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Construction and Maintenance of Minors: A manual by Uttar Pradesh Water Sector Restructuring Project
This manual by the Uttar Pradesh Water Sector Restructuring Project - UP Department of Irrigation, written for Water User's Associations (WUAs), provides guidelines for restoring under-performing minors (irrigation channels which carries water to the fields) in the state, to their original design characteristics before the maintenance and management of minors is transferred to the WUAs. This is a prerequisite for making the use of irrigation water economical and efficient, and for introduction of volumetric system of water flow.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 9 years 10 months ago
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Women and Water: A report by the National Commission for Women
This report by the National Commission for Women looks at social conflict and tension that arise due to water crises and analyses the impact of these on women. The stress on water resources is a result of rapidly rising population and changing lifestyles, which have increased the need for fresh water. Intense competition among water users from agriculture, industry and domestic sector is pushing the ground water table deeper. Women bear the burden of fetching drinking water in rural areas and if opportunity costs are taken into account, it would translate to about 150 million women days each year. This amounts to a loss of a whopping 10 billion rupees per year to the national exchequer.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 9 years 10 months ago
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Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme: CAG performance audit report (2008)
The performance audit report of the Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP) for the period April 2002 to March 2007, conducted by the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG), reveals numerous deficiencies in execution and implementation of works such as cases of time and cost-overrun, non-completion & delayed completion of works, non-functional & defunct works, delayed completion & non-completion of water quality mission projects, incorrect prioritization of works, wasteful and unfruitful expenditure, and expenditure on unapproved items.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 9 years 11 months ago
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Providing a plan to save civilization - Books from the Earth Policy Institute
Earth Policy Institute, is a non-profit environmental research organization dedicated to providing a vision of an eco-economy and a roadmap on how to get there. The Institute was founded in 2001 with the following goals:  to provide a global plan (Plan B) for moving the world onto an environmentally and economically sustainable path to provide examples demonstrating how the plan would work, and to keep the media, policymakers, academics, environmentalists, and other decision-makers focused on the process of building a Plan B economy. The basic research of the Institute has been published in the form of seven books:
Amita Bhaduri  posted 9 years 11 months ago
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Arsenic contamination of groundwater in Bihar and mitigation strategies - A research study
This presentation deals with the problem of arsenic contaminated aquifers in the Gangetic belt of Bihar and the failure of the state government in tackling the crisis and calls for the establishment of a centralized knowledge & research hub with an understanding of the regional peculiarities to mitigate the crisis. It traces the origin of arsenic crisis to the switch from use of surface water to groundwater. The health impacts of arsenic poisoning and the factors that aggravate arsenicosis are explained. A total of sixteen districts (fifty-seven blocks) in Bihar are affected by high levels of arsenic in groundwater, in trivalent form, which is a more toxic form of arsenic.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 3 weeks ago
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Formulating action plan for removal of arsenic contamination in West Bengal - Planning Commission Task Force report
The report of the Task Force appointed by the Planning Commission presents an action plan for removal of arsenic contamination in West Bengal. It looks at the extent of the problem, its intake sources, technologies available and the operation and maintenance (O&M) issues. It outlines the diverse technologies based on various scientific principles, assesses them based on their scale of operation (domestic or community) on techno-economic considerations & infrastructure required and provides suggestions. Short, medium and long term measures are outlined for tackling the problem of arsenic contamination in drinking water supply in the state.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 3 weeks ago
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On variability of hydrological wet season, seasonal rainfall and rainwater potential of river basins in India (using rainfall data over 1813-2006) - An IITM technical paper
The paper discuses climatological and fluctuation features of important parameters of the Hydrological Wet Season (HWS), viz. starting and ending dates, duration, seasonal rainfall/rainwater and surplus rainfall/rainwater potential individually for the eleven major and thirty six minor river basins, the West Coast Drainage System (WCDS) and the rest of the country. It is based on reliable monthly rainfall data from a well spread network of three hundred and sixteen rain gauge stations from 1813 upto 2006. The paper observes that the average period of the HWS is in close conformity with the southwest Monsoonal Rainy Season (MRS) over the basins in the Core Monsoon Rainfall Regime (CMRR). In the Mixed Monsoon Rainfall Regime (MMRR) covering south peninsula, northeast and extreme north, the HWS is of longer duration compared to the MRS due to extra-monsoonal rainfall over there. The mean starting date of the HWS is May 30, ending October 11 and the duration is 135 days for the entire country.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 4 weeks ago
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Piped water supply to Greater Bangalore: Putting the cart before the horse – An EPW special article
The paper critically evaluates the Greater Bangalore Water and Sanitation Project (GWSAP), implemented by the Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board (BWSSB). This project aims to extend piped water supply from the Cauvery to over two million residents in peri-urban Bangalore. This ambitious project has been viewed against the backdrop of the broader trends and debates around market-based reforms in the water sector in Karnataka.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 4 weeks ago
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Developing markets for watershed services and improved livelihoods: Fair deals for watershed services in India - An IIED research paper
The report presents field experiences and lessons in developing Incentive-based Mechanisms (IBMs) for watershed protection services and improved livelihoods at micro and macro-scales, derived from an action-learning project in India at three locations in the states of Himachal Pradesh (HP) and Madhya Pradesh (MP). An inter-village transaction was facilitated at one site (the Kuhan micro-catchment in HP), while at the second site (Suan micro-catchment in HP) a transaction failed to materialize despite initial interest. At the third site in MP, there was interest in undertaking a transaction between the city of Bhopal and the catchment of its lake, the Bhoj Wetlands.  The action research has yielded insights into the role of hydrological information, types of incentive mechanisms, the importance of institutions and the implementation of IBMs.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
Articles

