: Can we stop manual scavenging? – A report by WaterAid India
This report by WaterAid outlines how over one million people in the country continue to scrape an existence through manual scavenging, forced largely by social convention and caste prejudice, and calls for strong action to eradicate this practice. A violation of human rights, this discriminatory and demeaning practice was outlawed by the Indian Parliament in 1993 but still continues today. India has missed three deadlines to make the country 'manual-scavenger free'. India's booming cities help keep the practice alive, as there is often little infrastructure for sanitary sewerage and waste disposal systems. The report tries to seek answers to why this practice continues despite: Availability of other dignified livelihood sources, for the people in this occupation? Other cleaner options for survival existing in cities and towns? Feasible and viable technological alternatives being available to dry toilets, one of the drivers of this occupation?
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Sustainable groundwater development through integrated watershed management for food security - A research report by ICRISAT
This paper by ICRISAT discusses the results from on-farm community watersheds through groundwater management as the drivers for sustainable management of watersheds in dry land areas. The issues of sustainable development and management of the groundwater resource through integrated watershed management (IWM) approach are also dealt with, in the context of food production and security.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Manual on drought management by the National Institute Disaster Management and the Ministry of Agriculture (2009)
This manual developed by the National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) presents a comprehensive approach to drought management and recommends measures that can be implemented for effective drought relief and mitigation. It brings together conceptual issues, institutional framework & operational details, and replaces the colonial famine codes written largely for dealing with hunger and starvation. It has been prepared with the objective of creating synergy between the various programmes being implemented to provide drought relief and mitigation by several levels of government. The key issues covered in the manual are:
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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State-level utilization of funds and assets created through Ganga Action Plan - Report by Planning Commission for the Supreme Court (2009)
The report was prepared by the Water Resources Division, Planning Commission in response to a Supreme Court directive to verify whether the funds allocated to Ganga Action Plan (GAP) had been duly utilized by the States. The report is based on data obtained from Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) and field visits made to plant sites in Uttarakhand, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Solar water heaters in India: Market assessment studies and surveys for different sectors and demand segments by Greentech Knowledge Solutions
The report endeavors to study the Solar Water Heater (SWH) market in India and project a realizable demand till 2022. It looks at the industry structure, supply conditions and value proposition. It relies heavily on interactions with a wide range of stakeholders, such as SWH users, potential SWH users, state level renewable energy development agencies, architects and builders, banks, municipal corporations, electricity distribution companies and pollution control boards. 
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Making NREGA work better: A brief note by Public Interest Foundation
This note by the Public Interest Foundation (PIF) presents a proposal for making National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) work better. It offers an alternative to the existing rigid framework for implementation and complex procedures leading to bureaucratization of the implementation process thereby causing uncalled-for delays. The note is a follow-up of its collaborative study with National Council for Applied Economic Research (NCAER) on “Evaluating Performance of NREGA” as well as the Comptroller and Auditor General's (CAG) performance report on implementation of NREGA. 
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Implementation of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme in West Bengal: A field report by the Right to Food Campaign
This report from the Right to Food Campaign traces the implementation of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) in West Bengal and points to the failure of the State in guaranteeing basic entitlements. It asserts that West Bengal is way behind other States, in implementation of this scheme, as per the data on NREGS website.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Water Footprint Manual: State of the art - A method of water footprint assessment by the Water Footprint Network (November 2009)
he Water Footprint Manual, 2009 by the Water Footprint Network is a comprehensive and up-to-date outline of the method of water footprint assessment. It introduces  how water footprints can be calculated for individual processes and products, as well as for consumers, nations and businesses.  The concept is introduced as a comprehensive indicator of freshwater resources appropriation, as against the traditional and restricted measure of water withdrawal.  