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Making NREGA work better: A brief note by Public Interest Foundation
This note by the Public Interest Foundation (PIF) presents a proposal for making National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) work better. It offers an alternative to the existing rigid framework for implementation and complex procedures leading to bureaucratization of the implementation process thereby causing uncalled-for delays. The note is a follow-up of its collaborative study with National Council for Applied Economic Research (NCAER) on “Evaluating Performance of NREGA” as well as the Comptroller and Auditor General's (CAG) performance report on implementation of NREGA. 
Amita Bhaduri  posted 9 years 4 months ago
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Implementation of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme in West Bengal: A field report by the Right to Food Campaign
This report from the Right to Food Campaign traces the implementation of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) in West Bengal and points to the failure of the State in guaranteeing basic entitlements. It asserts that West Bengal is way behind other States, in implementation of this scheme, as per the data on NREGS website.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 9 years 4 months ago
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Water Footprint Manual: State of the art - A method of water footprint assessment by the Water Footprint Network (November 2009)
he Water Footprint Manual, 2009 by the Water Footprint Network is a comprehensive and up-to-date outline of the method of water footprint assessment. It introduces  how water footprints can be calculated for individual processes and products, as well as for consumers, nations and businesses.  The concept is introduced as a comprehensive indicator of freshwater resources appropriation, as against the traditional and restricted measure of water withdrawal.  The hidden water use behind products are measured over the full supply chain and water consumption volumes are measured by source and polluted volumes by type of  pollution. All components of a total water footprint are specified geographically and temporally. Blue water (surface and groundwater), green water (rainwater stored  in the soil as soil moisture) and grey water (polluted water) footprints are defined and are included along with the indirect water use in measuring the overall water  footprints. The core of the manual deals with the four distinct phases in water footprint assessment: (1) setting goals and scope; (2) water footprint accounting; (3) water  footprint sustainability assessment; (4) formulation of response. The goals and scope would vary for national governments, river basin authority, company etc. Water  footprint accounts give spatiotemporally explicit information on how water is appropriated for various human purposes. The manual articulates the need for clarity  about the inventory boundaries, about where to truncate the analysis, at what level of spatiotemporal explication and for which period of data when setting up a water  footprint account. It in addition deals with difficult questions like whether to include the water footprint of labour, transport or energy applied in a production  system in the assessment of the water footprint of the final product.  The manual then goes on to state the inventory boundaries of water footprint sustainability assessment. The sustainability of a water footprint is viewed upon from  different perspectives: the environmental, social and economic perspective. Besides, sustainability is measured at different levels: local (e.g. violation of local  environmental flow requirements), catchment or river basin level (e.g. contribution to the violation of environmental flow requirements downstream). In addition, the  water footprint of a product has implications beyond the level of a particular river basin. In the section on water footprint accounting the coherence between various  sorts of water footprint accounts is looked at. The manual presents complex equations explicating the water footprints due to processes and products and has sections  dealing with calculation of (a) green, blue and grey water footprint of growing a crop or tree (b) green and blue evapotranspiration using the CWR (Crop Water  Requirements) option in the FAO’s CROPWAT model (c) green and blue evapotranspiration using the ‘irrigation schedule option’ in the CROPWAT model. The manual also  presents the data sources for the calculating these. The Water Footprint Manual (2009) by the Water Footprint Network (WFN) is a comprehensive and up-to-date outline of the method of water footprint assessment. It introduces how water footprints can be calculated for individual processes and products, as well as for consumers, nations and businesses. The concept is introduced as a comprehensive indicator of freshwater resources appropriation, as against the traditional and restricted measure of water withdrawal. The hidden water use behind products are measured over the full supply chain and water consumption volumes are measured by source and polluted volumes by type of pollution. All components of a total water footprint are specified geographically and temporally. Blue water (surface and groundwater), green water (rainwater stored in the soil as soil moisture) and grey water (polluted water) footprints are defined and are included along with the indirect water use in measuring the overall water footprints.
Amita Bhaduri  posted 9 years 4 months ago
Articles

