Weather forecasts from India Meteorological Department (IMD) are all set to undergo major improvement with the commissioning of two very high-resolution weather prediction systems.
The new systems would have a resolution of 12-km grid scale, marking a big jump from the present level of 23 km. In addition, it will be based on a 20-point ensemble system that would generate a range of forecasts using slightly varying initial conditions.
“The aim is to generate a probabilistic type of forecasts for different intensity of rainfalls and other parameters for smaller areas of the size of about one administrative block,” Dr Madhavan Rajeevan, secretary of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) said while commissioning the two new systems.
The two prediction systems would operate in a coupled mode and are expected to significantly enhance weather information being provided by the current models by quantifying the uncertainties in weather forecasts and generate probabilistic forecasts. The systems have been put together by scientists at the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting, Noida and IMD.
The systems would particularly be of help to disaster management authorities and other stakeholders in making better emergency response decisions by explicitly accounting for uncertainties in weather forecasts. Besides, it will be very useful to various sectors of the economy including agriculture, tourism and renewable energy,” he added.
The forecasts products from the two prediction systems would be available at the following links: http://nwp.imd.gov.in/gefspro.php and http://www.ncmrwf.gov.in/product_main.php. The forecasts will be available for a period of 10 days at a time.
The new system, Dr Rajeevan noted, is a result of the recent upgradation of computing capacity to eight petaflops at a cost of Rs 450 crore. “The frameworks of the new systems are among the best weather prediction systems in the world at present. Very few forecasting centres in the world use this high resolution for short-medium range probabilistic weather forecasts,” he added.
The MoES has set up a special committee to help IMD make focused efforts to improve its capacity to forecast thunderstorms which have been on the increase in recent times. The MoES is also working to implement a more effective mechanism for the dissemination of weather and climate forecasts to different stakeholders using different communication channels. “The MoES is committed to transforming India into a 'Weather-ready’ country,” Rajeevan said. (India Science Wire)