Dhar District

The new urban water supply scheme in Madhya Pradesh that encourages private sector participation is replete with lacunae, according to an NGO that studied the scheme.

In November 2011, the government of Madhya Pradesh sanctioned Rs 493 crore to 37 Urban Local Bodies (ULB) for drinking water supply projects under the Chief Minister’s Urban Drinking Water Supply Scheme (CMUWSS) along the lines of the Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT).

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The village of Bankpura has come together for the cause of safe-drinking water. As a result, they are empowered and are prospering.

Bankpura village is in Mehgaon gram panchayat in Dharampuri block in district Dhar of Madhya Pradesh. It is situated 26km away from the sub-district headquarters, Dharampuri, and 68km away from the district headquarter, Dhar. Dhamnod is the nearest town to this village which is approximately 7km away. It is well connected by roads and railways. Being well connected, it has been fortunate to avail the government schemes meant for rural development. 

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Fluorosis-affected villagers can now heave a sigh of relief. The dream of safe drinking water at their doorstep has become a reality.

Seema Kalu, suffering from skeletal fluorosis (Source:Dalpat & Heena)

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Anita Sharma and Anil Gautam of Peoples Science Institute, Dehradun talk about their work with fluoride affected communities in Madhya Pradesh.

What is the exact problem as regards fluoride contamination in Madhya Pradesh, particularly in Dhar district?

A continuous level of 1.5 mg/l and above of fluoride in drinking water is considered hazardous for the health of bones and teeth. In Madhya Pradesh 27 districts are affected with fluoride contamination.

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Although fluoride contamination was identified in Dhar, Madhya Pradesh a decade ago. children of some villages still continue to fall victim to skeletal and dental fluorosis causing bone deformities.

Urmila can neither walk upright, nor run about, nor do her chores easily. She is loved in her parents' house and they do not grudge her the extra care she requires. In rural India, this state of affairs does not last long for a girl, especially since she's only six years old. 

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Endemic fluorosis exists in 31 villages of Dhar district, Madhya Pradesh. This is the story of how one village is reclaiming its health and dignity.

Bandu Singh, a lean old man aged around 60, has spent his entire life living in a small mud house in Kaalapani, a small village located in Manawar block of Dhar district, Madhya Pradesh. Kaalapani has a population of 849 people of which 99.41% (as per Census 2011) are listed as belonging to Schedule Tribes (ST).  

The area

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Policy matters this week

Centre okays Rs 20,000 crore for the 'Namami Gange' programme

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Study on hygiene and sanitation practice in two districts of Madhya pradesh - Dhar and Khargone. Various surveys are carried out showing information on use of toilet, washing hands, treatment of drinking water, diarrhoea rate and water related health issues.

Type Of Data

Georaphical Spread

Vasudha Vikas Sansthan with the help of Water Aid and with the technical support of Peoples’ Science Institute undertook fluoride testing and fluorosis mitigation programme in Tirala, Dharampuri and Umarban blocks of Dhar district in Madhya Pradesh. The program began on November 5th, 2008. The data generated and major results of the research undertaken under the programme is presented in this report.

Background:

62 million people in India, including 6 million children suffer from fluorosis. The root cause of this is excessive fluoride (>1.5mg/l) in groundwater, as is found in 20 states across India.

Objectives:

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It is part of a series of papers analyzing the baseline data from all countries where the Global Scaling Up Rural Sanitation program has been implemented.

WSPThis report by the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) of the World Bank presents the findings of the baseline and community survey conducted in two districts of Madhya Pradesh (MP) - Dhar and Khargone. The goal of the program is to reduce the risk of diarrhea and therefore increase household productivity by stimulating demand for sanitation in the lives of people. The program also seeks to stimulate the supply of appropriate sanitation program and services by conducting market research and training local artisans to build the relevant facilities.

In India, the program is supporting the Government of India’s (GoI) Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in two States: Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. The main components of the intervention include: Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), Social Marketing of Sanitation, Strengthening the Enabling Environment and Nirmal Gram Puraskar (NGP) Awards.

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