Carewater INREM Foundation

Understanding groundwater hydrology.

This report by CAREWATER has been prepared as part of a component on Groundwater Governance in Asia: Theory and Practice under the CGIAR Challenge Programme on Water and Food. The purpose of this collection is to guide a beginner to groundwater hydrology through the basic concepts in this subject. The problems begin with fundamentals of the subject and are followed by those which test the comprehensiveness of understanding. Most problems are illustrated and a real-world situation is related with the problem.

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Reverse Osmosis plants, cottage industry, providing fluoride free water in North Gujrat since 1970s.

The study by Carewater INREM Foundation explores the rise of Reverse Osmosis (RO) plants since 1970s as a cottage industry for providing fluoride free water supply in North Gujarat.

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The study attempts to create a salinity ingress profile by means of geo-chemical analysis for the Junagadh coastal area for the pre-monsoon period of 2006

carewaterSalinity in coastal groundwater is a widespread problem and may be caused by individual or combined effects of inherent salinity, tidal effect, irrigation by saltwater and by seawater intrusion due to extensive pumping.

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The study by Carewater INREM Foundation attempts to understand the factors, which have caused explosive growth in culture fishery production in Gujarat

carewaterThe Carewater INREM Foundation study tries to understand and analyze the institutional arrangement for leasing of water bodies for culture fishery and changes that have occurred over the past 50 years in Gujarat.

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The discussion paper deals with groundwater contamination and rural water treatment in Gujarat, as quality problem of this important drinking water source has led to high social costs

carewaterThe state is characterized by varied hydrogeology and vast areas are faced with typical groundwater quality problems like fluoride. Much of the coastal groundwater is saline while the alluvial tract is marked with inland salinity.

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This multi-location study on inland fisheries in village tanks and ponds attempts to map the changing institutional structure of the aquaculture sector in India

carewaterThis multi-location study by Carewater INREM Foundation on inland fisheries in village tanks and ponds attemp

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Cost of Fluorosis in Gujarat: the economic and social costs
The report by Carewater INREM Foundation on fluorosis in Gujarat attempts to understand the various impacts of fluorosis on the afflicted in terms of costs incurred on treatment, loss of productivity & output and willingness to pay to prevent & cure the disease. The study in addition looks at the awareness on fluorosis and water quality among people. It was conducted in two phases for two time periods 1993 and 2003 -

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The impacts of groundwater contamination with fluoride and arsenic in India

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The field research study conducted by Carewater INREM Foundation attempts to establish the impacts of groundwater contamination with fluoride and arsenic in India. It maps the affliction severity, the medical cost and wage loss through a multi-location study in some villages in the States of Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and West Bengal.

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carewaterThe report by Carewater INREM Foundation draws inferences from studies across the Indo-Gangetic Basin on using local well driller knowledge to construct digital groundwater databases. The low density of current groundwater instrumentation networks in the region is both cost and management intensive, contrary to local knowledge, which has greater spatial coverage and can be obtained at a relatively lower cost. An efficient way to tap such local groundwater knowledge is through well drillers. 

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Rural Gujarat's solution for drinking water: Reverse Osmosis technology

carewaterThe report by Carewater INREM Foundation deals with Reverse Osmosis (RO) technology, which is emerging as an important solution for drinking water treatment in rural Gujarat. RO plants with capacity ranging from 10 litres per hour (lph) to 6000 lph are now supplying drinking water in several hundred villages of the State. Small sized plants with capacity < 20 lph are used by individual families whereas medium to large sized plants (>100 lph) are being used for public consumption.

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