Yavatmal, a district in Maharashtra, has gained popularity more for the number of farmer suicides than anything else in recent years. Since 2001, more than 2700 cases of suicide have been registered in this district alone. Poor water availability, low agriculture production and increasing debts are the major causes for suicide.
Phad irrigation is a diversion-based irrigation system developed on a check dam. The rainwater or flowing water from the river is diverted to a nearby field using gravity through a diversion weir, contour canal or PVC pipe. Phad irrigation is a low cost and eco-friendly technological solution for the farmers as it does not need elecricity. Within a year from implementing the Phad system, farmers have started reaping benefits and agriculture production has increased substantially.
The video titled ‘Phad irrigation- an oasis of hope in the land of suicides’ gives an overview of this sustainable solution.