Water governance in the Narmada basin - A review paper from the Water Governance Project
The paper reviews contentious issues related to water governance in the Narmada river basin like the riparian rights of States over apportionment of the use of the waters for large dam-centered canal irrigation and hydro-electric power development and the later disputes around the appropriateness of this model of development given the tremendous environmental and social costs associated with it.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Neither water nor governance: Water governance in the Man river basin - A study report from the Water Governance Project
The report looks at water governance in the Man basin, a medium sized sub-basin of the Narmada river basin in tribal dominated western Madhya Pradesh. It deals with problematic issues of water governance in the basin and generates insights and guidelines that are important for both grassroots and policy level interventions in future. It attempts to present a methodology to study the relationship between water availability and water use to see if it is sustainable and suggest measures for improvement. It also presents an analysis of the use of agricultural water and energy in the basin. It begins by discussing the relevance of the new concept of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) for water governance in river basins. It then sets out the reasons for the choice of the basin, its characteristics, the problems encountered with computation of water balance, the revised methodology for estimation of water use developed to suit the present study and the results of applying this methodology. It then presents a political economy analysis of the prevailing water use in the basin.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Robust watershed modeling options for participative governance - A Water Governance Project review paper
This technical review paper puts forward robust watershed modeling options as an instrument of participative governance in the water sector, where there is common agreement among stakeholders on assessment of resource and on the manner in which it is to be utilized. Reasonably validated estimates are developed based on existing data and different scenarios are explored. The models offer a scope of assessing the potential changes in watershed hydrology and water availability due to watershed development projects, and can be used as a basis for planning and monitoring.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
Articles

Water conservation by Industry – A case study of Paharpur Business Center - Software Technology Incubator Park, New Delhi
This presentation deals with the projects implemented by Paharpur Business Centre and Software Technology Incubator Park (PBC-STIP), New Delhi towards reduction in potable water consumption through its projects on water closet replacement, waterless urinal and sensor tap. The other potable water savings projects of PBC-STIP include dish washer (GE make), soap free water for gardening, use of native plant species, drip irrigation, hydroponics culture for growing plants and use of conductivity meter. Its initiative in water conservation runs across all verticals and it engages with the supply chain to sensitize them on water issues.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
Articles

Water conservation by Industry – A case study of Mahindra and Mahindra, Zaheerabad
The presentation deals with Mahindra and Mahindra’s (M&M) work on optimal utilization of groundwater resources in its vehicle manufacturing plant at Zaheerabad, Andhra Pradesh. M&M had taken help from ICRISAT and Groundwater Department of GoAP to study the hydro-geology and topography of the estate and prepare ground water maps. A time bound master plan of water augmentation was worked out to undertake activities like rainwater harvesting pits, new locations for borewells/ openwells/ percolation tanks, planting of less water intensive trees, re-usage and re-cycling of wastewater, rainwater channels to recharge the under ground water reservoirs and installation of drip irrigation.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Water conservation by Industry – A case study of PepsiCo, Roha
This presentation describes the vision and strategy of PepsiCo, Roha, Maharashtra and its initiatives in the area of water conservation. The plant with three filling lines (bottling and canning) has tried to achieve positive water balance through water savings at plant level, water initiatives at community level and by promoting water conservation measures in agriculture.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Water conservation by Industry – A case study of ITC, Saharanpur
This presentation describes the work of ITC Saharanpur, a cigarette manufacturing company in the field of water conservation. Its water saving projects are centered around re-use of treated water for reducing water consumption, Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) based effluent network system in residential areas, rainwater harvesting, installation of Cold Plasma Unit in place of wet scrubbers and installation of a jet spray system.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
Articles

Water conservation by Industry – A case study of Indo Rama Synthetics Ltd, Nagpur
This presentation describes the effort of Indo Rama, Butibori in carrying out production of polyester yarns, fiber and chips in an environmentally conscious manner and its work in conserving and harvesting water in its industrial processes and premises. In particular, it discusses the clean technologies used in production such as – Reduction in steam consumption at PSF Plant and in CP (through use of Zimmer technology-based glycol ejector) Reduction of drift losses in cooling towers by replacement of eliminators Conversion of condensate to flash steam and its reuse in boilers
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
Articles

"Issues of Water Governance in the Man Basin - Rahul Banerjee" : Water MOVES, Feb 2010
Highlights of the February 2010 issue of "Water MOVES", a quarterly newsletter on Water Governance from the Water Governance Project at Society For Promotion of Wastelands Development (SPWD):
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Impact of electricity prices and volumetric water allocation on energy and groundwater demand management
This paper introduces a theoretical model to examine farmers’ response to changes in power tariff and water allocation regimes vis-a-vis energy and groundwater use. The author begins by explaining the context as one where the existing direct & indirect regulations and direct management interventions have been ineffective in arresting groundwater depletion. Also, there is an absolute paucity of sufficient empirical data to compare and analyze the differential impacts of different levels of pricing of electricity, and groundwater rights allocations on water and energy productivity. The paper presents a review of farm sector pricing theories and thereafter analyses the potential impact of different modes of electricity pricing on productivity of groundwater use.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago
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Rejuvenation of community toilets - A policy paper by UN-HABITAT and Government of Madhya Pradesh
The policy paper examines the condition of community toilet in terms of its infrastructure, operation & maintenance, uses and payment of user charges. The paper is a result of a joint collaboration between Water for Asian Cities (WAC) Programme of UN-HABITAT and the Directorate of Urban Administration & Development, Government of Madhya Pradesh. In Madhya Pradesh, WAC is supporting Asian Development Bank-financed project in cities of Bhopal, Gwalior, Indore and Jabalpur to improve and expand urban water and sanitation services. This study has been taken up to monitor implementation of the water and sanitation related targets.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 1 month ago

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