The hidden water use behind products are measured over the full supply chain and water consumption volumes are measured by source and polluted volumes by type of  pollution. All components of a total water footprint are specified geographically and temporally. Blue water (surface and groundwater), green water (rainwater stored  in the soil as soil moisture) and grey water (polluted water) footprints are defined and are included along with the indirect water use in measuring the overall water  footprints. The core of the manual deals with the four distinct phases in water footprint assessment: (1) setting goals and scope; (2) water footprint accounting; (3) water  footprint sustainability assessment; (4) formulation of response. The goals and scope would vary for national governments, river basin authority, company etc. Water  footprint accounts give spatiotemporally explicit information on how water is appropriated for various human purposes. The manual articulates the need for clarity  about the inventory boundaries, about where to truncate the analysis, at what level of spatiotemporal explication and for which period of data when setting up a water  footprint account. It in addition deals with difficult questions like whether to include the water footprint of labour, transport or energy applied in a production  system in the assessment of the water footprint of the final product.  The manual then goes on to state the inventory boundaries of water footprint sustainability assessment. The sustainability of a water footprint is viewed upon from  different perspectives: the environmental, social and economic perspective. Besides, sustainability is measured at different levels: local (e.g. violation of local  environmental flow requirements), catchment or river basin level (e.g. contribution to the violation of environmental flow requirements downstream). In addition, the  water footprint of a product has implications beyond the level of a particular river basin. In the section on water footprint accounting the coherence between various  sorts of water footprint accounts is looked at. The manual presents complex equations explicating the water footprints due to processes and products and has sections  dealing with calculation of (a) green, blue and grey water footprint of growing a crop or tree (b) green and blue evapotranspiration using the CWR (Crop Water  Requirements) option in the FAO’s CROPWAT model (c) green and blue evapotranspiration using the ‘irrigation schedule option’ in the CROPWAT model. The manual also  presents the data sources for the calculating these. The Water Footprint Manual (2009) by the Water Footprint Network (WFN) is a comprehensive and up-to-date outline of the method of water footprint assessment. It introduces how water footprints can be calculated for individual processes and products, as well as for consumers, nations and businesses. The concept is introduced as a comprehensive indicator of freshwater resources appropriation, as against the traditional and restricted measure of water withdrawal. The hidden water use behind products are measured over the full supply chain and water consumption volumes are measured by source and polluted volumes by type of pollution. All components of a total water footprint are specified geographically and temporally. Blue water (surface and groundwater), green water (rainwater stored in the soil as soil moisture) and grey water (polluted water) footprints are defined and are included along with the indirect water use in measuring the overall water footprints.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Joint Convergence Guidelines of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act and Integrated Watershed Management Programme, issued by the Ministry of Rural Development (April 2009)
The Joint Convergence Guidelines issued by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) in April 2009, attempts to bring about inter-sectoral convergence in the various watershed management programmes being implemented by the different departments under the MoRD. In particular, it deals with the convergence between the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) being implemented by the Department of Rural Development (DoRD) and the Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) being implemented by the Department of Land Resources (DoLR).
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Promoting sustainable groundwater development-Experiences
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob, Resource Person and Sunetra Lala, Research Associate Issue Date: 30 December 2008 Query:
Amita Bhaduri  posted 11 years 4 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Promotion of aqua-agriculture in Bihar – Experiences
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Gopi Ghosh and Nitya Jacob, Resource Persons, Raj Ganguly, Consultant and T. N. Anuradha and Sunetra Lala, Research Associates Issue Date: 29 December 2008 Query:
Amita Bhaduri  posted 11 years 5 months ago
Questions

Solution exchange query: Water service delivery by panchayats – Experiences
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Joy Elamon and Nitya Jacob, Resource Persons and Tina Mathur and Sunetra Lala, Research Associates Issue Date: 05 December 2008
Amita Bhaduri  posted 11 years 5 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Leach pit toilets for rocky terrain - Experiences; Examples
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob, Resource Person and Sunetra Lala, Research Associate Issue Date: 28 November 2008 Query:  From Poulomy Chakraborty, Feedback Ventures (P) Ltd, New Delhi
Amita Bhaduri  posted 11 years 6 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Developing an Indian Water Footprint - Discussion
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob, and Gopi Ghosh Resource Persons, Raj Ganguly, Consultant and Sunetra Lala and T. N. Anuradha Research Associates Issue Date: 11 November 2008 Query: 
Amita Bhaduri  posted 11 years 6 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Water purification technologies for flood affected Bihar- Experiences; Referrals
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by G. Padmanabhan and Nitya Jacob, Resource Persons and Nupur Arora and Ramya Gopalan, Research Associates with additional support from Sarah Figge, Editor Issue Date: 9 September 2008
Amita Bhaduri  posted 11 years 6 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Developing the SACOSAN III declaration - Advice
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob, Resource Person and Sunetra Lala, Research Associate Issue Date: 6 November 2008 Query:  From Lizette Burgers, UNICEF, New Delhi
Amita Bhaduri  posted 11 years 6 months ago

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