Hydrogeomorphological mapping of Panchkula district in northern Haryana- a study in GIS development

This study from the GIS Development site is an attempt to use remote sensing techniques to prepare hydrogeomorphological maps of the Panchkula district in the northernmost part of Haryana to delineate the ground water potential zones on 1:50,000 scale using satellite imageries.

The study concludes that:

  • The Panchkula district exhibits diverse hydrogeomorphological conditions due to its location, topography and geology. The main hydrogeomorphic units found are alluvial plain, flood plain, denudational hill, piedmont zone, intermontane valley and structural hill. Excellent to good ground water prospect zones cover about 40% area of the district, whereas rests of the area constituted by denudational and structural hills has moderate to poor and nil prospects.
  • The groundwater in the districts occurs under unconfined water table conditions in the upper aquifers and semi-confined to confined conditions in the deeper aquifer zones. The level of development of groundwater is still to reach its optimum level. The potential aquifers can be exploited with shallow and deep tube wells. The Piedmont zone should be considered for further exploitation of groundwater through deeper tube wells.
  •  Raipur Rani and Barwala blocks in Panchkula district show maximum exploitation of groundwater, hence its further exploitation of groundwater in these two blocks should be restricted and possibilities of recharging aquifer zones should be explored.