The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) has issued the draft CRZ Notification, 2010 under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 on 15th September, 2010 inviting suggestions and objections from public within 60 days from date of its issue. The following are the new additions to the original 1991 notification:
The draft notification is available at the website of the Ministry of Environment and Forests here.
FAQs on draft Coastal Regulation Zone notification can be viewed at the MoEF website here.
Critique of a draft Coastal Regulation Zone notification by the Kerala Swathanthra Malsya Thozhilali
Kerala Swathanthra Malsya Thozhilali (Kerala Independent Fishworkers) Federation, a non-party trade union with community-based organisation, working in the unorganised sector of fisheries has rejected the Draft Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 2010 for two main reasons.
The fishing communities had sought their rights to the coast, the notification gave only some concessions. They had not sought concessions, but their right to have settlements on the coast. Up to 50 metres from the high tide level (HTL) of the
CRZ area should be kept free of non-fishery activities. Houses of fishermen within that zone can be rehabilitated within the 50-metre to 500-metre zone. All existing houses of the fishing community within that zone should be regularised.
The notification violated the fundamental principles of coastal protection. There was no logic in permitting activities such as large housing projects, greenfield airports and power plants on the narrow 500-metre strip from the HTL in the CRZ area. In fact, the notification would only serve to displace the fishing communities from the CRZ areas. Activities that require waterfront and foreshore facilities can destroy the coast over time through cumulative impacts.
The special dispensation for Kerala in the notification was essentially to reduce the CRZ from 100 metres to 50 metres for the backwater islands. While this provision outwardly appeared to be one that facilitated the construction of houses for the local communities, it could also facilitate other construction activities for commercial purposes and in the process throw out the fishing communities. Therefore, the dispensation should be limited only to the local fishing communities.
The KMSTF called for a draft Bill on the CRZ that protected the traditional rights and interests of the fishing community and also the coastal environment. The critique can be downloaded here.
A news article on the issue is available on The Hindu website here.