Joint Convergence Guidelines of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act and Integrated Watershed Management Programme, issued by the Ministry of Rural Development (April 2009)
The Joint Convergence Guidelines issued by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) in April 2009, attempts to bring about inter-sectoral convergence in the various watershed management programmes being implemented by the different departments under the MoRD. In particular, it deals with the convergence between the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) being implemented by the Department of Rural Development (DoRD) and the Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) being implemented by the Department of Land Resources (DoLR).
Amita Bhaduri  posted 9 years 4 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Promoting sustainable groundwater development-Experiences
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob, Resource Person and Sunetra Lala, Research Associate Issue Date: 30 December 2008 Query:
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 7 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Promotion of aqua-agriculture in Bihar – Experiences
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Gopi Ghosh and Nitya Jacob, Resource Persons, Raj Ganguly, Consultant and T. N. Anuradha and Sunetra Lala, Research Associates Issue Date: 29 December 2008 Query:
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 7 months ago
Questions

Solution exchange query: Water service delivery by panchayats – Experiences
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Joy Elamon and Nitya Jacob, Resource Persons and Tina Mathur and Sunetra Lala, Research Associates Issue Date: 05 December 2008
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 8 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Leach pit toilets for rocky terrain - Experiences; Examples
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob, Resource Person and Sunetra Lala, Research Associate Issue Date: 28 November 2008 Query:  From Poulomy Chakraborty, Feedback Ventures (P) Ltd, New Delhi
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 8 months ago
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Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Developing an Indian Water Footprint - Discussion
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob, and Gopi Ghosh Resource Persons, Raj Ganguly, Consultant and Sunetra Lala and T. N. Anuradha Research Associates Issue Date: 11 November 2008 Query: 
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 9 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Water purification technologies for flood affected Bihar- Experiences; Referrals
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by G. Padmanabhan and Nitya Jacob, Resource Persons and Nupur Arora and Ramya Gopalan, Research Associates with additional support from Sarah Figge, Editor Issue Date: 9 September 2008
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 9 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Developing the SACOSAN III declaration - Advice
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob, Resource Person and Sunetra Lala, Research Associate Issue Date: 6 November 2008 Query:  From Lizette Burgers, UNICEF, New Delhi
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 9 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: New trends in environment education - Experiences; Examples
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob, Resource Person and Sudakshina Mallick, and Sunetra Lala, Research Associates Issue Date: 31 October 2008 Query: 
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 9 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Funding sources for water and sanitation projects. Experiences; Referrals
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob, Resource Person and Sunetra Lala, Research Associate Issue Date: 24 October 2008 Query:
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 10 months ago
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Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Participatory well recharge programme - Mazhapolima experiences
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob, Resource Person and Ramya Gopalan and Sunetra Lala, Research Associates Issue Date: 21 October 2008 Query:
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 10 months ago
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Solution Exchange query - Technical Inputs for School WASH Programme - Experiences; Referrals
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob, Resource Person and Ramya Gopalan and Sudakshina Mallick, Research Associates Issue Date: 30 September 2008 Query 
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 10 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Flood induced water conflicts - Experiences
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob and G. Padmanabhan, Resource Person and Nupur Arora, Research Associate Issue Date: 30 September 2008 Query:  
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 10 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Resource lists and ideas for India Water Portal-Referrals; Advice
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob, Resource Person and Ramya Gopalan, Research Associate Issue Date: 17 September 2008 Query: 
Amita Bhaduri  posted 10 years 11 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Methods for integrating, planning, implementation and monitoring at district level -Examples; Experiences
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Tina Mathur, Research Associate; Nitya Jacob and Ranu Bhogal, Resource Persons and Ramya Gopalan and Warisha Yunus, Research Associates Issue Date: 08 July 2008 Query:
Amita Bhaduri  posted 11 years 1 month ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Developing learning material on WaSH for school children - Experiences; Examples
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob, Resource Person and Ramya Gopalan and Sudakshina Malik, Research Associates Issue Date: 19 June 2008 Query:  From Sarita Thakore Centre for Environment Education (CEE), Ahmedabad
Amita Bhaduri  posted 11 years 2 months ago
Questions

Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply: Decentralized models for providing safe drinking water in rural areas – Experiences
A consolidated reply of experiences and examples shared by various members of the Solution Exchange Water Community Compiled by Nitya Jacob, Resource Person and Ramya Gopalan, Research Associate Issue Date: 16 June 2008 Query:
Amita Bhaduri  posted 11 years 2 months ago

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