Training module on water quality monitoring and surveillance by Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission

The training module is for block, panchayat/ village and district level with an aim to create awareness and provide training on water quality monitoring and surveillance

Training module at block level

This training module deals with water quality monitoring and surveillance at block level by the Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission. With this objective it is proposed to create massive awareness and provide training on water quality for all people at district, block and panchayat/village levels. A two-tier system should be followed for testing practices which will be followed in the district level laboratories and by field testing at community level.

The data generated should be made available to all users to take remedial and preventive measures to provide safe and protected water for promoting the public health. Adequate importance has also been emphasized on sanitary practices as it can contribute microbial diseases.

The various sections of the module include –

  • Introduction
  • Water Sources
  • Health Aspects of Water and Sanitation
  • Physical, Chemical and Bacteriological Contamination of Water
  • Consumers Perception and Social Awareness on Water Quality
  • Sanitary Survey
  • Management Infrastructure for Water Quality Surveillance
  • Field Testing at Community Level
  • Remedial and Preventive measures
  • Training Methodology
  • Annexure 1 – Testing Procedures by Field Kit
  • Annexure 2- Disinfection Processes
  • Annexure 3- Log Sheets for Sanitary Survey
  • Annexure 4 – Drinking Water Standards (BIS specification)

The strategies revolved around the following three distinct but interrelated issues -

  • Accelerating the coverage of remaining uncovered habitations with safe drinking water systems.
  • To promote sustainability of safe drinking water systems.
  • To institutionalise water quality monitoring and surveillance systems. 

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Training module at panchayat/village level

This training module deals with water quality monitoring and surveillance at village and panchayat level by the Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission. The department of drinking water supply in association with different state governments has taken up the sector reform programme wherein special thrust is being given on community based management programme on rural water supply. Such thrust includes capacity building and training at different levels from policy makers, administrators, implementers, operators, caretakers and community as a whole.

The training module has been prepared for sensitizing the community on water quality monitoring and surveillance. Capacity and infrastructure is being built at village level with participation of community leaders, panchayat members, primary teachers, health workers, village caretakers, WATSAN committee members etc.

The various sections of the module are –

Part I: Water quality and health impacts

  • Importance of water in our life
  • Concept of safe water
  • Effect of exceeding permissible limits and remedial measures
  • Bacteriological contamination

Part II: Water pollution

Part III: Sample collection, transportation and analysis

Part IV: Preventive measures

  • Protection of Water Sources            
  • Disinfection      

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Training module at district and state level

This training module deals with water quality monitoring and surveillance at state and district level by the Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission. The department of drinking water supply in association with different state governments has taken up the sector reform programme wherein special thrust is being given on community based management programme on rural water supply. Such thrust includes capacity building and training at different levels from policy makers, administrators, implementers, operators, caretakers and community as a whole.

The training module has been prepared for sensitizing policy makers and implementers and also to develop manpower for training at the block level on water quality monitoring and surveillance. The target group at state and district level training programme would be public health engineering and health department functionaries, technocards and scientists of different institutions, social scientists, educationists and teachers, representative from resourceful NGOs and other concerned personnel dealing with issues relating to rural water supply. A resource pool of manpower in each district is to be created.

The various sections of the module are –

  • Introduction
  • Health aspects of water and sanitation
  • Community education and involvement
  • Community based water quality surveillance
  • Organization and management of surveillance programme
  • Water quality guidelines and standards
  • Water quality monitoring
  • Sanitary survey
  • Preventive and remedial measures
  • Surveillance personnel
  • Laboratory infrastructure

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